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Mind sets
Stay Motivated 2012 Angela Dierks

Student Services

We would like to thank Napier University’s Centre for Confidence and Wellbeing for generously allowing us to use their resources.

Student Services What do you think: is intelligence innate? • Discuss in your small group whether you think that people are born smart or become smart? • Do you think that intelligence is something basic about you that can’t be changed or that you can always substantially change how intelligent your are? .ac.bbk. .ac. not born this way www.Student Services Two mind sets • People are born smart • People are made.

bbk.Student Services Winston Churchill •Repeated a grade in primary school •Was placed in the lowest division of the lowest grade .

uk/mybirkbeck .Student Services Ludwig van Beethoven His teacher called him a hopeless composer

www.Student Services Albert Einstein Was described as ‘academically subnormal’ .

Student Services .ac.bbk.

ac. Ability can change.Student Services There are two mindsets Fixed mindset: intelligence is . Growth mind: You become intelligent through learning. www. Ability cannot change.

uk/mybirkbeck . you can always change substantially. but the important parts of who you are can’t be • No matter what kind of person you are. • You can always change basic things about the way you are. • You can do things differently.bbk.Student Services What is your mindset? Do you agree with the following statements? • You are a certain kind of person and there isn’t much to be done to really change that. www.

uk/mybirkbeck .bbk.Student Services Your mindset • Creates a whole mental map for your related to your belief in ability • A study of children tested on their mindset showed that children who were praised for ability rather than effort did less well on their enjoyment and performance scores. • Our mind set is often the result of being praised for being clever as children rather than being praised for making an effort.

bbk.Student Services The motivational framework supporting mindsets includes • • • • Goals Responses Effort Strategies .ac.

what we aim for • Those with a FIXED MINDSET tend to create PERFORMANCE goals. • Receiving low marks mean that they are not smart.Student Services Goals .bbk. • They believe that a person’s POTENTIAL can be MEASURED. They aim to receive validation from others. • Both success and failure cause .

bbk.Student Services Responses – how do you react to a disappointing event? .ac.

Student Services Responses – thought record .

www.bbk. people with a FIXED mindset: • do not pay attention to learning information • get depressed.Student Services Responses – feeling helpless When faced with failure or . they’ll think • under-represent past successes and over-represent failures (pessimism) • explain the cause of events as something stable about them. become de-energised and lose selfesteem • denigrate their intelligence: ‘I am stupid’.ac.

ac. •Try out new ways of doing . this test was beyond my ability for now www.bbk. •When faced with tests which are impossible to pass they will factor in other reasons and not blame their intellect i. rather than focusing on how they feel. •Focus on what they are learning.e.Student Services Responses – mastering the situation When faced with failure or challenge. •Use self-motivating statements such as ‘ the harder it gets the harder I try’. and so do better on future tests. people with a GROWTH mindset: •Pay attention to learning information.

• Effort means lack of • If you have to work hard this indicates that you ‘don’t get it’. • When faced with challenge they try harder.EffortStudent Services Effort Fixed mindset • Effort is viewed as reflection of low intelligence.. .bbk. • Effort is associated with success and with overcoming difficulties. Growth mindset • Effort is a necessary part of success.

ac. • Then they disengage from the problem. they give up. www.Student Services Strategies – fixed mindset • Carol Dweck has found that students with a fixed mindset keep using the wrong strategy when faced with a problem. • .

bbk. • They will think ‘outside of the box’ to solve problems because they believe that they ‘can’. www. ways to do .ac. and new. • If one route doesn’t work they will try others.Student Services Strategies – growth mindset • People adopting a growth mindset tend to generate other.

Which one? #4: You are standing on the bank of an alligator infested river and have to get to the other side.Student Services Creative thinking Below are four simple questions.bbk. One of them is not Try to answer all of them before looking at the answers. #1: How do you put a giraffe into a fridge? #2: How do you put an elephant into a fridge? #3: The King of the Jungle is holding a meeting for all of the . What do you do? www.

After all. #3: The elephant. Nobody actually said that the fridge was not big enough to put a giraffe inside! #2 tests your ability to consider previous . www. #4: You swim across the river because all the alligators are attending the meeting. and then close the fridge. Who says that they are four separate questions? #3 simply tests your memory. #4 checks to see how quickly you learn. and close the fridge. #2: Open the fridge. The elephant is in the fridge. remove the giraffe.bbk. put the elephant inside. This is what the questions are trying to find out: #1 checks to see if you try to make simple things complicated and make assumptions about problem boundaries.Student Services Creative thinking And now for the answers to the four questions: #1: Open the fridge. you must have answered question 4 correctly. put the giraffe

www. 3. 4. Pay attention to your fixed mindset ‘voice’.ac.Student Services Change the way you think . 2. Talk back with your growth mindset ‘voice’. Recognise that you have a choice.bbk. Take the growth mindset action.

Student Services Some learning from neuroscience All of the areas of the brain …like . communication. problem-solving… are made of cells called NEURONS They transmit information around the brain.

Student Services Some learning from neuroscience Neurons pass information through connection with other neurons at synapses: .ac.bbk.

bbk.Student Services Some learning from neuroscience The more we learn the more connections our neurons make: .ac.

www.bbk. This is called learning.Student Services Some learning from neuroscience Look at babies: their brain has to develop millions of .ac.

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