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Terminological activity I: terminological documents– terminological record (models


The terminology record
There are different types of terminological products (ap. E. Blanchon):  DICTIONARIES: a repertory of lexical units containing semantic, notional, referential, grammatical and/or phonetic information  GLOSSARIES: a repertory defining / explaining old, rare or less well-known terms. A list of terms that pertains to a specific subject field, together with equivalents (but no definitions) in one or more languages. A monolingual list of difficult or specialized terms with their definitions, often placed at the back of a book.  LEXIKONS: a repertory of terms accompanied by their equivalents in one or several languages, which does not necessarily imply their definition

The terminology record

NOMENCLATURES: a repertory of terms deploying well-structured concepts designated and which are formed according to systematic formation rules THESAURI: language document based on a hierarchic structure of one/ several scientific domains, while the relations between the concepts are represented through symbols. VOCABULARIES: a repertory of terms belonging to a domain describing the concepts designated by those terms by means of definitions or graphic elements.

. BASIC PRINCIPLE: "one record per concept and one concept per record" DEFINITION: The terminological entry is the part of a terminological product which contains the terminological data related to one concept.The terminology record    Information must be entered on the record in accordance with the rules laid out in a recordcompletion guide that is applied to the entire database in question.

or records deleted from the database . or records added to the collection  modifications made to improve the existing records  cancellations.The terminology record TYPES OF TERMINOLOGICAL TRANSACTIONS in data entry:  new records.

.The terminology record  The entire set of records clarifies the RELATION CONCEPT – TERM : as many terminology records as there are nodes in the concept system.

 Predefined associative relation: RELATED_TO Examples:   tennis RELATED_TO racket football RELATED_TO goal (sports) .The terminology record Thesaurus relations:  Associative relations: a bidirectional relation between two terms that do not express the same concept but relate to each other.

The terminology record  Synonym relations: a bidirectional relation between two terms that have the same or similar meaning and can be used as alternatives for each other. for example. be used between a term and its abbreviation.  Predefined synonym relation: SYNONYM_OF Examples:  spot SYNONYM_OF stain . This relation can.

the relation can be used to look up either more specialized or more global terms. Depending on its direction. one of which has a broader (more global) meaning than the other.  Predefined hierarchical relations:   LOWER_THAN to model narrowing relations HIGHER_THAN to model broadening relations .The terminology record  Hierarchical relations: a unidirectional relation between two terms.

Density 322. Inorganic Matter 1. World 319. Elasticity . Levity Section II. Hardness 324. Softness 325. Rarity 323. Matter in General 316.The terminology record                Organization of general knowledge in a thesaurus (example – Roget’s Thesaurus) Class III. Solid Matter 321. Immateriality 318. Gravity 320. Materiality 317. Words Relating to Matter Section I.

Simple Quantity   Quantity (25) Degree (26) Equality (27) Inequality (28) Mean (29) Compensation (30) Greatness (31) Smallness (32) Superiority (33) Inferiority (34)  2.The terminology record SECTION III. Comparative Quantity      Quantity by comparison with a standard    Quantity by comparison with a similar object   . QUANTITY  1.

mouthful. some. [Definite or finite quantity. quantify. . general conception. enumerate. [Logic. amplitude. quantity. size &c. all of. mass. fully.] -. spoonful. dose. exactly. [Science of quantity. batch.] mathematics. (dimensions) 192. stock. universal predicament. Adj. magnitude.The terminology record         Quantity [25] #25.] category. V. the sum of. precisely. quantitative.N. fix. sum. measure. Adv. a full. amount. quantitative. mathesis[obs3]. to the tune of. force. any. estimate. lot. aught. measure. determine. more or less. handful. strength. yaffle[obs3].] armful. magnitude. [Absolute quantity. substance. quantum. Quantity. capful. a few.

Types of search:   Systematic Ad hoc  Types of records used in systematic searches:    Extraction records Terminology records Correspondence records .the starting points for organizing the information of a terminological search.The terminology record   records .

The terminology record    Extraction records: contain information on terms identified in the document sources (protocol will set the type of data that should be included) Terminology records: contain all the relevant information about a term (extracted from extraction records or the reference documentation). presentation is according to pre-established criteria Correspondence records: used to correlate the designations in several languages for a single concept .

and complementarity of the data. timeliness. DEFINITION (2): The terminology record is a medium for recording. conciseness. The main criteria for preparing a record are the validity.The terminology record   DEFINITION (1): The terminology record is a tool for synthesizing and organizing data. (The Pavel tutorial) . in a structured set of fields. the terminological data for a specialized concept.

 .The terminology record Consider the following examples: What type of information is given in the terminological record? Make a list.

The terminology record .

anexa II notă: brânză obţinută din lapte.pdf . 12 GLOSAR LAPTE ŞI PRODUSE LACTATE EN acid curd cheese FR fromage à caillé lavé RO brânză proaspătă de vaci sursa:  Check the following term in the IER glossary  SERIA ACQUIS COMUNITAR terminology record Check the term “vehicul cu acoperis” on the IATE European glossary at  Check the term “trawl” at http://www. prin acidifiere lactică la http://www.

definition and illustration. concept-related  2. term-related  3. technical/administrative  Concept-related data categories imply information on subject field. notation (information on concept system and relations). .The terminology record Types of Data Categories (8/10): data categories can be characterized as:  1.

regional variant. abbreviations. remarks. reference. Technical/Administrative data categories constitute for example date of creation or date of modification. code of reliability. among others. author (terminologist / reviser). register. grammatical information (gender. part of speech). company code. comments.The terminology record    Examples of term-related data categories are term (synonyms. [ISO:12620 Data Categories] . text category. . project code. etc.. context. client code. definition.).. source.

The terminology record Standard terminological records usually contain the following information (ap.T. M. 1999:124):  The identification of the term  Entry term  Source of term  Subject area(s)  Grammatical category (POS)  Definition  Source of definition . Cabre.

The terminology record           Context(s) Source of context(s) Cross reference to synonymous terms Concept of the cross reference Other type of cross reference Author of record Date of record Notes/observation Equivalents in other languages (indicating the language) Source of each equivalent .

The terminology record .

The terminology record .

The terminology record Terminology for Translators—an Implementation of ISO 12620 by Robert Bononno. . la http://lingchina.pdf 

a record includes at least two language modules. In comparative terminology. etc.The terminology record  A record is made up of fields. A field may contain an entry term. . a grammatical parameter. each of which contains the same series of fields corresponding to important data elements. Each field contains one particular type of data (or data element). an originator code.

se está enviando a todo el grupo de personas que lo forman. all text-type addresses.01. you specify a nickname. y cada vez que se envía un correo a un alias. which you can also change at any time. Carballar94: 112Unpackaged Data2) Data Categorie . long or short. a directory. Carballar94:122 Un alias representa a un grupo de personas. up to nine characters. Osborne94: 413 handle noun The nickname you assign yourself when conversing in discussion groups.TERM RECORD model 1  03. such as an email address.1997 -18:16:50 Walther 25. Fahey:7 Aliases in realtime chat are usually referred to as nicknames and handles nicknamenoun Synonym When you start an IRC session. alias noun m un nombre corto o apodo que se utiliza para enviar mensajes a aquellas direcciones de uso más frecuente.2000 -18:56:54 Wright 34 Network management alias 97/02/10 -10:29:28 Walther 97/02/10 10:29:28 Walther noun Main Entry Term shorter form of a long name. Falcón: 94 Use only in colloquial situations. or a command Fahey:7 Actually. are aliases of the IP address which is numerical only.02.

TERM RECORD model 2 .

TERM RECORD model 3 .

errors          Common Elementarity Errors (1) Error: en: term = United Nations (UN) Correct: en: term = United Nations term type = full form en: term = UN term type = acronym Combinability enables us to identify individual units of content: /term/ combines here with /term type/. .Presenting information in the term record .

Edition 2004. 10th. p. p.errors         Common Elementarity Errors (2) Error: definition = international organization that … (Merriam Webster. 256 Webster 2005 points to a shared resource (bibliographical entry) Combinability: Source can be used with a term or any text or graphics field.Presenting information in the term record . . 256) Correct: definition = international organization that … source = Webster 2005.

Data Modeling and Data Categories for Terminology Management. Kent State University. International Terminology Summer School 2009 . Sue Ellen Wright.

Granularity of information in the term record .

The terminology record: sample An NTRF record may look like this:          enTE English term POS noun frTE terme <GEND m> anglais enDEF typical definitions frequently contain cross-references to <RCON another term> CX A context where the English term is found SOURF Source-document-1 CREA 1996-10-24 HHj APPR 1996-11-03 CBE .

The terminology record: sample . Check a pair of term records ( m#FR  How is information organized? .7. Fr) at http://www.gc.The terminology record sample   Check Terminology Case Files and 1.termisti.3. Terminology Records at http://www.btb.5.

aspx) Check the type of information (number and type of fields) in glossaries such as WTO online (at and http://www.The terminology record sample  TASK 1.siemens.fao.gouv. Siemens glossary of Industrial Control Terms (at n/industrial-controls/products/Pages/Glossary.ornl.wto.qc. Human Genome glossary (at http://web. FAO Aquaculture at .gov/sci/techresources/Human_Genome/gl ossary. le Grand Dictionnaire Terminologique (at http://gdt.

Check the information provided for the term vin spumant in the IATE term record.The terminology record sample   TASK 2. detail documentation and sources and explain choice of fields. Create your own term record for a term of your choice ( I suggest review vs revision – which makes it TWO records…). . TASK 3.