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REMAJA

Eri Achmad P S I K I AT E R
eriachmad@yahoo.co.id

Deteksi dini masalah kejiwaan pada remaja . Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi Gg Jiwa pd Remaja 2.Topik Bahasan 1.

cognitive. • This is a developmental paradox that requires sensitive positioning by those with a duty of care . responsibility and expectation.Background • Adolescence is a time of continual and far-reaching change affecting all aspects of life – social. learning and growth • They also have the potential to bring stress and vulnerability at a time when the role of parents and teachers in the adolescent’s life is changing. may be precursors to adventure. emotional and physical • Times of change. heralding increased independence.

• Adolescence marks a shift away from childhood and a transition into the adult world. while others may be contextual or related to specific times or occasions. and this may present some challenges or difficulties for some students • Some mental health difficulties experienced by adolescents are on-going. • These difficulties may have emerged in childhood or they may develop and become apparent in adolescence .

Faktor-faktor yang mempengaruhi Gg Jiwa pd Remaja BIO-PSIKO-SOSIAL + SPIRITUAL .

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personal-physical victimization ALCOHOL USE Social Parents figure Behavioural Dropping out of school DRUG MISUSE PROTECTIVE FACTORS MENTAL HEALTH Psychosocial: Model protective peer affiliationas Controls: personal. friends. body satisfaction Social: parental supervisions Support: family. intimate Behavioural: healthy life style . mastery.INDEPENDENT VARIABLES GENDER-AGE-ETHICITY-SES RISK FACTORS DEPENDENT VARIABLES Psychosocial Models and opportunity Risky peer affiliations SMOKING Vulnerability Personal: life stress. money problem. school engagement.

They may interrupt the processes through which risk factors operate 3. providing a cushion against negative effects 4. Promote self-esteem and self-efficacy. They may serve to act as a buffer for risk factors.Protective factors and resilience • Protective factors help build resilience 1. They may prevent the initial occurrence of a risk factor 2. .

allowing a person to maintain or re-establish their social and emotional wellbeing in the face of difficult events .• Resilience – Resilience is the capacity to deal constructively with change or challenges.

Deteksi dini masalah kejiwaan pada remaja .

Psikiatrik di perawatan primer • Setiap anak dan remaja dalam satu tahun akan mengunjungi perawatan primer • 2-5% disertai dengan permasalahan perilaku dan emosional • Tingkat gangguan psikiatrik pada anak remaja cenderung tinggi – 1 pada 4 anak usia 1-12 th – 4 pada 10 remaja usia 13-16 th .Prevalensi dan Pola Gg.

• Jenis gangguan psikiatrik yang sering dijumpai – Pra sekolah • Oppositional defiant disorder (DSM) • Gg. Sikap menentang (membangkang) (PPDGJ) – Anak sekolah dan remaja • Gg emosional .

• Gg psikiatrik pada anak dan remaja meningkatkan risiko kesehatan umumnya. yang pada akhirnya meninggkatkan penggunaan fasilitas kesehatan . meningkatkan gejala fisik.

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Kuliah selanjutnya • • • • Mekanisme pertahanan jiwa Simptomatologi Psikiatrik Pemeriksaan Psikiatrik Gangguan tingkah laku pada remaja .