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Lengthening the Placement Levels to

Shorten the Math Sequence Path:
Outcomes of Moving from a
Three-Level to Six-Level Math
Placement System
San Joaquin Delta College
Student Success Conference, October 2013

Outline of Session
• Institution Profile
• Background
• Process of Change
• Data Trends – Pre and Post Placement Change
• Reflections
*Interactive Activities throughout

Session Outcomes
As a result of this session, participants will
understand:
• the processes involved with changing the
placement cut score system at one institution
• the implications of those changes at the
institution

Institution Profile
• Located in the central valley of California
• 2012-13 unduplicated headcount 22,679
• 75% Non-White student population, 56%
female
• Over 50% qualified for California Board of
Governor’s Fee-Waiver
• Over 80% of students require remediation in
Reading and/or Math

Interactive Session
What assessment system is your college
currently using to place students in English and
Math?
http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choi
ce_polls/5bf03HmIFP1t98R

Historical Background
Prior to 1999: ASSET – Paper and Pen – 3 Level
Level 1 = Arithmetic
Level 2 = Pre-Algebra
Level 3 = Algebra

Historical Background
1999-2007
COMPASS – Computerized Adaptive Testing
Level 1 = Arithmetic
Level 2 = Pre-Algebra
Level 3 = Algebra

Historical Background
2007 to present: COMPASS2
Level 1 = Arithmetic
Level 2 = Pre-Algebra
Level 3 = Algebra
Level 4 = Intermediate Algebra
Level 5 = Math courses with Intermediate Algebra
as pre-req
Level 6 = Calculus

Data Trends: Assessment
Test Type and Math Level

2003-04 2004-05 2005-06 2006-07 2007-08 2008-09 2009-10 2010-11 2011-12 2012-13

ASSET
1: Four Levels Below

60.7%

60.8%

65.3%

60.3%

2: Three Levels Below

25.5%

26.3%

21.2%

22.1%

3: Two Levels Below

13.9%

12.9%

13.4%

17.6%

1: Four Levels Below

56.4%

57.8%

67.9%

67.8%

2: Three Levels Below

25.4%

27.6%

17.0%

17.9%

3: Two Levels Below

18.2%

14.6%

15.2%

14.3%

COMPASS

COMPASS2
1: Four Levels Below

35.1%

34.6%

31.2%

32.3%

29.0%

24.0%

2: Three Levels Below

34.1%

34.0%

35.4%

35.1%

34.4%

33.0%

3: Two Levels Below

19.7%

20.6%

20.8%

20.7%

21.3%

23.5%

4. One Level Below
5. College Level

6.2%
2.9%

5.8%
3.1%

7.2%
3.2%

6.9%
2.7%

9.2%
3.7%

10.8%
4.7%

6. Advanced (Calculus)

2.0%

2.0%

2.2%

2.3%

2.4%

4.0%

9191

9455

12951

7353

9296

9244

Grand Total

6920

7891

7424

8270

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, Assessment Data

Interactive Session
How many Math levels below college does your
institution offer?
http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choi
ce_polls/VaMRyaayZKvxmcx

Process of Change
• Collaboration
– Math Committee, Math Faculty
– Assessment Center, Assessment Director
– Planning, Research, and Institutional Effectiveness

• Outcomes Data
• Faculty-Driven Process

Data Trends: Course Level Success Rates by
Ethnic Group Before Assessment Change
65.0%
60.0%
55.0%

50.0%
45.0%
40.0%
35.0%
30.0%
25.0%
20.0%

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

Asian

57.8%

60.9%

56.6%

58.5%

Black/African American

37.7%

37.8%

37.2%

39.5%

Filipino

53.9%

54.7%

58.3%

58.1%

Hispanic

48.1%

48.6%

47.6%

49.3%

Pacific Islander

41.8%

58.5%

47.7%

45.5%

Other

49.1%

48.1%

55.7%

54.3%

White

56.2%

54.6%

56.4%

57.7%

Overall

52.3%

52.1%

52.7%

53.6%

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, December 2010

Interactive Session
What would you do given these low rates?
http://www.polleverywhere.com/multiple_choi
ce_polls/BAM1JO0GsESnCn8

Matrix of Success: Data Sample to
Math Faculty
Score
Range

Level

MATH
74*

MATH
72/76

MATH
78/88

MATH
80

MATH
82

MATH
12

MATH
38A/B

MATH
1

0 – 30

1 PA

58.1%
(308)

39.3%
(1,066)

61.1%
(36)

33.7%
(163)

29.7%
(64)

58.3%
(24)

31 - 45

2 PA

63.6%
(33)

51.6%
(192)

58.1%
(496)

41.7%
(1,411)

39.1%
(417)

54.8%
(168)

36.8%
(68)

46 - 100

3 PA

50.0%
(34)

53.7%
(67)

43.4%
(396)

37.9%
(116)

51.7%
(60)

42.1%
(19)

0 - 45

3 AL

78.9%
(38)

53.5%
(482)

46.0%
(276)

65.6%
(160)

45.7%
(81)

46 - 65

4 AL

67.4%
(92)

63.7%
(179)

73.1%
(197)

57.7%
(97)

66 – 100

5 AL

0 – 100

5 CA

70.0%
(30)

77.5%
(40)

77.8%
(27)

0 – 45

5 TR

71.8%
(39)

72.7%
(22)

52.2%
(23)

46 - 100

6 TR

90.6%
(53)

85.3%
(34)

72.1%
(122)

53.3%
(60)

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, December 2010, Cohort of first-time students between 2007-08 to 2009-10

Data Trends: Math Success Rates
Assessment Test changed from 3 level placement to 6

6 Level Placement Implemented

70.0%

59.9%

60.0%
52.3%

52.1%

52.7%

53.6%

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

51.9%

53.4%

54.2%

2008-09

2009-10

52.4%

52.7%

2010-11

2011-12

50.0%

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

0.0%
2007-08

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, all Math courses.
Note. Success rates significantly higher post change, X2 (1) = 19.61, p < .001, Cramer’s V = 0.12

2012-13

Data Trends: Math Success Rates by
Ethnic Group
75.0%
70.0%
65.0%
60.0%

55.0%
Success Rate

50.0%
45.0%
40.0%
35.0%
30.0%
25.0%
20.0%

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Asian

57.8%

60.9%

56.6%

58.5%

56.5%

61.2%

61.9%

60.3%

61.0%

66.6%

Black/African American

37.7%

37.8%

37.2%

39.5%

35.4%

40.3%

40.0%

37.4%

37.0%

43.7%

Filipino

53.9%

54.7%

58.3%

58.1%

55.3%

55.1%

58.3%

58.9%

57.2%

68.8%

Hispanic

48.1%

48.6%

47.6%

49.3%

49.7%

50.8%

51.2%

51.0%

51.0%

58.6%

Pacific Islander

41.8%

58.5%

47.7%

45.5%

49.2%

44.2%

54.3%

44.3%

59.0%

54.3%

Other

49.1%

48.1%

55.7%

54.3%

51.9%

51.9%

52.6%

49.9%

49.6%

55.9%

White

56.2%

54.6%

56.4%

57.7%

55.8%

56.3%

57.9%

54.8%

56.6%

63.2%

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, all Math courses

Data Trends: Math Success by
Instructional Mode
70.0%

60.0%

50.0%

40.0%

30.0%

20.0%

10.0%

0.0%

2003-04

2004-05

2005-06

2006-07

2007-08

2008-09

2009-10

2010-11

2011-12

2012-13

Internet

49.6%

44.0%

45.6%

47.8%

48.8%

48.9%

51.4%

46.6%

47.3%

55.9%

Traditional

53.1%

55.8%

56.3%

56.9%

53.8%

56.0%

55.7%

54.9%

54.7%

61.7%

Data Source: San Joaquin Delta College System 2000, all Math courses

Matrix of Success

Placement Level Prior to
Enrolling in Course

Cohort of first-time students enrolled in 2011-12 and 2012-13.

1
2
3
4
5
6

Course Level
3

1

2

4

5

6

37.9%

57.1%

35.5%

44.3%

64.2%

50.0%

31.9%

51.7%

64.2%

57.0%

51.0%

51.7%

66.7%

72.3%

75.2%

100.0%

79.6%

68.9%

61.1%

86.6%

66.4%

Reflections
• Success rates in courses improving over time
• Course progression rates also improving
– 3 levels below to transfer
• 16.7% for Fall 2003 Cohort vs. 18.8% for Fall 2008
Cohort*

• More refined placement = better placement

*Chancellor’s Office Data Mart – Basic Skills Cohort Tracker

End of Session
• the processes involved with changing the
placement cut score system at one institution
• the implications of those changes at the
institution

Contact Information
Alyssa Nguyen
anguyen@deltacollege.edu
Sabrina Sencil
ssencil@deltacollege.edu

Dr. Matthew Wetstein
mwetstein@deltacollege.edu