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World War II

European Theater

Pacific Theater

Period 3
12/1/2013

June 1941 Operation Barbarossa

July 1942 Battle of El Alamein

July 1943 Sicily

June 1944 D-Day

April 1945 Battle of Berlin

April 1945 Capture of Mussolini

January 1945 Fuhrerbunker

September 1939 Battle of the Atlantic

November 1942 Operation Torch

August 1942 Battle of Stalingrad

January 1944 Italy/Monte Casino

December 1944 Battle of the Bulge

Berlin

Fuhrerbunker

12/1/2013

April Bataan Death March

August June Battle of Battle of Guadalcanal Midway

1942

February Battle of Iwo Jima

1945
April Battle of Okinawa

August Hiroshima/ Nagasaki

1944
February Battle of Java Sea May May Battle of Coral Fall of the Philippines Sea

October Battle of Leyte Gulf

Bataan Death March

12/1/2013

net/accounts/skylib/oralhist/Aldeguer/>."Rosalina Baro. 2011. <http://www.NET Redirection Page. Web. 26 Oct." SMCCD.smccd. .

The result was the most successful rescue mission ever recorded." . General Colin Powell. The horrible tragedy is that thousands of innocent defenseless prisoners of war and civilian internees were being slaughtered before we could rescue them. While there were only 243 prison guards.  Chief of Staff and former Secretary of State. All the prisoners were rescued and only two Americans were killed and two wounded. 130 strong.We were winning the World War II. Troops from the American 11th Airborne Division.147 men. proclaimed: "I doubt that any airborne unit in the world will ever be able to rival the Los Baños prison raid. women and children all destined to be executed unless we could free them.000 enemy marines within striking distance. there were over 8. There was no question the Philippines would soon be free again. The Los Banos interment camp held over 2. It is the textbook airborne operation for all ages and all armies. under the command of MG Swing accepted the challenge.

Hitler seized on the idea of invading Russia and issued the directive. Operational orders were given in January 1941. the twelfth century Prussian King who was prophesied to rise from his grave and restore Germany to world power.The High Command developed plans for an invasion as part of their routine operations. . First called Fritz and then Directive 21. renaming it Operation Barbarossa in honor of Frederick I.

000 American and Filipino prisoners of war from Corregidor were marched through the streets of Manila to incarceration at Fort Santiago and Bilibid Prison. Army and Navy nurses (the “Angels of Bataan and Corregidor") continued to work on Corregidor for several weeks. and were then sent to Santo Tomas. . criminal detention centers turned POW camps. the turning point in the Pacific war. while the defenders suffered 800 dead and 1.000 wounded.  U. resulted in losses of about 900 dead and 1.  About 4.000 of the 11.200 wounded.S. The Japanese losses sustained from 1 January -30 April and from the initial assault landings on 5 -6 May.  Corregidor's defeat marked the fall of the Philippines and Asia. and at Guadalcanal. Its advance was ultimately checked at the battle for New Guinea. but Imperial Japan's timetable for the conquest of Australia and the rest of the Pacific was severely upset.

youtube.com/watch?v=ssSDELFWdYc .http://www.

yolasite.r:9.yolasite.com/resources/sicily_map.jpg.php&docid=s3pAbJbkeCIc0M&imgurl=http://ophusky.0s806x580.jpg&w=806&h=580&ei=gLymTr_jKaXg0QGjq8n8DQ&zoom=1&iact=rc&dur=1689&sig=112444474703880750514&page=1&tbnh=129 &tbnw=179&start=0&ndsp=32&ved=1t:429.com/imgres?q=capture+of+mussolini+map&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=929&tbm=isch&tbnid=qPggbI642FrfdM:&imgrefurl=http: //ophusky.CAPTURE OF MUSSOLINI Beginning of World War 2 How Mussolini died Video of him captured His quote Mussolini and his girlfriend Hitler taking over.google. http://www.s:0&tx=95&ty=73 .opt806x580o 0.com/generalinformation.

was an Italian politician who led the National Fascist party and is credited with being one of the key figures of Fascism. they decided to execute Mussolini and 15 leading Fascists in retaliation. The Partisans took him prisoner and he was later joined by his girlfriend. . http://www. Mussolini led Italy into World War 2 on the side of the Axis siding with France against Germany in the early 1930s.com/operationsphinx/&docid=OEyBcbsG6ZPqqM&imgurl=http://hitlertriumphant. at Mezzegra.wordpress.jpg&w=416&h=452&ei=gLymTr_jKaXg 0QGjq8n8DQ&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=189&vpy=316&dur=4828&hovh=234&hovw=215&tx=137&ty=133&sig=112444474703880750514&page= 3&tbnh=169&tbnw=156&start=54&ndsp=21&ved=1t:429. They found him in the back of a truck wearing a private’s overcoat over his striped general's pants.files. Dictator Benito Mussolini attempted to escape the Allied Army by hiding in a German convoy headed toward the Alps.BEGINNING OF WORLD WAR 2 • On June 10th 1940.com/imgres?q=capture+of+mussolini+map&um=1&hl=en&biw=1280&bih=929&tbm=isch&tbnid=qFeEHbE3fD3gQM:&imgrefu rl=http://hitlertriumphant. • Benito Mussolini . Partisans stopped and searched the convoy at Dongo.google.s:54 Mussolini and Hitler shaking hands.wordpress.com/2010/11/mussolini.r:5. Clara Petacci. Believing the war would be short. The last few days of the war in Italy. he declared war on France and the United Kingdom in order to gain territories in the peace treaty that would soon follow it. The council lead by the Communists.

He built roads. He wanted wealth and was hungry for power.r:0. he was flying to Germany to meet up with Hitler to talk about the Axis powers. Many landowners and bank owners supported him. He formed a secret police called Cheka to kill or threaten anyone who went against him and who was with the socialisms. or threatened.google. people started to see what kind of a ruler he was. http://www.wikia. school.s:0 . From those days. Many Italians feared him and had no choice and vote for him at a government choosing thing for if they didn't they would get arrested. then when he was at the height of the power.com/imgres?q=mussolini&um=1&hl=en&sa=N&biw=1280&bih=929&tbm=isch&tbnid=dMcLaK3A5cE2rM:&imgrefurl=http://alt history. But.jpg&w=652&h=914&ei=GV6pTpO6JoLY0QHOhNSuDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=192&vpy=169&dur=1083&hovh=266&hovw=190&tx=10 4&ty=106&sig=112444474703880750514&page=1&tbnh=178&tbnw=137&start=0&ndsp=26&ved=1t:429.com/wiki/Benito_Mussolini_(Central_Victory)&docid=qCLhKTY5pePb0M&imgurl=http://images.MUSSOLINI • This clip is about Mussolini talking with Hitler and getting captured. he changed his political party to Fascist Party.wikia. killed. Mussolini was a man of a iron heart.com/althistory/images/5/5c/M ussolini. and many other buildings when he had power.

com/ItalyWW2/ILDUCE/Mussolini.htm .MUSSOLINI • Mussolini and 15 leading Fascists were executed on April 29. http://www.custermen. They were all put on display for people to see and to thank them for killing them. 1945 and their bodies were hung at an Esso gas station in the Piazzale Loerto in Milan.

brainyquote. All nations and all empires first felt decadence gnawing at them when their birth rate fell off.MUSSOLINI’S FAMOUS QUOTE The fate of nations is intimately bound up with their powers of reproduction.com/quotes/authors/b/benito_mussolini.html . ~Benito Mussolini www.

s:0 .custermen. The body of Starace was strung up next to the body of Mussolini.com/ItalyWW2/ILDUCE/Mussolini.MUSSOLINI AND HIS GIRLFRIEND. who once said of Mussolini "He is a god.custermen. The bodies were then stoned by civilians from below. the bodies were hung upside down on meathooks from the roof of an Esso gas station.com/ItalyWW2/ILDUCE/Mussolini4. and spat upon.com/imgres?q=mussolini%27s+death&hl=en&sa=X&biw=1280&bih=929&tbm=isch&prmd=imvn s&tbnid=RNYKMsCJAZ2O8M:&imgrefurl=http://www.htm&docid=_TKyjdnPwCW2M&imgurl=http://www.r:0. http://www.jpg&w=500&h=305&ei=2g2oTof2E KT30gHNPigDg&zoom=1&iact=hc&vpx=184&vpy=206&dur=526&hovh=175&hovw=288&tx=205&ty=92&sig=1124 44474703880750514&page=1&tbnh=134&tbnw=219&start=0&ndsp=24&ved=1t:429."saluted what was left of his leader just before he was shot. Starace. The corpse of the deposed leader became subject to ridicule and abuse. CLARA PETTACI • After being shot. kicked. This was done both to discourage any Fascists from continuing the fight and as an act of revenge for the hanging of many partisans in the same place by Axis authorities. Fascist loyalist Achille Starace was captured and sentenced to death and then taken to the Piazzale Loreto and shown the body of Mussolini.google.

Eva Braun. • . Mussolini's body was taken down and buried in a secret grave in Musoco Cemetery. he vowed he would not let this happen to him. A few days later Hitler watched his new wife. the police released the body and in September 1957 his remains were buried in a private ceremony at the family. In keeping with his orders.HITLER’S NOW IN CONTROL • Now that Mussolini the leader of the Axis powers is dead. After many requests by Donna Rachele. Almost a year later he was exhumed and his remains placed in a small trunk which was hidden for 10 years by the police. Mussolini's wife. their bodies were placed in a shell hole outside his Berlin bunker and burned. it’s Hitler’s time for control to help defeat Italy. When Hitler heard how Mussolini had been executed and put on public display. drink some poison and then he shot himself in the mouth.

 Battle of Iwo Jima Anthony Peiffer    Battle description Americans support Aftermath of the battle Video slide .

The U. resulted in some of the fiercest fighting in the Pacific Campaign of World War II. invasion. charged with the mission of capturing the three airfields on Iwo Jima. .  Iwo Jima was a island taken over by the Americans from the empire of Japan.S.

18 . Americans were covered by extensive naval and air support. and were able to deliver an enormous amount of firepower onto the Japanese positions.

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800 dead.060 Japanese soldiers entrenched on the island. Only 216 were captured during the battle. including 6. The 36-day Iwo Jima assault resulted in more than 26. Of the 22. . 21.844 died either from fighting or by ritual suicide.000 American casualties. According to The official Navy Department Library website.

org/wiki/Bat tle_of_Leyte_Gulf#Allied_Losses>. .   Objectives Biggest naval battle of WW2 The battle Relevance to war  <http://en.wikipedia.

It was fought near the Philippine islands of Leyte. the Battle of Surigao Strait.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leyte _Gulf#Allied_Losses>. the Battle of the Sibuyan Sea.  <http://en.wikipedia. The battle of Leyte was also known as “the second battle of the Philippine sea” and is considered to be the largest naval battle of WW2. Samar from 23– 26 October 1944. . the Battle off Cape Engano and the Battle off Samar.  The Battle of Leyte Gulf created four major naval battles.

youtube.com/watch?v=OyeiEaiu vas . http://www.

. Japan is also cut off from all its occupied territories in Southeast Asia.S sixth army. The Japanese navy suffered their biggest loss of ships and crew ever.   The battle of Leyte Gulf secured the beachheads of the U. <http://en.wikip edia.org/wiki/B attle_of_Leyte_G ulf#Allied_Losse s>.

  The U.org/wiki/Battle_of_Leyte_Gulf#Allied_Losses>. . Hoel. Johnston. USS Samuel B. USS Gambier Bay. Roberts <http://en. St.wikipedia. The 6 ships that were lost were the USS Princeton.S lost 6 ships and 4 others were damaged. Lo.

.BATTLE OF BERLIN • • Comparison of arms Significance of the battle of Kursk • Casualties and survivors • Hitler’s Suicide • Video Web.

230 700 1.00 0 28. .Germany Russia COMPARISON OF ARMS Soldiers Artillery Tanks Aircraft 596. 2011.uk/battle_for_berl in. Web.300 10.historylearningsite. 27 Oct.000 3.670.300 1.htm>." History Learning Site. <http://www.000 • This is the comparison of arms between Germany and Russia. "The Battle for Berlin.500 8.co. • One of the reasons why Germany lost was because they lacked a greater defense.

BATTLE OF KURSK • Berlin had many battles fought on its land.historyofwar." Military History Encyclopedia on the Web. html>. <http://www. 27 Oct. • Before the Battle of Berlin the Battle of Kursk was fought there. 2011. • This made the land very inhabitable and harder to prepare for battle • This made it easier for the USSR to win the battle against Germany "Battle for Berlin: April – May 1945.org/articles/battles_berlin. Web. .

000 civilians • There were approximately 405.CASUALTIES AND SURVIVORS • In the battle of Berlin there were many fatalities and survivors.251 sick or wounded The total fatalities were 361." Wikipedia. "List of Battles by Casualties. Web.373 survivors. 26 Oct. 2011. the Free Encyclopedia. <http://en.org/wiki/List_of_battles_by_cas ualties>.116 dead or missing 280.wikipedia.367 soldiers and 22. . • • • 81.

HITLER’S SUICIDE • Adolph Hitler ended up committing suicide just before the Battle of Berlin was declared over. • This was because he knew that the Russians had won and feared the torture he would endure if they caught him http://answers.yahoo.com/question/index?qid=20100 601224357AAtoSRl .

" YouTube Broadcast Yourself. 2011. .youtube.YOUTUBE . 27 Oct.COM/WATCH?V=EDXC MUQHEGS • In this short video it shows the different types of arms that were used. <http://www.YouTube.HTTP://WWW. Also where both sides infiltrated Berlin.com/watch?v=eDxCMuQhegs >. Web. "Battle of Berlin 1945 .

Battle of Coral Sea  Early life  Weapons that were used during the Battle of coral sea.  Video of the battle  The significance of the battle.  Background of the battle. .

Story of the Battle of Coral Sea  Fought southwest of the Solomon Islands and eastward from New Guinea. Floyd. 2011.  The first of the Pacific War's six fights between opposing aircraft carrier forces. 1942 in the Coral Sea.microworks. Web.net/pac ific/battle/coral_sea." » Maintenance Mode. 25 Oct. <http://www.  The Battle of the Coral Sea was fought between the Japanese and Allied navies from May 4 through May 8.htm> .  The first major check on the great offensive they had begun five months earlier at Pearl Harbor. "Battle of the Coral Sea. Mack.

Japanese forces moved through the Pacific and southeastern Asia while defeating the Allies.S. "Battle of the Coral Sea .World War II Battle of the Coral Sea.  In April 1942. Hickman. then flew on to China as the American carriers returned to Pearl Harbor. 2011.Weapons of War . <http://militaryhistory.Background  From December of 1941 to the spring of 1942. Web.S. 25 Oct.Battles and Conflicts . bombed Tokyo.  The planes took off 650 miles from Japan. five months after the Japanese had battered the American fleet at Pearl Harbor.htm>. Lt.Military Leaders in History.about.Warfare through the Ages . Colonel Doolittle loaded sixteen B-25 bombers onto the carrier U. Kennedy. Hornet and went for Japan. .com/od/worldwari1/p/coralsea ." Military History .

Web. 25 Oct." Military History . 2011.Military Leaders in History.  67 transport ships had also been lost.com/od .  379 lives  Aircrafts and naval ships. "Battle of the Coral Sea .about.Weapons of War .Weapons  Japanese Navy only lost 23 warships and none had been larger than a destroyer. Kennedy.Warfare through the Ages . Hickman. <http://militaryhistory.Battles and Conflicts .World War II Battle of the Coral Sea.

" Naval History and Heritage Command.history. Navy would increase over time as the technology improved and the Allies learned how to employ it more effectively.mil/photos/events/wwiipac/coralsea/coralsea.S.  Radar gave the Americans a limited advantage in this battle. 26 Oct. "Battle of the Coral Sea. but its value to the U. 2011. .  Instead. Web.Significance  The battle was the first battle that never fired at each other. manned aircraft acted as the offensive artillery for the ships involved.navy.htm>. <http://www.

.Youtube Video  The Coral Sea holds great historical significance for Australia and the United States. In May 1942. it was the scene of a naval battle that reversed the tide of World War II in the Pacific. The Protect Our Coral Sea campaign has produced an 8-minute documentary in honor of those who fought and died in the Battle of the Coral Sea.

org/>. Battle significance.wikipedia. 2011. * Wikipedia. Description of numbers of men and weapons used. Web. Explanation of the battles main events. the Free Encyclopedia. .• • • • • • Location of battle. <http://en. Hyperlinked Video. 26 Oct.

Battle Significance • The significance of the battle was to push the Germans back further into their own territory and for the Allies to gain more ground .

the Free Encyclopedia. <http://en.wikipedia. 2011. Allies gathered 20 divisions for a major attack along a twenty mile front and drove the German defenders from their positions but at a high cost • *Wikipedia. • Battles lasted from January 17th of 1944 to May 18th of 1944 • Last assault. Web.Battle Overview 2. 26 Oct. .org/>.

Web. <http://en.Battle Overview • Costly series of four battles • Fought by Allies against the Germans and Italians • Fought to break the Axis Winter Line and seize Rome • *Wikipedia. 26 Oct. . the Free Encyclopedia. 2011.org/>.wikipedia.

26 Oct." History Wars Weapons.000 Germans died • Artillery was used to pound defensive positions • Allied bombers bombed the monastery that the Germans were hiding in • * "Battle of Monte Cassino | History Wars Weapons.com/battle-of-montecassino/>. <http://historywarsweapons. Web.000 Allies died in the battle and over 20. • Over a 100. 2011. .Battle Overview 3.

MONTE CASSINO BATTLE WW2 YouTube .

Battle of El Alamein Description by Collin Seagriff .

and gaining access to the Middle Eastern oil fields The First Battle of El Alamein had slowed the Axis advance.100 tanks under Montgomery made their move against the 115.Battle of El Alamein • It ended Axis hopes of occupying Egypt. taking control of the Suez Canal.000 men and 559 tanks of Panzer Army Africa. 220.000 men and 1. • • Eighth Army was ready to strike. .

• .Battle of El Alamein • Show how all the army's came at each other and what routs they took to get there. It shows where the axis powers attacked from and what direction the came to Africa from.

The Elbow Telescope M16 was from a M2A1 howitzer.M 702 TANK • • they were deployed during the battle for El Alamein. The cannon which is a M1A2 105mm L/22.5 howitzer. was controlled by 6 men and 6 in reserve. which was mounted on an M7 'Priest' selfpropelled gun. • .

303 British bullets Easy to rebuild 3 piece weapon • • • Action Stock Barrel .Enfield 303 British • • • Shot .

Battle of El Alamein (story) • Battle for western desert campaign during WWII • Between Axis forces ( Germany. . Italy) and Panzer army Africa • Battle halted second advance by Axis forces into egypt.

COM/WAT CH?V=10Q9-O6_YPK .YOUTUBE.this video is a short summery of the battle and the significance of it in WWII HTTP://WWW.

The significance of this battle is the African forces were able to keep the Axis forces out of Egypt for a second invasion. .

Soldiers/Weapons General Information Hitler’s Plan Allies Retaliation General von Mellenthin’s Thoughts Informational Video Relevance to the War .

" History Learning Site. December.htm> . Web.500 Wounded  23. wounded Britain:  200 Killed  1. 27 Oct.co.historylearningsite.Soldiers/Weapons Americans:  Dwight D. missing/captured.000 Men  1.000-100. <http://www. 2011.000 civilians killed 22nd.000 Killed  47.900 Guns  67.300 Tanks  394 Guns  19.000-500. Eisenhower (Supreme Allied Comander)  840.800 Tanks  1.uk/battle_of_the_ bulge.000 Captured Germans:  Adolf Hitler  200.200 Wounded or missing Other:  Approximately 3.000 Killed. "The Battle of the Bulge.000 Men plus some  1.

1944 Last offensive attack by Germany in WWII Hitler’s attempt to destroy the alliance between Britain.org/wiki/Battle_of_the_Bulge>." Wikipedia. <http://en. the Free Encyclopedia. 27 Oct. Early.General Information        The battle of the Bulge took place during 1944-1945 Started on December 16th. and America Hitler primarily focusing on America The attack was initially known as Ardennes Offensive but turned into the Battle of the Bulge Largest battle the Americans were in.wikipedia. "Battle of the Bulge. 2011. in WWII October. France. Web. .

it lasted all of two days then." History Learning Site. Web. .Hitler ’s Plan      Sepp Dietrich who was the leader of the Sixth Panzer Army was told to attack and capture Antwerp Manteuffel who was the leaded of the Fifth Panzer Army was to attack the center of American force zone To block any Allied attack they had the Fifteenth Army ready to retaliate Hitler’s plan started out as a success since it was a surprise attack on the allies and they were not prepared plus.htm>. December. "The Battle of the Bulge. 2011. the weather was on his side. 27 Oct. <http://www.co. it was bad conditions for any sort of air attacks His success plummeted quickly.uk/battle_of_the_ bulge. the Germans ran out of fuel 22nd.historylearningsite.

. 27 Oct. the allies began to attack the Germans  There really was not a possible way for the Germans to win this battle they were out numbered.The United States Army. Web. It was all false hope of Hitler to separate the allied countries. <http://www.Allies Retaliation December 22nd.  "Battle of the Bulge ." The Official Home Page of the United States Army | The United States Army.army. did not have the supplies necessary for the attacks. the weather became clear and they were able to use their air weapons the next day.mil/botb/>. 2011.

and nothing was available to ward off the impending catastrophe in the east.What General von Mellenthin Thought of Hitler’s Plan "The Ardennes battle(AKA Battle of the Bulge)drives home the lesson that a large-scale offensive by massed armor has no hope of success against an enemy who enjoys supreme command of the air." . Our precious reserves had been expended.

. an interview of a member of the army during that time and he explains the main struggles they had. some of the weapons they used.http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=8a8fqGpHgsk The video link above explains the conditions the Battle of the bulge was fought in.

and will.What Winston Churchill has to say “This is undoubtedly the greatest American battle of the war. I believe be regarded as an ever-famous American victory.” -Winston Churchill .

D-Day Sword beach Juno Beach Primary source Other Importance .

Sword Beach • The British bombed some Germans and managed to take a casino .

Juno Beach • When the Canadians landed on Juno Beach they had a hard time but still managed to get past the Germans and made more progress in to France than any of there allies. .

Primary Source
• • • • When byrne dropped out of east tech high school to enlist, he worried he might miss all the fighting. "I was a gung-ho one," he recalled. The navy unit seemed to be a perfect fit. "I wanted to build and fight, and that's what the seabees were," he said. "I'm a nut for construction. I love the way it all fits together, like my old days playing with my erector set in the living room." And even when briefed that his unit might suffer heavy casualties during the invasion, byrne said he just shrugged, "that's war. C'est la guerre, as my father used to say." Starting on d-day, byrne was among more than 10,000 seabees who fabricated pontoon causeways and offshore docking facilities used to transport troops, vehicles and supplies from ship to shore. At times the task had to be accomplished under enemy fire. "We were told this would probably be one of the greatest engineering feats of world war ii," byrne said. He remembers that june 6 as a frenetic combination of cargo and clamor, as shells and planes arced overhead. "Everything was boom, boom, boom, boom, boom. You didn't have time to stop and think. You just kept moving," byrne said. "Other guys might've been a little scared, but I didn't see any of them run away. There was no place to run to begin with. "The firing never ended," he added. "All day long, all night long, bombs going off all over the place." Works cited "Local veterans recall d-day struggle on land and sea: world at war." Interview. Weblog post. Web.

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• • •

Other
• http://military.discovery.com/videos/82ndairborne-division-d-day.html

Impact
• This Battle had a very big impact on the war because this marked the day when the allied forces with the help of French rebels started to turn the tide in there favor.

• • • • •

US plan bombing Hiroshima US plan bombing Nagasaki Deaths Personal Account Outcome of nuclear weapons

"Atomic Bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki." Wikipedia, the Free Encyclopedia. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Atomic_bombings _of_Hiroshima_and_Nagasaki#The_bombing >.

. make Japan surrender unconditionally with the terms of the Potsdam Declaration  Area was larger than 3 miles in diameter    Important in large urban area .   Date decided by clouds previously obscured the target 1 hour before bombing Japanese detected US aircraft.  Set off a warning but there was only a small formation ○ Warning was cancelled William Parsons armed bomb Morris Jeppson removed safety 30 minutes before reaching target  Goal of bombing.Bombing Hiroshima Continued.

000  All records were burned from the bombing    Only nuclear weapon event in war to date Kokura & Nagasaki were alternative targets The gravity bomb “Little boy” hit on August 6. 1945  43 seconds to hit the ground from aircraft .Bombing Hiroshima    Known for industrial and military significance  Many camps were nearby including HQ of Fifth Division One of several Japanese cities left untouched by US bombing Population was estimated to be 340.000-350.

Bombing Nagasaki     Known for largest sea ports in southern Japan Great wartime importance  Wide industrial activity     Old fashioned building made with wood frames Nagasaki was never subjected to a large-scale bombing before North of Nagasaki a camp was holding British Commonwealth prisoners of war “Fat Man” was the nuclear bomb Plan was identical to the first to bomb Hiroshima Bomb already armed  Charles W. Sweeney .

Bombing Nagasaki Continued.      Originally planned to bomb Kokura  Clouds covering area made mission impossible Three runs over Kokura  Secondary plan to bomb Nagasaki Air raid alert was given  Hour and a half later “all clear” was given “Fat Man” dropped over industrial valley Exploded 43 seconds after being dropped  Temperature of explosion estimated to be 7.000 ˚F  Winds up to 624mph ..

1945  One section of Japan was left untouched  Every August 6th thousands gather at Peace Memorial Park ○ Candles in paper lanterns float the river in front of the park .Happenings After  Japan surrendered to the Allied Powers  Radio Broadcast ○ September 2.

Deaths From Nuclear Weapons  Little Boy Hiroshima  90.000 died total four months after bombing  70.000 died total four months after bombing  75.000-166.000-80.000 people died directly after bombing  Nagasaki  60.000 people died directly after bombing • Fat Man roughly half the deaths the first day • 60% died from flash or flame burns • 30% died from falling debris • 10% died from other causes .

  After affects of Nuclear Weapons "I realize the tragic significance of the atomic bomb. We thank God that it has come to us.. instead of to our enemies. It is an awful responsibility which has come to us. and we pray that He may guide us to use it in His way and for His purposes. 1945 . Truman.." -President Harry S. August 9.

Operation Torch
1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. 7. Motivations Strategy Troops Weapons Video Personal Account Significance to the war

Motivations
• Allies want more control of the Mediterranean Sea to move war materials • It was thought to be an easy victory and it was America’s first battle in Europe of the war • Gave allied access to the “Soft underbelly” of Europe • Tested out new forms of warfare such as amphibious attack and Para trooping

"Operation Torch." History Learning Site. Historylearningsite.co.uk, 2007. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.historylearningsite.co.uk/operation_torch.htm>.

Strategy
• Simultaneous attack on multiple sights • Amphibious boats driven by specially trained sailors would drop off troops • Troops were to penetrate key locations at Oran, Safi, and Algiers • It was hoped the Axis would quickly surrender

"Operation Torch." Spartacus Educational. Spartacus Educational Fund. Web. 26 Oct. 2011. <http://www.spartacus.schoolnet.co.uk/2WWtorch.htm>.

<http://www. mainly comprised of Vichy French • Death Toll: over 1.World & US History Online. 27 Oct." History Net: Where History Comes Alive .Troops • Three Allied Task Forces were created to penetrate these cities – Western Task Force had 35.000 Troops • There were 60.000 Axis Troops in the area.historynet.000 Troops – Central Task Force had 18. 8 Nov.com/operationtorch-allied-invasion-of-north-africa. HistoryNet. . 2006. Web.htm>.815 "Operation Torch: Allied Invasion of North Africa.000 Troops – Eastern Task Force had 20. 2011.

HistoryNet. .htm>. introducing the PARA units in ww2 • Axis – Troops were underprepared and had no heavy artillery or mines on hand." History Net: Where History Comes Alive . 27 Oct. 2011. most being in Europe – Well trained and well equipped snipers hit allied soldiers "Operation Torch: Allied Invasion of North Africa. 8 Nov. 2006.historynet. as they hoped for a quick surrender – Used paratroopers dropping into the cities. <http://www.World & US History Online.Weapons • Allies – Did no bombing in the area before the attack as was standard at they time. Web.com/operationtorch-allied-invasion-of-north-africa.

Video • Video of Operation Torch highlighting it from the point of view of General Patton To watch click here .

Personal Account A firsthand account of Operation Torch given by a member of the attacking army to read click here .

Web. <http://www. . 2008.Significance to the War • • • • Marked the entrance of American Armed Forces into the European aspects of WW2 Utilized the same sort of amphibious beach landing that would be put into play at Normandy on D-Day American’s used paratrooper regiments in new. Inc. Framento. 2011.com/evt/view. 28 Oct.Explore and Create Free Timelines. effective ways Gave Allies greater control over trade in the area "Battles of WWII | Operation Torch | Event View.aspx?id=750403>.xtimeline.." Xtimeline .

• About Operation Husky • The weapons used for the battle • Importance of the war • James Gavin • After War .

Allied Invasion of Sicily. This was the start of the second part of the war. and took if from Italy and Germany.wikipedia. <http://en." Wikipedia. 26 Oct.Operation Husky : Allies invasion of Sicily. On the 9th and 10th of July the allied forces attacked Sicily.org/wiki/Allied_invasio . That was also known as World War II. 2011. the Free Encyclopedia. Web.

26 Oct.wikipedia. Web. . 2011. the Free Encyclopedia.• During the war they used air craft for part of the bombing • They used the naval and invaded part of the Mediterranean sea • They also used tanks and guns Allied Invasion of Sicily. <http://en." Wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_invasion_of_ Sicily>.

" Wikipedia. 2011. .• The importance of the war was not let the allied naval to take over the Mediterranean Sea • They also bombed Sicily • They were basically trying to take Sicily out of Italian and German control • This was basically the place where they held WWII Allied Invasion of Sicily.wikipedia. <http://en. 26 Oct. Web. the Free Encyclopedia.org/wiki/Allied_invasion_of_ Sicily>.

• This is the video that sums up what basically what happens in the invasion of Sicily also know as Operation Husky. .

_Gavin>. 28 Oct. Gavin. 2011. the Free Encyclopedia.wikipedia. Web.org/wiki/James_M. . <http://en." Wikipedia.• He was one of the man in charge that drove the airplanes • He was one of the first to jump from the planes • When he landed he had no idea where he landed and where is group was so they walked all night • He finally found where he was secured • When the war was over he got an award for Distinguished Service Cross "James M.

wikipedia.310 men • German lost about 20.568 men.968 men." Wikipedia.org/wiki/Allied_invasion_of_ Sicily>.000 casualties • US lost a total of 9. . 26 Oct. Web. the Free Encyclopedia. Canada lost 2. 2011.• Sicily cost the Allies almost 25.000 • The Allied was forced to improve interservice coordination Allied Invasion of Sicily. <http://en. British total 12.

August 23 rd 1942 – February 2 nd 1943 .

 Basics of the Battle  Attack Stalingrad  Aftermath  Casualties .

 Major Battle of WWII  Soviet Union & Germany  Germany wanted control of the city Stalingrad  The red army preparing for battle against the Germans .

Soviets reached Volga  The air attacks were getting the best of the USSR  Months later as Soviet Union was weakening dramatically winter came  Germans could not take the cold  Soviets turned around and one the battle .000 casualties  By end of August. Soviets were weaker than Germany  But they were plenty warned  Germany had a strategic bombing  Leaving 40.

 This was a turning point for both Germany and the Soviet Union  Germans realized they couldn’t always get what they wanted  The USSR was fully involved in WWII after this battle .

1. The battle of Stalingrad was one of the bloodiest battles in the history of warfare.7-2 million casualties Only a small percentage of the casualties in Stalingrad .

the Free Encyclopedia. "Battle of Stalingrad. 1943. .wikipedia." Wikipedia. Early February. 28 Oct. Web. 2011.org/wiki/Battle_of_Stalingrad>. <http://en.

• The Battle Overview • Tactical and Technical Fixes • The Athenian .

<http://en. Web.org/wiki/Battle_of_ the_Atlantic_>. ." Wikipedia.• This battle most the longest battle of the war • The battle went from 1939 to 1945 when Germany fell • It was between Axis powers such as Germany and Italy and the Allies • Allies were victorious because the German "Battle of the Atlantic. the Free blockade failed Encyclopedia. 2011. 28 Oct.wikipedia.

• Introduced flak boats which stayed surfaced and shoot planes down rather than evade • Allies introduced new radars such as the Wanze • The Germans got smart and started making decoys for the radar systems • The development of torpedoes was improved "Battle of the Atlantic. 2011. <http://en. 28 Oct. the Free Encyclopedia. ." Wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_ the_Atlantic_>.wikipedia. Web.

1939 the Athenia was torpedoed by the German submarine • The submarine was the U30 • The 93 passengers were killed in the explosion were some of the first people killed in WW2 • Barney Copland was the first officer of the Athenia "BBC .WW2 People's War ." BBC . 2011. .uk/ww2peopleswar /stories/83/a2035883. <http://www. 28 Oct.Homepage.• On September 3.The Athenia.co.shtml>. Web.bbc.

"The Battle of the Atlantic . Web. <http://www.youtube.YouTube. 2011.Broadcast Yourself.com/watch?v=Q7x u0DDLIP0>." YouTube . . 28 Oct.

• Needed to get supplies to Britain • If Britain didn’t get supplies then they would of lost • Germany was attacking the supply ships "Battle of the Atlantic. the Free Encyclopedia. 2011. . <http://en. 28 Oct.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_ the_Atlantic_>. Web." Wikipedia.

Fuhrerbunker Where it was located What it was used for The construction What events happened What Hitler thought of this place Main event that took place in the fuhrerbunker .

Where is it located? Beneath Reich Chancellery in Berlin Germany This was also hidden underground .

What was it used for? It is used to keep Hitler in hiding during the end of the war The main event that happened during the time Hitler was in hiding in the fuhrerbunker was Hitler committed suicide .

The construction It was constructed as temporary air-raid shelter Bombing in Berlin led to complex as Hitlers hide out 2 levels of the fuhrerbunker – Vorbunker (upper) – Addition was the Fuhrerbunker (lower) .

Who Was Involved Hitler was in hiding there SS soldiers. to protect Hitler Hitler’s mate at the time .

Movie to Find Out More About the Fuhrerbunker .

Bataan Death March Overview • • • The battle that led to the march About the death march The effects the battle had .

000 people taken prisoner (12.Soldiers/Weapons • 76.000 americans) • Bayonets were used during the attack .

but then by a ground attack • The Americans and Filipinos are fighting against the Japs • Americans were dying more from dehydration and malnutrition then from fighting which caused them to surrender "Bataan Death March.com/pages/h1737. .THE BATTLE BEFOREHAND • • On April 9.us-history. Web." United States American History.html>. 1942 on Bataan Peninsula Japan attacked the Philippines similar to the way they attacked Pearl Harbor by air. 26 Oct. <http://www. 2011.

Britannica Online Encyclopedia.After their surrender • After their capture. <http://www." Encyclopedia . so they were forced to walk 55 miles to San Fernando and then another 8 miles to the concentration camp • The Japs didn’t allow the prisoners to eat or drink without permission and if they did they would be executed • Anyone that stopped or collapsed was killed as well "Bataan Death March (World War II) -. 26 Oct. 2011.britannica. there was too many people to take in trucks. .Britannica Online Encyclopedia. Web.com/EBchecked/topic/55717/Bataan-Death-March>.

" Corregidor. <http://corregidor.aftermath • • 8.000 killed along the march Mostly from dehydration or malnutrition "How the Battle Went in Bataan. Heritage Batallion. 2011.org/chs_bataan/bataan1. Web.000 to 10.org . 28 Oct. .html>.Corregidor. 503.

. 2011. MacArthur . Capture and Death March | PBS.pbs.org/wgbh/amex/macarthur/sfeature/bataa n_capture. click on the picture "American Experience . <http://www.html>. Web.Personal Account • • Interviews of accounts from different people who were a part of the death march For the entire account." PBS: Public Broadcasting Service. 28 Oct.

Video • • Explains how the Japanese treated the prisoners and their journey Click on the picture below for the video .

Event’s Significance • Showed how cruel the Japanese really are • This caused Bataan to become Japanese territory .

Ships  Troops Killed or Missing  US Troops  Japan Troops  The US Leaders  Buckner  Stilwell  Japanese Leaders  Ushijima  Cho . Planes. Machine Guns.The Battle of Okinawa  About the battle  Who caused it  Strategies  Who won  Weapons Used  Tanks.

.<About the battle> Who Caused it Taking control of the island was a major part of the US 3 point plan to win the war. Who won The US won the battle and it was one of the major battles in history and one of the bloodiest.

<Weapons> Tanks M3 CDL Planes AT-6 Machine guns Thomson MG Ships Patrol Craft Escort Rescue About 1400 ships .

Video • The Battle of Okinawa For more info click The Battle of Okinawa was said to have been the bloodiest battle .

on one of the closing days of the battle of Okinawa.He had control of over 100000 men at the beginning of the battle. Buckner He was killed June 18. . 1945. Joseph Stilwell KIA.<US Leaders> Simon B.

<Japanese Leaders> Mitsuru Ushijima KIA. during the final stages of World War II.was the Japanese general at the Battle of Okinawa. Isamu Cho Chō was Chief of Staff of the IJA 32nd Army during the Battle of Okinawa and masterminded the elaborate underground fortifications around Shuri Castle .

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1941  German strategies  Army groups that attacked Russia  Russia’s defendants  German Statistics  Russian Statistics . Nazi’s Germany invasion on Russia on June 22.

youtube.German invasion on the Soviet Union http://www.com/watch?v=IqNTJNBcfA&feature=related .

They had over 3 million soldiers Quickly entered and defeated Soviet defenses Gained many impressive victories Rapidly moved to the heart of European Russia .

. Hungarian Army Corps. Rumanian divisions. Three army groups attacked Russia  Army Group North  Totaled 20 divisions  Army Group Centre  Totaled 51 divisions  Army Group South  Totaled 40 divisions.

<http://avinashkunnath. Web. 2011. 31 Oct. 2007.com/strategy/wasoperation-barbarossa-a-smart-move-by-the- . Russia had four army units to defend it  The Baltic Special Military District  Totaled 26 divisions including 6 armored ones  The Western Special Military District  Totaled 36 divisions including 10 armored ones  The Kiev Special Military District  Totaled 56 divisions including 16 armored divisions  The Odessa Special Military District  Totaled 14 divisions including 2 armored divisions "Was Operation Barbarossa A Smart Move by the Nazis?" Avinash Kunnath.

1941  Including the Germans and their allies  3. Starting on Sunday morning of June 22.000 horses .184 artillery guns  1.000.830 planes  750.580 tanks  7.ooo soldiers  3.

500 tanks.000 Russians had been captured  2. and 250 aircraft  Were either captured or destroyed  Russian Military was on the verge of collapse . Day 17 of the war:  300.1.400 artillery guns.

 Germans came out victorious  Blitzkrieg warfare was at it height of helpfulness  Russians suffered many losses with many of them captured "Operation Barbarossa in Color." Third Reich Color Pictures. . <http://thirdreichcolorpictures. Web.blogspot.com/2010/ 12/operation-barbarossa-in-color. 2011. 31 Oct.html>.

html&docid=41AwByqJcSDIM&imgurl=http://ww w.nps.google.com/imgres?q=bat tle+of+midway+map&hl=en&biw=128 0&bih=899&gbv=2&tbm=isch&tbnid= H_6Rm6BrSANnDM:&imgrefurl=http: //www.np Strategies  Statistics  Personal Account  Event Significance  Battle of Midway Video  .edu/Academics/centers/c cc/publications/OnlineJournal/2002/j une02/midway.http://www.

<http://www. 31 Oct.  Japan tried to get the U. Web.k12.S. 2011." Newberry County School District. "Battle of Midway.newberry. to send their naval forces to defend Alaska.sc. Japan had no idea the Americans had broken their secret code and knew the battle would be at Midway and not Alaska.S.us/mch s/battle_of_midway.htm>. to think that they were going to attack Alaska causing the U. .

    Yamamoto’s surprise was ruined by the American communications intelligence.Pacific Offensive School District. Pacific Fleet commander to establish an ambush by having his carriers ready and waiting for the Japanese. This allowed Admiral Chester W. Web. Nimitz. 2011. <http://www.k12. the trap was sprung." Newberry County trans. . 31 Oct.newberry.S. in the second of the Pacific War's great carrier battles.us/mch s/battle_of_midway.htm>. June 1942.sc. The base at Midway remained operational and became a vital component in the American "Battle of Midway. the U.

2011.k12. He planned to quickly knock down Midways defenses He wanted to establish a Japanese air base there. .newberry.S.us/mch s/battle_of_midway. <http://www. carriers to come out and fight. Web.    Admiral Isoroku Yamamoto moved on Midway in an effort to draw out and destroy the U." Newberry County School District.sc. Pacific Fleets aircraft carrier striking forces. "Battle of Midway. He expected the U.htm>.S. but to arrive too late to save Midway. 31 Oct.

 This video talks about the turning point battle in the Pacific Theatre. <http://www. Web.Broadcast Yourself.com/watch?v= MDrsTfLDaik>.youtube. Click on picture below to watch. 31 Oct.YouTube. The Japanese tried to trick the Americans to think they were attacking Alaska but broke a code to find out they were attacking Midway." YouTube . . 2011. "The Battle of Midway .

Harry Ferrier.sc.newberry. Battle of Midway survivor.us/mch s/battle_of_midway. .htm>. 2011. Interview with Retired Cmdr. Web." Newberry County School District. Click on the picture below to watch. "Battle of Midway. 31 Oct.k12. <http://www.

Ships Sunk Carriers: USS Yorktown Destroyers: USS Hammann TOTAL CARRIERS LOST: 1 TOTAL CRUISERS LOST: 0 TOTAL DESTROYERS LOST: 1  Japanese Ships Sunk Carriers: Akagi. U.What's Your Question? Web. Kaga.S.ask. Soryu Cruisers: Mikuma TOTAL CARRIERS LOST: 4 TOTAL CRUISERS LOST: 1 TOTAL DESTROYERS LOST: 0 "BattleofMidway Statistics .com/questionsabout/BattleofMidway-Statistics>. 31 Oct. 2011.Ask.com." Ask. <http://www. Hiryu.com . .

. losses were less than Japan and U. It was the turning point not because of where it was fought. This loss imbalance meant Japan could only "Battle of Midway. Web. U.k12. could quickly replace flight crews in less than a month and their carriers in less than a year.newberry.S. <http://www. School District.     Considered one of the most important deciding factors of World War II in the Pacific. Japan lost more carriers and flight crews and could not replace them.us/mch s/battle_of_midway. 31 Oct. 2011. rather the material losses both sides sustained.sc." Newberry County conduct defense operations.htm>.S.

• Date of the battle • Leaders of the armies • The strength of each army • Personal Account of the battle • Outcome and significance of the battle .

org/wiki/Battle_of_Java_S ea>. Location and Conditions • On Feb.wikipedia. Web.Date." Wikipedia. <http://en. 1942 the allied forces attacked a Japanese convoy • Bad weather • interrupted communications and navigation impaired "Battle of the Java Sea. 27. the Free Encyclopedia. . 2011. 26 Oct.

"Battle of the Java Sea.Leaders of the Forces • Allies • American-British-DutchAustralian (ABDA) Command was under the command of Admiral Karel Doorman (KIA). • Japanese • Tojo was the leader of the Japanese army at the time but as this was just a convoy." Wikipedia. Web. 26 Oct.wikipedia.org/wiki/Battle_of_Java_S ea>. the Free Encyclopedia. he was not present. 2011. <http://en. .

wikipedia." Wikipedia. 26 Oct. Web.org/wiki/Battle_of_Java_S ea>.Strength of the Armies • Japanese had: • 1 light aircraft carrier 2 heavy cruisers 2 light cruisers 14 destroyers 10 transports • Allies had: • 2 heavy cruisers 3 light cruisers 9 destroyers "Battle of the Java Sea. . <http://en. the Free Encyclopedia. 2011.

 “The 20 mile long convoy was quite a spectacle. An obvious laxity prevailed in the transports with their [the Allies'] ill-trained crews. Many transports emitted huge clouds of black smoke from their funnels . . .”  The Japanese obviously did not expect much resistance.

"The Battle of the Java Sea: February 27, 1942, by Vincent P. O'Hara." » Maintenance Mode. Web. 30 Oct. 2011. <http://www.microworks.net/pacific/battles/jav a_sea.htm>.

 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v =nUNd832hOw0  This is a video of veterans detailing what it was like to fight in the Battle of Java Sea. Their views on things may surprise you.

"WW2 Battle of the Java Sea Pt2 YouTube." YouTube - Broadcast Yourself. Web. 30 Oct. 2011. <http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=nUNd832h Ow0>.

The location of the battle Was near Newgenie

Ground Forces Approximate Total US Army and Marine Corps Forces Employed: 60.000 1st Marine Division Americal Division 2nd Marine Division 25th Infantry Division Totals Killed Wounded 774 334 268 216 1.592 1962 850 932 439 4.283 .

000-11.000 9.000 dispatched) Killed or Missing Died of Disease Lost at Sea POW's Evacuated 14.000 .000 (of 43.000 4.800 9.Approximate Total Japanese Army and Naval Troops Employed: 36.346 1.

Naval Forces (Ships Sunk US Pacific and Personnel Lost)* Carriers (CV) Light Carriers (CVL) Other Carriers (AV) Battleships (BB) Heavy Cruisers (CA) Light Cruisers (CL) Destroyers (DD) Submarines (SS) Japanese 0 1 1 2 3 1 11 6 2 0 0 0 6 2 14 0 .

    .200 Japanese defending force. The reason of this battle was that Japan attacked Pearl Harbor 1-2 May 1942 Australians evacuate Tulagi when Japanese occupies the island. 7 August Americans land 10.000 Marines on Guadalcanal and Tulagi against a 2.

9 February Guadalcanal campaign ends. US submarine S-44 sinks Japanese heavy cruiser Kako off New Ireland.     8 August Japanese airfield captured and Americans name it “Henderson Field” after a Marine pilot who died during the Battle of Midway. Americans take full control .

They concentrated an assault force of more than 6. supported by deadly Japanese naval and air bombardment. but to reclaim Guadalcanal itself.000 troops in the jungle south of Henderson Field and in mid-September began their northward thrust. the Japanese decided not only to take it back. A month after losing possession of their airfield to the Marines. . The attack was well coordinated.

(click on picture below to learn more) . The enemies were shooting nonstop but we were ready for battle.