LABOUR WELFARE

INTRODUCTION • Labour welfare is an important dimension of industrial relation, labour welfare includes overall welfare facilities designed to take care of well being of employee's and in order to increase their living standard. • It can also be provided by government, non government agencies and trade unions.

• Industrial Labour Organization has played a very significant role for labour welfare. • Formed by Indian central government and state governments for welfare of labour in Industries . Till then wellbeing of workers in factories was hardly thought by anybody.HISTORY OF LABOUR WELFARE • In India the labour welfare started sometime during the 1st world war (1914-1918).

.• Government has laid down minimum standards for employment and working conditions in organizations. • trade unions and various social organizations also function as agencies for implementation of labour welfare measures.

intellectual and social. of the employees over and above the wages paid which is not a necessity of the Industry .DEFINITION Labour welfare means anything done for the comfort and improvement.

According to Industrial Labour Organization (ILO) “Labour welfare may be understood and including such services facilities and amenities which may be established in vicinity of undertaking to perform their work in healthy and congenial environment and to avail of facilities which improve their health and bring high morale.” .

comfort. . As mentioned earlier the Encylopedia of social science defines it as “voluntary efforts of an employer to establish working and sometimes living and cultural conditions of his employees beyond what is required by law the customs of industry and conditions of the market”. Richardson includes under it “any arrangement of working conditions which contribute to the workers health and safety. economic security.Prof. education and recreation”. efficiency.

• It provides intellectual improvement of employees. . • To provide healthy and proper working conditions.OBJECTIVES OF LABOUR WELFARE • Labour welfare provides social comfort to employees. • To make employees lives good and worth living. • To build stable work force. • To ensure well being of employees and families.

The objectives of Labour Welfare is • To increase efficiency and productivity among workers • To improve moral & loyalty • To build up stable labour force and to lower turnover & absenteeism • To earn goodwill and enhance public image • To reduce the influence of union • To attract efficient employees • To reduce the threat of further government intervention. .

• It can be a social concept which relates to welfare of employees. their families and community as a whole. • It will be provided over and above regular wages.PRINCIPLES • Welfare activities will be carried out at all levels in the organization. .

government. • Employers.NATURE OF WELFARE • Schemes of labour welfare shall be updated time to time according to needs of workers. introduce labour welfare measures. NGOs etc. • Labour welfare provides facilities in addition to regular wages and other economic benefits. • Labour welfare provides facilities which improves workers work-life balance .

• Voluntary: Voluntary welfare includes all those activities. which depend on the coercive power of the government. On the basis of Status: Labour welfare can be considered as: • Statutory: Statutory welfare is composed of those provisions of welfare work implementation.Classification of Labour Welfare: Labour welfare programs can be classified from different angles. • Mutual: Mutual welfare is a “Corporate Enterprise” undertaken by the workers themselves. . enacts certain rules regarding labour welfare in order to enforce the minimum standards of healthy and safety of the worker and the employers have to observer these rules. They are as follows: A. The Govt. which employers undertake for their workers on voluntary basis.

Intra-mural ii. maternity benefit. Labour Welfare is also classified under two categories i. (According to ILO) • . health services Occupational Safety etc. medical facilities. Extra-mural activities are welfare out side the establishments i. recreation facilities. canteens. Extra-mural.e. social insurance. rest rooms. (According to ILO) ii) Extra-mural activities: It includes services and amenities outside the factory. drinking water. i) Intra-mural activities: It includes services provided inside the factory premises. Intra-mural activities are welfare and amenities within the premise of the establishment are latrines and urinal facilities.B. education facilities. transport to and from place of work etc.

gratuity. Transport facility.General Classification: Labour welfare service is also classified under the following three heads in general based on type of services. Educational facility. . Provident Fund. insurance. a) Economic services Loans. social events etc. Co-operative store. b) Recreational services Sports and games. Pensions etc. c) Facilitative services Medical service. canteen. Legal counselling etc. housing.

2) Services available at the community level should always be watched to avoid the duplication of services so as to utilize them effectively for the welfare of their employees. 3) Employee’s welfare plans will be of no good if the wage. effort and sometimes money. These are foundations until this is sound.Principles of Labour Welfare 1) Every type of welfare service should be subjected to periodic review and evaluation so as to see the effectiveness of the existing services. structure and working conditions are bad. service plan should be delayed. . Free service is seldom appreciated. 4) A plan should not be taken up unless they are willing to support it with their time.

5) A plan should be started with minimum of financial allotment otherwise there is danger that employees will wonder whether or not plans are being financed at the expense of their low wages. 7) Administration of welfare service must be done jointly.he plans the programme. . reactions to management’s methods and practices. should only assist in a staff capacity. 6) Communication between worker and management should also be improved through suggestion system in order to obtain the views of employees. arranges technical services. the Labour Welfare Officer. mobilizes the existing resources and generates participation by workers.

The welfare service should be such as to avoid duplication. 5.1. 2. The above labour welfare principles can be stated in the following way: The welfare service should satisfy real needs of the worker. The welfare service should be such as can be handled best by a group approach. There should be periodical assessment or evaluation of welfare services for timely improvement on the basis of feedback. 7. 3. The welfare service should be established and implemented with the active support & cooperation of management and employees. The cost of the welfare service should be calculable and it’s financing established on a sound basis. Administration of welfare services must be done jointly . 6. 4.

The many of course. They are provided as benefits or services beyond the annual.Characteristics of Labour Welfare Programme: 1) They are of primary advantage and value to the employee. . 4) They provide a type of assistance or aid that an employee in his own initiative and as an individual either cannot or is not likely to secure. 2) They are distinctly supplemental to regular wages and salaries. monthly or hourly salary or wages. also prove helpful to the employer in getting and holding better employees but their immediate and most obvious value is to employees. 3) They are supported or financed in part of altogether by the employer.

Increased productivity 2. Reduced threat of further governmental intervention .Benefits fo Labour Welfare: 1. Reduced influence of unions 7. Lower turnover and absenteeism 5. More effective recruitment 3. Good public relations 6. Improved morale and loyalty 4.

High company income tax rates have also stimulated the offering of services . 5. Labour employer demands 3. Statutory requirements 4. Competition that forces other employers to match benefits to attract and keep Labour.Reasons for the rapid growth of Labour Welfare Programmes: • The rapid growth of welfare programme can be traced to such sources as: 1. A changed employee attitude 2.

was like a commodity. Commodity Concept: Wages were higher when the supply of labour as scarce in relation to the demand for labour and wages were low.Evoluation of Labour Welfare Concepts Most common concepts of labour welfare are described below: 1. affected by the law of supply and demand. when supply was substantially in excess of the demand for it. the price of which was determined by the supply and the demand for it. This gave rise to the idea that labour. .

The employers thus started to regard their employees largely as operating organisms or machine capable of a certain amount of out-put. so we can hire labour as cheaply as possible. . but the products the labour produced. so we can use and discard human labour.2. He determined the value of labour by the value of the goods and profit. Machinery Concept: The commodity conception overlooked the fact that the employer bought and sold. Just as we try to keep plant and equipment operating economically as long as possible and junk them for better when necessary. Just as we try to purchase machinery and plant with the lowest direct outlay. not the actual labour.

It was the duty of those who were in fortunate positions to assist those who are in need. Thus labour welfare was mainly based on human and religious motive and social workers were conceived as kind hearted persons who devoted their efforts to the care and protection of the needy and the distressed people of the society . Charity Concept: According to this. Charity was given for salvation of the donar or out of human sentiments and with pity towards the distrssed.3. the human sufferings were the manifestations of divine justice for the sin committed by the sufferers.

It is the attitude and the manner of installation that determine whether or not a management is peternal in its dealings with employees. The father makes the decision that the feels is the best for the child. the decision concerning what services to provide and how to provide them belongs solely to management. • Secondly. the profit motive should not be prominent in management’s decision to provide such employees services.Paternalistic Concept: • It is a concept that management started to assume a fatherly and protective attitude towards employees. . To be paternalistic. They should be offered because the management has decided that the employee needs them. • Firstly. • It is not believed that merely supplying many benefits such as housing. two characteristics are necessary. recreation and pensions make a management paternalistic. partially to suppress the movement of union. just as a parent decides what is good for his children.

industrial councils. Natural Resource Concept: • Some statesmen began to conceive of labour as natural resources. which the state should protect. Democratic Concept: • It is also know as citizenship concept. • The workers are considered as citizens of the industry in which they are employed and entitled to a right to have a voice in terminating the rules and regulations under which they work. . • Out of this conception came child labour laws.5. • The result of this realization was industrial democracy with its shop committee. employee representation plans and so on. workmen’s compensation and Health ans Safety Legislation. 6. restrictions of hours of women workers.

Recently. .7 Partnership Concept: The partnership relationships imply mutual responsibilities as well as the sharing of the fruits of the joint endeavors. profit sharing has come into prominence. Some argue that the partnership concept is fallaciousthat their can be no mutuality of interest between owner who are seeking large profits and workers who desire high wages that the two interests are incompatible and cannot be reconciled. The earliest efforts to translate this idea in to action were the fostering of stock-ownership plans.

. social welfare is conceived with a broad range of activities and programmes directed to human well-being. Social Welfare Concept: In the past. • The modern concept of social welfare is based on the recognition of the rights and worth of the individuals. • In short. became inadequate and unsatisfactory to meet the needs of modern societies. • It is characterized by an “organized effort through a range of programme. in course of time. This concept.8. services and agencies to promote social well-being and to prevent or alleviate social malfunctioning”. social welfare was mainly based on humanitarian and religious motives.

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