TEAM WORK

BY ANURADHA PUGALIA DEBSENA DUTTA ROY SUSHMA PULLELA PRANAV KUMAR KETAN NARANG

FLOW
v v v v v v v v v v TEAM GROUP vs. TEAM TYPES OF TEAM STAGES OF GROUP DEVELOPMENT ELEMENTS OF LEARNING TIPS FOR PROBLEM – SOLVING GIVING AND RECEIVING FEEDBACK SUCCESSFUL TEAM ROLE OF COACH REFERENCES

What is a team? A group of people pooling theirs skills, talents, and knowledge, with mutual support and resources, to provide effective solutions to problems. Why work in teams? To share perspectives, learn from each other, discover more about yourself and others, learn something new, support each other, experiment, and have fun.

GROUP vs TEAM
Team is a part of a Group. Team has more positive Synergy than Group. Team delivers more.

TYPES OF TEAM
vProblem Solving Team vSelf-Managed Work Team vCross-Functional Team vVirtual Team

The Five Stages of Group Development (Bruce Tuckman):
Forming
Team building: define team & individual roles, develop trust and communication  Task: define the problem & strategy to solve it, identify needed resources

Storming
Conflicts arise, collaboration is low, members realize the task is harder then they first imagined  Diagnose conflicts: Find out if everyone agrees on goals, roles & responsibilities. Try to identify the problem, and work out a solution that meets everyone’s goals.

Norming
Members accept the team, team ground rules, their roles, and the individuality of their fellow members.  Team members begin to cooperate, give constructive feedback.

Performing
Team members have gained insight into personal and team processes, and have a better understanding of each other’s strengths and weaknesses  The group has developed strategies for avoiding or resolving conflicts.  Members feel a close connection to the team.

Adjourning or Reforming
Bring closure to tasks  Review group processes, make suggestions/plans for improvement

NINE POTENTIAL TEAM ROLES
v LINKER v CREATOR v PROMOTER v ASSESSOR v ORGANIZER v PRODUCER v CONTROLLER v MAINTAINER v ADVISER

FIVE ELEMENTS OF COOPERATIVE LEARNING:
1. Positive interdependence:

Each person is responsible for a different learning issue. Each is responsible for sharing information and teaching each other.
4. Face-to-face interaction:

The team works together to make a solution plan. The team re-groups regularly to review progress and reassess goals.

3. Individual accountability:

Each person: does research, writes up results for the group.

4. Collaborative/social skills:
The team reviews reports/progress together and edits each other’s work.  The team shares resources and ideas effectively.  Cooperation, communication, trust, and effective leadership are key.

5. Group processing:
Assessment of group performance by the group.  The team discusses what they have learned and what problems still exist.

Recipe for a Successful Team
Commitment to shared goals and objectives Clearly define roles and responsibilities
Use best skills of each  Allows each to develop in all areas

Effective systems and processes
Clear communication  Beneficial team behaviors  Well-defined decision procedures  Use of scientific approach  Balanced participation  Established ground rules  Awareness of the group process

Good Personal Relationships

Tips for Problem Solving
Clarify the core issues Listen carefully to each person’s point of view Check understanding of the disagreement by restating the core issues State your views in clear non-judgmental language Use techniques such as circling the group for comments and having some silent thinking time when emotions run high

Guide for Giving Constructive Feedback
Talk first about yourself, not about the other person Phrase the issue as a statement, not a question Be descriptive Restrict your feedback to things you know for certain Don't use labels, exaggerate, or be judgmental Help people hear and accept your compliments when giving positive feedback

Receiving Feedback
Breathe Listen carefully Take time to sort out what you heard Ask questions for clarity Acknowledge the feedback Acknowledge the valid points

Roles of the Coach
Setting Task and Positive Interdependence Explaining Task Structuring Positive Goal Interdependence Structuring Individual Accountability Structuring Intra-group Cooperation Explaining Criteria for Success Specifying Desired Behaviors

Monitoring & Intervening
Providing Task Assistance, and closure to tasks  Monitoring team members’ Behavior & Intervening when necessary

Management Decisions
Arranging the Team in the room  Planning the Materials  Assigning Roles

Coach's Role

Facilitator, Guide, Co-learner

Coach Create Opportunities for Students To work collaboratively, to solve problems, to do authentic tasks, to share knowledge and responsibility, rich learning environments, experiences, and activities

"IT IS INDEED A REWARD, A CHALLENGE AND A PRIVILEGE TO BE A CONTRIBUTING MEMBER OF A TEAM"

REFERENCES
v Team Building (Alabama Supercomputing Program to Inspire Computational Research in Education): http://www.aspire.cs.uah.edu/aspire/workshops/fall2000/Team_Building.ppt v Building a Successful Team (Patrick Boyle, Center for Families and Children): http://www.cwru.edu/finadmin/humres/eerel/team.pdf

v Union City, NJ, Cooperative Learning website: http://www.union-city.k12.nj.us/innovations/studentp/peercoach/coop/index.htm

THANKING YOU

QUERIES

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