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APSC 150 Engineering Case Studies Case Study 3: Mining and the Environment Part 2: Mine Health and

Safety
Lecture 3.5

Mine Rescue
Student Team Competitions

Chilean Mine Rescue

The Rescued Miners

http://www.nytimes.com/2011/10/12/world/americas/chiles-rescued-miners-facemajor-struggles-a-year-later.html?pagewanted=all

The Rescued Miners - Aftermath

Traveled the world, cruising Greek Islands, visiting Britain, Israel, L.A., Disney World Emotional and psychological problems Most are unemployed and many are poorer than before Some receiving sick-leave pay for prolonged post-traumatic stress Some others are seeing private therapists Four have returned to mining

The Rescued Miners - Aftermath

Edison Pea Elvis impersonator and runner appeared on Lettermann Now is an alcoholic and into drug rehab Hollywood movie being developed which may provide future funds Most suffer from insomnia and nightmares Chronic post-traumatic syndrome much like veterans after returning from Vietnam and Iraq

The Rescued Miners - Aftermath

Chilean mining magnate, Leonardo Farkas, gave each miner more than $15,000 so they could rest and recuperate. Also gave free homes to two who were marrying Helped one miner find psychiatric care after miner found his fiance with another man

Survival Underground

Essential elements

Mine Refuge Stations located throughout the mine Availability of Food Availability of Water Availability of Air and Ventilation

Lighting (and power)


Communications

Mine Rescue

Requires a team to coordinate all activities Training is key - conducted on an on-going basis

fundamental principles of mine rescue standard mine rescue procedures and equipment legislation governing mine rescue medical requirements of volunteers mine gasses respiratory protection to work in IDLH* conditions care, use, maintenance, testing and servicing of primary breathing apparatus (Drager BG4)

Successful completion results in a certificate


* IDHL = immediately dangerous to life and health

Additional Courses
Refresher Training
An active team member must attend 6 refresher sessions per year Sessions include simulated emergencies conducted in an underground environment Apply standardized competency-based mine rescue practices and procedures

Additional Courses - 2
Advanced Certification

Participants must learn and demonstrate use of


primary and secondary breathing apparatuses standard equipment special rescue and extrication equipment

Written test completed on mine rescue functions and procedures Participants provided with a seal to attach to their Mine Rescue certificate

Additional Courses - 3
Supervisory/Management Mine Rescue

Designed for individuals likely to oversee mine emergencies

Day 1: Supervisory mine rescue training


History of mine rescue, mine gases, breathing apparatus, underground emergencies Written exam (70 % required)

Day 2: Management mine rescue training


Understanding management roles and responsibilities Case study analysis, Control Group training, and mine emergency response workshops

Refresher training needed every 3-5 years

Drger technology for life!

Drger is an international leader in the fields of medical and safety technology. Founded in Lbeck, Germany in 1889, Drger has grown into a worldwide, DAX-listed enterprise in its fifth generation as a family-run business. Our long-term success is predicated on a value-oriented corporate culture with four central strengths: close collaboration with our customers, the expertise of our employees, continuous innovation and outstanding quality.

Key Equipment
Underground rescue operations require the use of specific and specialized equipment for mine rescue teams.

Purchasing of equipment is done centrally to ensure standardization between districts and mines.
All personnel trained in mine rescue must be familiar with the equipment shown to allow teams to aid and assist each other without the fear of being unable to adequately operate rescue equipment.

Whenever a mine rescue operation is required, teams come from many parts of the country and continent.

Key Equipment
Drager BG4 The Drager BG4 is a closed-circuit breathing apparatus that provides up to 4 hours of breathing air. An electronic monitoring unit allows the briefing officer to monitor team members from outside the incident.

Key Equipment

Test-it 6100 Testers The Test-it 6100 tester measures the flow and pressure of BG4s. The tester comes in a suitcase designed for easy portability.

Key Equipment
CAREVent DRA Automatic Rescue Ventilator The CAREvent Ventilator is lightweight and portable. The unit provides a safe and effective means of providing demand breathing or artificial ventilation to casualties suffering respiratory difficulties or cardiac arrest. The ventilator is pneumatic (i.e., no batteries required) and gives breath by breath consistency in delivered tidal volume, frequency, and flow rates.

Key Equipment
iTX Multi-Gas Monitor
The iTX multi-gas monitor is a portable, battery-powered gas detection device that can measure up to six different gases at once. The iTX can log up to 300 hours of survey data at one-minute intervals.

Key Equipment
SSR 90 M
The SSR 90 M is a selfcontained, oxygen-generating rescue device for casualties during rescue operations. Mine rescue personnel carry the SSR 90 M underground and are able to provide the casualty with at least 90 minutes of breathing air. The unit weights 10.3 lbs.

CSE Self-Contained Self Rescue (SCSR) Breathing Apparatus


SR-100
The SR-100 is worn on a belt for quick access in an emergency. It provides 60 minutes of breathable air. The SR1-00 is a chemical-based re-breather, which recycles exhaled breath, chemically removing CO2 and replenishes it with O2.

It is used in mining, tunnelling, the armed forces, chemical plants, pulp/paper plants, water treatment plants and confined space entry situations where immediate reliable access to O2 is needed. Weight: 2.6 kg when carried and 2.2 kg in use

Key Equipment
GripTech SP2 Rope Rescue System
The SP2 is a rope rescue system that allows rescuers to be lowered vertically or horizontally from one level to another, or to raise victims to a surface area. It requires an adequate anchor point. The system is often used for confined space rescue.

Key Equipment
Enerpac 1250 Self-Contained Hydraulic Bolt Cutter
Self-contained, high-pressure cylinder with a guillotine-type cutter and a rotating head that can achieve a shearing force of 20 tons. The cutter does not actually cut the material, rather it is sheared.

Key Equipment
Darda Hydraulic Splitter
A wedge-type splitter with a splitting force up to 350 tons at 7,100 psi. The splitter consist of two cylinders. The upper cylinder houses the piston which moves a wedge in the lower cylinder. A control valve to extend or retract the wedge is operated by a single lever. When the lever is placed in a forward position, the wedge advances and the two feathers are forced against the wall of the hole and, with 100s of tons of pressure, to tear rock or concrete apart. Depending on materials, a break may occur in 1060 seconds.

Key Equipment
Maxiforce Lifting Bags
Multi-application, portable inflation system used to lift and displace heavy rigid objects. They are designated for use in emergency situations such as structural collapse and containment, vehicular extrications, industrial entrapment, and excavation collapse. Since the air bags contain no spark-producing parts, they can be used in explosive environments.

Key Equipment
MSA Thermal Imaging Cameras
The MSA Thermal Imaging Camera is a self-contained, battery-operated unit incorporating a miniature display monitor. It is intended primarily for use as a firefighting aid, giving good quality thermal pictures through dense smoke where normal vision is impossible.

Mine Rescue in B.C.


B.C.'s mining laws require trained mine rescue personnel and mine rescue equipment be maintained at all mines. Basic mine rescue training courses are conducted at mines across the province so miners have an opportunity to learn the necessary skills Many hours of training and practice are needed to develop a competent mine rescue team to work together and collaborate and coordinate with other teams to accomplish rescue objectives. Every year, the Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition offers mine rescue and three-person miner first aid teams a unique opportunity to display their skills.

56th Annual Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition June 2011, Revelstoke Community Centre, 600 Campbell Ave., Revelstoke, B.C.

Mine Rescue in B.C.


B.C.'s mining laws require trained mine rescue personnel and mine rescue equipment be maintained at all mines. Basic mine rescue training courses are conducted at mines across the province so miners have an opportunity to learn the necessary skills Many hours of training and practice are needed to develop a competent mine rescue team to work together and collaborate and coordinate with other teams to accomplish rescue objectives. Every year, the Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition offers mine rescue and three-person miner first aid teams a unique opportunity to display their skills.

56th Annual Provincial Mine Rescue and First Aid Competition June 2011, Revelstoke Community Centre, 600 Campbell Ave., Revelstoke, B.C.

Canadas First University Mine Rescue Team

What is Mine Rescue?

Highly trained multi-disciplinary team tasked with the mission of rescuing trapped miners due to an incident at a mine

Why do they exist?

Things can go wrong: Human or Nature

US Coal Mines Chile Mine Rescue Daily Operations

Safety in the Workplace

If your not working safe, you shouldnt be working Safety is NOT a Priority, it is a Value

UBC Mine Rescue Team

Founded to create a culture of safety at UBC

Develop risk management skills Enhance skill sets One of only a few in the world

First for Canada

Corporate Sponsorships Attended competition in Denver, Colorado

Team Breakdown

6 person team;

1# Captain 2# Ventilation 3# First Aid 4# Specialty Tools 5# Vice Captain Briefing Officer

Equipment: BG-4

Closed Circuit Breathing Apparatus

Equipment: Stretcher

Dual Purposed

Equipment: Special Tools


Ropes

SCSR
Fire

Equipment Thermal Imager Splitter/Cutter Gas Meter Captains Tools

Incident Response
What

happens when the emergency call comes

in?
Team alerted Briefing Officer prepares Situation outlined Travel to site: Under Oxygen Proceed to incident as planned Carry out rescue/recon Report Return

Hazards & Risk Management


Asses the situation Team ensures safety of route Retreat!? Ventilation Gasses Risk vs. Reward Team always comes first

Communication & Teamwork

Captain is responsible Team is complementary Trust

Impact at UBC

Raised awareness of safety Established ties with industry Team member skill development

http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odysse y=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001

http://www.9news.com/video/default.aspx?bctid=802512256001&odysse y=mod#/Mine+safety+training/802512256001

UBC Mine Rescue wins 1st Biannual Inter-collegiate Mine Rescue Competition
8 undergraduates in the Mining Engineering department at UBC won the first Inter-collegiate mine rescue competition hosted by Colorado School of Mines last week in Denver. The competition took place at CSMs Edgar Mine outside of Denver. Each team was pushed to their breaking point. Real fires, smoke and patient actors were used to increase the reality of the simulation and to expose each team to a real life scenario in a controlled environment. The UBC team demonstrated incredible teamwork and communication in rescuing multiple victims and building temporary rock support that led to the capture of the title. http://bcminingblog.com/ubcminerescue/2011/03/03/ubc-minerescue-wins-1st-biannual-inter-collegiate-mine-rescue-competition/

Won 1st ever collegiate mine rescue competition

UBC Mine Rescue Champions - 2011

All-Women Mine Rescue Team

Colorado School of Mines

All-Women Mine Rescue Team

Colorado School of Mines

All-Women Mine Rescue Team


Colorado School of Mines

http://video.denver.cbslocal.com/global/video/flash/popupplayer.asp?vt1=v&clipForma t=flv&clipId1=5603364&at1=News&h1=Rescuers&rnd=86508038

All-Women Mine Rescue Team


Colorado School of Mines

Conclusion
The best mine rescue team is the one you never have to use, but until then

Questions????