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 DEFINITION  INTERNAL RESPIRATION EXTERNAL RESPIRATION  RESPIRATION IN PLANT

Respiration Internal respiration External respiration Respiration in plants Aerobic Structure Aerobic Anaerobic Gas exchange Anaerobic Gas transport Mechanism .

1. 2) 3) 3) 5) 6) 7) 8) RESPIRATORY SYSTEM = System that supply O2 from the blood and removes CO2 and other waste product ANABOLISM = Synthetic metabolism where small molecule unite to form larger molecule CATABOLIS = Destructive metabolism that breaks own large m0lecules which used energy METABOLISM = Anabolism and catabolism that occur with chemical change in living things RESPIRATION = Chemical breakdown of food to release energy for living things AEROBIC = Process of food breakdown that involve oxygen ANAEROBIC = Food oxidised without using oxygen RESPIRATORY SURFACE = The site of gaseous exchange .

Interchange gas Water regulation Maintain pH Temperature regulation FUNCTION OF RESPIRATION Maintain circulation Metabolic function Excretion .

INTERNAL RESPIRATION C6H12O6 + 6O2 6CO2 + 6H2O + ATP ANAEROBIC AEROBIC Muscle cells Glucose Lactic acid (2C3H6O3) + ATP (150kJ) Plant cells Glucose Ethanol (2C2H5OH) + CO2 + ATP (210kJ) Glucose + O2 CO2 + Water + ATP (2880kJ) .

cytoplasm .Cell of higher organism .mitochondria Complete oxidation ANAEROBIC Without oxygen Occur .cytoplasm Incomplete oxidation Release 38 ATP molecules Occur .all higher organism Release 2 ATP molecules Occur – lower organism .AEROBIC SIMILARITIES • Both cellular respiration • Use glucose for energy (ATP) • Occur in plant an animal • Catalysed by enzyme DIFFERENCES Use oxygen Occur .

EXTERNAL RESPIRATION Breathing or process of exchanging oxygen and carbon dioxide between organism and its environment  IMPORTANT!!! => Respiratory surface Thin Moist Highly vascular Contact with O2 Large surface area Excellent!! Permeable to gas .

PLANT RESPIRATORY SYSTEM Stomata Root surface RESPIRATORY STRUCTURE Lenticels .

sunlight Gain dry mass ATP as energy Use -O2 -Glucose Involve catabolic process Occur all the time Loss dry mass Food consume Mitochondria .PHOTOSYNTHESIS RESPIRATION SIMILARITIES • Occur intracellularly •Depends on the exchange of gas via stomata and lenticels •Catalysed by intracellular enzyme DIFFERENCES Carbohydrate as energy Use -CO2 -water Involve anabolic process Occur when cell contain -Chlorophyll .

2. 3. 5. State two types of respiration Explain what is cellular respiration Give two similarities and difference between aerobic and anaerobic process Explain the intake of oxygen for respiration in plants Compare and contrast photosynthesis and respiration in plants . 4.EXERCISE 1.