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COMPETENCY BASED EDUCATION
By: Rajesh Kumar Sharma Asst. Professor Himalayan College of Nursing

INTRODUCTION • Hot topic in higher education • Popular to improve college affordability and more accurately measure student learning. .

HISTORY OF CBE • CBE emerged in the united states in 1970 • It advocates defining educational goals in terms of precise measureable descriptions of knowledge. skills and behaviors . .

The learner demonstrates his/her level of attainment on subject-area.DEFINITION • Competency-based education is defined as an instructional system in which a performance-based learning process is used. .

.Richards and Rodgers: • Competency based education focuses on outcomes of learning. CBE addresses what the learners are expected to do rather than on what they are expected to learn about.

They can move quickly through material they already know and focus on what they still need to learn.2 THINGS ABOUT ADULT LEARNERS 1. and they learn at different rates. . 2. They come to higher education knowing different things.

which means they prove that they have mastered the knowledge and skills (called competencies) required for a particular course. • Students progress by demonstrating their competence. regardless of how long it takes. .What is competency-based education and what makes it different? • The most important characteristic of competency-based education is that it measures learning rather than time.

CHARACTERISTICS PARTICIPANTS Participants’ knowledge and skills are assessed as they enter the program . .Learning should be self-paced.Flexible training .

.BOOKS. • Satisfactory completion of training is based on achievement of all specified competencies. audiovisual and simulations (models) keyed to the skills being mastered is used.EDUCATION • A variety of support materials including print.

Downloadable Mode 2.• Subject material for courses in Competence Based Education is offered in 3 different modes for the registered students. Read only Mode . 1. Class Interaction Practice Mode 3.

Students can access lessons. assignments and submit their scripts online.DOWNLOADABLE MODE • Downloadable mode empowers to offer education in a dynamic form to students. They need not brood if they miss lessons . tutorial sessions.they can download their lesson notes and access archived lessons. lectures etc .

. Downloading or interaction is unavailable.READONLY MODE • Students will be able to only read the course concepts.

CLASS INTERACTION MODE • The interactive learning provides an environment for students to talk and discuss freely about any related topics on line or off line. • Two ways of interaction Classroom interaction. X-CHAT • 2. MAILING GROUP . • 1.

Instructor and participants can talk with each other and discuss on related topic for stipulated time given by the instructor. • Protocol is used by servers to talk to each other.X-CHAT • Client Server Model that works with Internet Relay Chat Server Protocol. • It allows servers to connect to each other effectively forming a network. .

This way Course instructor or any other participant can reply to questions that will be read by all the members in that group including the instructor. Once approved by the instructor. participants can post their questions to this group ID.MAIL GROUP • Participants can become member of Mailing-group by registering their names in their group. .

.• Participants progress through the curriculum by demonstrating their competence in a variety of skill and knowledge areas. • Student who demonstrates a competency is showing the ability "to do" something to put knowledge and principles into practice.

students are required to apply the course content in his or her work setting and submit an example of how they achieved this goal.• After completing all examinations. .

Participants build confidence as they succeed in mastering specific competencies. . Participants receive a transcript or list of the competencies they have achieved.Participants will achieve competencies required in the performance of their jobs.

ADVANTAGES Vs. . DISADVANATAGE • Training time is used more efficiently and effectively. • More training time is devoted to working with participants individually or in small groups as opposed to presenting lectures • Sliding back into traditional teaching methods if there is not enough follow-up and training for the facilitators.

• If the competencies and accompanying rubrics are not carefully chosen and planned to ensure successful implementation. .ADVANTAGES Vs. DISADVANATAGE • More training time is devoted to evaluating each participant’s ability to perform essential job skills. the curriculum will not be strong enough to support a true competency-based learning experience.

will enhance the skill levels of professionals in white collar jobs as well as those workers in blue collar jobs. competency-based education can improve quality and consistency. reduce costs. .CONCLUSION • A competency-based curriculum. shorten the time required to graduate. and provide us with true measures of student learning. if done right. • Implemented effectively.