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Complying with ALARA

## Time, Distance, Shielding

Less time, less dose
Greater distance, less dose
More shielding, less dose
Dose Formula
Intensity x Time = Distance

## I = Intensity (dose rate)

T = Time
D = Dose
IxT=D
Rate x Time = Distance
Time Problems
While an iridium192 source is in the
exposure, the dose rate (I) at the control
cable crank is 200 mR/hr. If you were to
remain standing at the crank for the entire
exposure , what would your dose be if the
exposure was twelve minutes?
Time Problems
Step 1: convert 12 minutes to hours
12 min
=0.2hours
60 min
hr

## Step 2: use the formula D = I x T

D = 200 mR/hr x 0.2 hours
D = 40 mR
Time Problems
If your exposure was 2 minutes ?
2 min
=0.033hours
60 min
hr

## D = 200 mR/hr x 0.033 hours

D = 6.6 mR
Time Problems
If your exposure was 30 seconds?
30 sec
=0.0083hours
3600 sec
hr

## D = 200 mR/hr x 0.0083 hours

D = 1.66 mR
Another Time Problem
A Gamma radiographic team of two individuals
must radiograph ten pipe girth welds at one
location. Each weld requires three exposures.
They have a 100-curie Iridium 192 source. During
the travel during the travel of the source from the
camera to the position in the collimator the
radiographer measures a dose rate of 500 mR/hr at
the crank. It takes five seconds to crank the source
in or out. If the radiographer cranked the source