Outline


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Sustainable Transportation Motorization Modal Share Effects on Mobility Effects on Safety Research Issues

Sustainability?

Development that meets the needs of the present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their needs.

Goal for Sustainable Transportation

Develop

better

transportation

systems,

options, and expectations consistent with the objective of securing future social and

economic development within a sustainable
environment that ensures community wellbeing.

REDUCING TRANSPORTATION NEED + REDUCING DEPENDENCE ON CAR + IMPROVING TRAFFIC FLOW (Transportation Systems Management) Sustainable Transport REDUCING DEPENDENCE ON FOSSIL FUEL (Energy Management) ENCOURAGING PUBLIC TRANSPORT. CYCLING AND WALKING (Capacity Management) MINIMISING ENVIRONMENTAL IMPACTS (Environmental Management) .

0430 0.0365 0. road transportation is the greatest individual contributor of CO2 emissions (26%) in the average American household (Froehlich et al.0680 0.0504 Total EF 704 260 50 882 EF per capita (m2) 4 998 361 and Scott 2003) transport emits 22% of the total output of carbon dioxide (Barrett •Personal •In the UK.0587 0.Sustainable Transport  Important from the perspective of climate change (to improve carbon footprint / ecological footprint etc.0208 0. 2009) Bus Train Taxi Motorcycle Bicycle 716 505 195 334 483 808 113 368 140 68 012 430 86 160 350 0.) TABLE .0017 30 843 6 971 7 709 2 482 145 219 49 55 18 1 EF of car is 87% of the total EF .The ecological footprint of transport in Merseyside (Barrett and Scott 2003) EF (ha per 1000 Mode Car Air Total passenger km 11 999 607 600 1 010 169 379 passenger km) 0.

.

Motorization .

6 times from 2005 to 2035 . “Urban Transport in India”.3 2.7 India’s fuel consumption in 2035 will be over six times that in 2005 Source – Lohia (2008).4 6.1 16.3 4.9 80.0 12.3 246. SUV Grand Total 2.5 41.1 372. India.2 49.6 2025 2035 174.4 46.1 3.8 63. IIT Guwahati.1 236.9 5.8 9.2 Total on road Vehicle Fuel Consumption (Million Tons of Oil Equivalent) 2005 58 2008 73 2015 115 2025 221 2035 371 LCV Car.6 26.1 13.Vehicular Growth Forecast of Vehicle Populations in India (in million vehicles) Population 2-W 3-W HCV 2005 2008 2015 35.8 2.2 8.9 87.4 8. MTTBR-08.7 5.7 18.0 2. Expected increase of Car and SUVs is 13 times and 2W is 6.1 121.1 3.

Modal Share .

. Safety – High levels of mobility (minimizing travel times and delays). – High levels of safety.Goals of Transportation  Mobility vs.

Effects on Mobility .

Effects on Safety .

Source: WHO (2004) .

3 6.2 Source: Data retrieved from European Union Road Federation: European Road Statistics 2007. .2 17 15.637 407.3 18 213 6.9 7.2 282.Road Accidents Table: Road Accidents Involving Injury .9 18.7 389.6 233.3 362 354.1 6.1 Denmark 12.6 391.4 Great Britain 257.91 2004 339.2 7.4 382.7 229 221.8 16.3 9.9 375.8 15.7 220.1980-2004 (in thousand) Germany 1980 1990 2000 2001 2002 2003 412.726 429.497 406.7 India 153.3 265.5 Sweden 15.449 405.

Road Accidents .

People-oriented approach (proposed) High Volume Low priority     NMT High Priority Low Volume .

Car/vehicle-oriented approach (current) Low Volume High Priority Low priority     NMT High Volume .

Gaps Identified  Do not explore innovative financing mechanism – Using land as a resource – densification of defined transport axis/corridors by increasing FAR – PPP Potential   Application of ITS Institutional Mechanism/ SPV .

. use of geo-informatics. etc.Initiatives in State of Karnataka      State Transport Policy Document Pedestrian Policy Document Parking Policy Document Creation of BMLTA (UMTA) Traffic management Center at Bangalore. .

Is it really enough? No .

Research Issues .

Approaches for Developing Transport Strategies – Need for a holistic approach  Bottom-up (existing) Vs Top-down (proposed)  Bottom-up approach – Identification and analysis of comprehensive set of transport problems – Potential solutions to the problems are assessed in isolation as well as combination using detail transport model – Combination which best solves the problems is taken as preferred startegy Top-down approach – The starting point is a set of goals and objectives .

on transportation and vice versa. slum development etc.  Assessing the required land-use control considering the holding capacity of transport infrastructure. .Planning / Modelling Issues  Reflecting the impact of changing land use and /or control policies.

Activity based modelling – still to be attempted in India? Better data collection techniques involving technology – for credible and accurate travel and household data (position. . route. distance/time). Exploring possibilities of considering environmental and social cost as part of the planning process rather than during post-planning impact assessment.Planning / Modelling Issues     Stated response surveys – how to facilitate use of complex choice scenarios for more reliable behavioral models and more accurate response forecasting.

Planning / Modelling Issues  More realistic assignment of trips to rail and bus networks taking into account the condition in trains. – To introduce carbon footprint or ecological footprint as a planning parameter.  . variations in bus speeds and frequency due to changes in overall traffic volume and fares. Orienting transport planning to address the climate change issues.

Need to develop integrated approach for corridor identification   . physical. include all modes) Inter-modal integration – operational. institutional.Public Transport Issues  Need for Systems approach in public transportation planning (address O-D travel time effectively.

Public Transport Issues  Route and schedule rationalization. Practically no use of optimization (awareness. local optimum. set of pareto optimal solutions). Which optimization tool is effective and credible to use? Better understanding of requirements from optimality in routing and scheduling (global optimum. better understanding of parameters).  .

Accordingly. the focus of planning and policy guidelines need to change.Non-motorized Transport (NMT) Issues  Need to research and define the role of NMT (access only or main mode) in overall mobility). to provide seamless travel using NMT.  .

Suggest improvements. Assessing Graduated Driver Licensing (GDL) and effective traffic law enforcement as a measure for improving road safety .Driver Behaviour and Road Safety Issues   Ways to quantify the impacts of driver attributes. education. and behaviour on road safety and mobility.

Right ITS measures and tools for Traffic control on NH and SH? Traffic management strategies during post-disaster scenario? . road user charges and congestion pricing. Understanding the impact of traffic demand management measures such as parking fees.Traffic management Issues      Effective micro-simulation tools for modelling heterogeneous and non-lane based traffic.. What is good for Indian traffic? Non-lane based or lane based traffic.

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