DRESSING and BANDAGE

DRESSING
 Any

sterile material used to directly cover a wound  Can be made out of cloth, gauze, or any available material  Used to control bleeding, absorb, or cover/protect an exposed affected part

TYPES
 Commercially
– – –

Available

Rolled gauze Gauze pads or sheets Adhesive strips

 Improvised

Cleanest possible material that can serve its purpose

BANDAGE and BANDAGING

BANDAGE
 Any

clean cloth used to hold dressing in place, to control bleeding, to immobilize an affected area or to hold a splint.

TRIANGULAR BANDAGE
 Usually

36-40” at base  Muslin or cotton made  Can be used as roller bandage, compression bandage, sling or tourniquet

GENERAL PRINCIPLES
 Apply

snugly  Always tie with a SQUARE KNOT  Check for swelling, discoloration and circulation before and after application  Careful  Accurate  Neatness  Speed

OPEN PHASE
 Top

of the head bandage  Front/back of the face  Front/back of the chest  Arm sling  Underarm sling

BROAD CRAVAT
 Abdominal

binder  Knee bandage

SEMI-BROAD CRAVAT
 Shoulder

or hip bandage  Arm or leg bandage  Elbow bandage (straight/bend)

NARROW CRAVAT
 Forehead

bandage  Eye bandage  Neck bandage  Ear, cheek and jaw  Palm bandage  Palm pressure bandage  Ankle bandage (with and without shoe)

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