Vicki Barry Rama Savi Beth Vicki Intros, what we’ll cover The problem; the need for innovation Exchange among participants; Report out Figure out time division Metro Academies – 7 Essential Elements Outcomes Wrap-Up Total 5 min. 10 min. 30 min. 20 min. 20 min. 2 min. 90 minutes

Vicki Legion, MPH Dr. Barry A. Russell Co-Director, Metro Academies Initiative Faculty, City College of San Francisco Vice Chancellor of Academic Affairs California Community Colleges Chancellor’s Office Director, Metro Student Services, Recruitment and Enrollment; Faculty, City College of SF and SF State

Dr. Rama Kased

Dr. Savita Malik

Director, Metro Curriculum and Faculty Development; Faculty, San Francisco State University
Metro Site Coordinator, Department Chair of Health Education, City College of San Francisco

Beth Freedman, MPH

What Guides Our Work?

CTE ° Basic Skills ° Transfer

Changing Demographics Lack of Preparation Diversity Economically Challenged Out of Work All Age Groups

Community college students who earned a vocational degree or certificate in 2003-2004 saw their wages jump from $25,856 (for the last year before receipt of the award) to $57,594 three years after earning their degree (2007), an increase of over 100 percent.

The system enrolls almost one-fourth of all 20- to 24-year olds in California, with participation rates of 243.1 per 1,000 for 20082009.

Of those who assessed at below transfer level in mathematics, the largest proportion assessed at three levels below transfer level, and 12 percent of this proportion succeeded in completing transferlevel mathematics.

Of those who assessed at below transfer level in English, the largest proportion assessed at two levels below transfer level, and about 35 percent of this proportion succeeded in completing transferlevel English.

In 2008-2009, the system transferred 99,583 students to four-year institutions (public, private, in-state, and outof-state).

How Does California Compare?

Three-Year Graduation Rates for Associate Students - 2008

Adults Lacking Basic Prose Literacy Skills - 2003

Bachelor's Degrees Awarded Per 100 HS Graduates 6 Years Earlier - 2007

Metro Academies

An effort to make a qualitative change in completion and university transfer for low-income, first-generation and/or underrepresented students.

California is the Number 1 Most Diverse State 73 percent of young people under 18 come from communities of color—over half Latino/a.

California’s Youth are Shifting Demographically – Are Our Institutions Keeping Up? •Of the 50 states, California ranks 49th in terms of the bachelor’s degree graduation gap between underrepresented students and their peers. •In funding per student in postsecondary education, California is the 50th of the 50 states.

UCLA Civil Rights Project, Building Pathways to Transfer, 2012

• Most transfer in California comes from a handful of suburban community colleges that serve mainly middle class white and Asian students. • Patterns of class/race segregation in K-12 schools repeat at the community college level. Inner-city high schools feed to inner-city CCs that have small and weak transfer capacity, and thin resources spread among many missions.

What are our most promising practices?
• Use the white cards to jot down the most promising practices your college currently uses to address challenges to completion and transfer for low-income students. • Write one practice per card.

Share your ideas!
At your table, introduce yourself, then go around and share one of these promising practices. You have 20 minutes!

When the bell sounds, you’ll pick your group’s main theme to share.

Metro Academies Initiative: A Redesign of the First Two Years of College

Metro Academies: Schools within Schools
Each Metro is a school within a school, serving 140 students who spend two years working in a cohort.

We now have two Metro Academies at CCSF and three at SF State

It’s working!

Our mission….

To increase equity in college completion through engaging, supportive, rigorous, and socially relevant education

Targeted outreach Recruitment pipelines focus on low-income, firstgeneration and/or under-represented students who can commit to 12 units per semester over four semesters.

General education course pathway

All pathway courses fulfill general education requirements for both associate’s and bachelor’s degrees, including repeated practice across the curriculum in writing, math, critical thinking and oral communication.

Long duration student learning community Two classes are linked each semester for four semesters to create a ‘school within a school’ over the first two years. The cohort has block enrollment with guaranteed seats.

Integrated Curriculum design

Curriculum is integrated to systematically build strong academic skills between linked courses and across semesters. Curriculum is engaging and socially relevant, with themes in broad fields such as health, STEM, or education.

Student support based in the classroom

Academic counseling, tutoring, financial aid advising, and early intervention are tied in to courses.

Faculty development

A 45-hour, one-year faculty learning community on high-impact educational practices. This supports excellent teaching and fosters collaboration.

Tracking student success

Evaluation of students and program using dashboard indicators of progress toward graduation.

Metro is reaching the students we set out to reach

City College—transfer prepared after two years: Metro Health vs. comparison group

Graduation, Transfer, Persistence

Metro Addresses the Problem of Excess Units

Metro Is Cost Efficient: CCSF
Cost Per Associate’s Degree and/or Transfer

Data analysis by Dr. Robert Johnstone, RP Group and the National Center for Inquiry and Improvement, using the Pro Forma method

Funders Strengthening Institutions Program (SIP)/U.S. Department of Education CSU Chancellor ’s Office, Student Success Initiative The James Irvine Foundation FIPSE/U.S. Department of Education (two grants) Mimi and Peter Haas Fund Marcled Foundation CSU Compass Project Home Institutions

Contact Information Barry Russell: brussell@ccco.edu Beth Freedman: bfreedman@ccsf.edu Vicki Legion: vlegion@sfsu.edu Rama Kased: rkased@ccsf.edu Savita Malik: smalik@sfsu.edu


Back-up slides if needed

Innovation is Needed!

“Two-year colleges are asked to educate those students with the greatest needs, using the least funds, and in increasingly separate and unequal institutions. Our higher education system, like the larger society, is growing more and more unequal.” --Century Foundation, 2013 Bridging the Higher Education Divide

Comparison FTF at SF State vs Metro

Data represents weighted averages from 2009 to 2012.

Persistence: Metro compared to all SF State FTF

SF State Metro 4 & 5 yr Graduation


It’s an economic issue: A recent study from the Georgetown University Center of Education and the Workforce found that by 2018 more than 68 percent of all jobs will require some postsecondary education — an increase of 40 percent over current needs.

(Carnevale, Smith & Strohl, 2010)

Keep it lowest income students have least chance to get BA Go to 8

Income Gap

B.A. Completion Rate by Age 24 (2009)

Source: Postsecondary Education Opportunity, “Bachelor’s Degree Attainment by Age 24 by Family Income Quartiles, 1970 to 2009. Courtesy of the Education Trust

This is a university slide – would be good to find something

US Undergraduate Population

Or skip

Approximately 24% are low-income, first-generation college students.

(Engles, 2007)

There are patterns that we know – access to ba determined By income and ethnicity (which is also tied to income)

Ethnicity Gap

25-29 Year Olds with a B.A. or Higher (2010)

Source: NCES, Condition of Education (2010) and U.S. Census Bureau, Educational Attainment in the United States, 2010. Courtesy of the Education Trust

skip US Undergraduate Population

Approximately 24% are low-income, first-generation College students.

(Engles, 2007)

45% of students in their first two years of college show no significant improvement in a range of skills — including critical thinking, complex reasoning, and writing.
According to an analysis of Collegiate Learning Assessment results of >2300 undergraduates at 24 institutions (Arum & Roska, 2010)

Metro Is Cost Efficient: SF State
Cost Per BA Graduate

Data analysis by Dr. Robert Johnstone, senior research fellow, RP Group, Community College Chancellor's Office Reviewed by Jane Wellman, ED of National Association of Systems Heads & Delta Cost Project

What did you learn from the Magic Wand Exercise?

Contact us Vicki Legion

Innovation is Needed!
“…to address the success of academically underprepared students who are disproportionately of lowincome and underserved backgrounds, colleges and universities must stop tinkering at the margins of institutional life, stop the tendency to take an “add-on” approach to institutional innovation, and adopt efforts that restructure the learning environments in which we ask students to learn” (Tinto and Engstrom, 2009).