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.The Japanese educational system was reformed after World War II.

The old 6-5-3-3 system was changed to a 6-33-4 system (6 years of elementary school. . 3 years of junior high school. 3 years of senior high school and 4 years of University) with reference to the American system.

.The gimukyoiku (compulsory education) time period is 9 years. 6 in shougakkou (elementary school) and 3 in chuugakkou (junior high school).

with 100% enrollment in compulsory grades and zero illiteracy.Japan has one of the world's besteducated populations. .

.While not compulsory. senior high school (koukou) enrollment is over 96% nationwide and nearly 100% in the cities.

.The high school drop out rate is about 2% and has been increasing.

.About 46% of all high school graduates go on to university or junior college.

classes and maintains a uniform level of education throughout the country. textbooks.The Ministry of Education closely supervises curriculum. .

.Most schools operate on a three-term system with the new year starting in April.

which begins in April. and is modeled after the French school system.The modern educational system started in 1872. .

The fiscal year in Japan also begins in April and ends in March of the following year. . which is more convenient in many aspects.

which makes it one of the longest school days in the world. the average school day on weekdays is 6 hours. .Except for the lower grades of elementary school.

Vacations are 6 weeks in the summer and about 2 weeks each for winter and spring breaks. There is often homework over these vacations. .

except for practical trainings and laboratory work.Every class has its own fixed classroom where its students take all the courses. .

one teacher teaches all the subjects in each class.During elementary education. in most cases. .

the numbers of students in a typical elementary or junior high school class once exceeded 50 students.After World War II. . but now it is kept under 40.

At public elementary and junior high school. . and it is eaten in the classroom. school lunch (kyuushoku) is provided on a standardized menu.

.Nearly all junior high schools require their students to wear a school uniform (seifuku).

A big difference between the Japanese and the American School system is that Americans respect individuality while the Japanese control the individual by observing group rules. .

.This helps to explain the Japanese characteristic of group behavior.

Top 5 Universities in Japan • University of Tokyo • Kyoto University • Osaka University • Nagoya University • Hokkaido University .

Administration & Supervison .Ed.by: ROGELIO D. M. ARCELON JR.