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GPS BASED Early Warning System

Based on:
GPS Technology. Included Modules :

- Receiver Module.
- Control Module. - Display Module.

GPS

The Global Positioning System (GPS) is the only fully functional Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS). The GPS uses a constellation of between 24 and 32 Medium Earth Orbit satellites that transmit precise microwave signals, that enable GPS receivers to determine their location, speed, direction, and time. GPS was developed by the United States Department of Defence.

GPS CONSTELLATION

Method of operation
The original GPS design contains two ranging codes: the Coarse/Acquisition (C/A) code, which is freely available to the public, and the restricted Precision (P) code, usually reserved for military applications. A GPS receiver calculates its position by carefully timing the signals sent by the constellation of GPS satellites high above the Earth. Each satellite continually transmits messages containing the time the message was sent, a precise orbit for the satellite sending the message . The receiver uses the arrival time of each message to measure the distance to each satellite, thereby establishing that the GPS receiver is approximately on the surfaces of spheres centred at each satellite.

Frequency information of GPS

MOTOROLA GT ON CORE

GPS RECIEVER

Features: 8 channel parallel receiver. Code plus carrier tracking. Position filtering. Optional on board Lithium battery. Antenna current sense circuit. Operates on 5V regulated power. TTL interface to host equipment. 3D positioning within 25 meters. Latitude, longitude, height, velocity, heading, time, and satellite status information output either continuously.

Advantages: - elimination of expensive low-loss heliax RF cable. - elimination of in-line amplifiers. - elimination of additional power supplies for the amplifiers.

- ease of installation due to smaller and more flexible twisted pair cables.

SUPPORTED COMMANDS:
ID Aa Ab Ac Ad Ae Af As At Aw Az Be Bj Cb Cf Cj Ea En Fa Sz Message Time of Day GMT Offset Date Latitude Longitude Height Position-Hold Position Position-Hold Mode Time Mode 1PPS Cable Delay Almanac Data Output Leap Second Pending Status Almanac Data Input Set-to-Defaults Receiver ID Position/Status/Data Message Time RAIM Setup and Status Message Self-Test System Power-on Failure Message

MSP430 CONTROLLER

The MSP Family :
- Ultra Low Power , mixed signal processors. - Widely used in battery operated applications. - Uses Von Neumann architecture to connect CPU, Peripherals, Buses. - 1 to 60 kB flash. - 256 to 2 kB RAM. - 12 bit Dual DAC for accurate analog voltage representation. - Programmable 10/12 bit ADC.

Features:
Low supply voltage range 2.5v-5.5v Ultra Low Power Consumption. 16 bit RISC Architecture. Serial Onboard Programming. Program code protection by Security Fuse. Memory: 4k Byte EPROM. 256 Byte RAM. - 20 – Pin Ceramic Dual in Line Package .

MSP 430 MODULAR ARCHITECTURE

MINI2440

Display

Features :CPU : s3c2440 ARM9 32 bit processor. Dimension : 100x100 mm. Memory : - 64 MB SDRAM - 128 MB NAND flash - 2 MB NOR flash LCD interface : 1024 x768 resolution. Beeper : PWM Buzzer. Touch Panel : 4 wire resistive. Power Supply : regulated 5V. OS support : Windows CE , Linux , Android.

Block Diagram

Finish
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