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Person centred planning An introduction

Laura Upton Skills Development Lead Manchester SEND Pathfinder

What is person centred planning?

Person Centred Planning is a process of
learning how a person wants to live and then describing what needs to be done to help the person move toward that life

(Michael Smull and Helen Sanderson 2005)

What person centred planning is.. Learning and Understanding the balance between what is important to and how best to support the person


This is a fundamental Person Centred Thinking Skill. What we have seen over the years is that nearly anyone in need of long term services who is in circumstances where others exercise control, has what is 'important for' them addressed while what is 'important to' them is largely ignored or seen as what is done when time permits. (Helen Sanderson)

Top 5 Myths about person centred planning

Myth 1

Person centred approaches always take along time

Myth Buster
One page profiles can be incorporated into work practices very easily, can be begun quickly and act as a starting point for serious long-term planning.

Myth 2
This person cant be involved in a person centred approach because..

Myth Buster
Various reasons are given why people cant be involved ranging from the person doesnt speak to the the person doesnt have any concept of the future, the person doesnt know how to make choices etc. None of these statements are good reasons not to begin a process of person centred thinking around the person. These are the very people who need good person centred thinking the most.

Myth 3

There are too many tools..

Myth Buster
There are lots of tools now that the big whole life plans have been broken up into smaller and simpler to use tools of planning. The variety of tools makes it possible to select one that makes most sense to think about the most pressing issue in the persons life at a given time, and to build on and develop the person centred information. Part of the skill in person centred thinking is to select the right tool for the job. We have developed guidance and competencies to help people see how the tools fit with the 0 25 Plan.

Myth 4
We cant do it without extra money and resources

Myth Buster
We need to find ways of integrating person centred approaches into our everyday work across the board. Its not an add on to what we already do but a change in the thinking of how we work so that we act and learn in new ways. The 0 25 Plan gives us a chance to intergrate the tools

Myth 5

A person centred plan is a meeting

Myth Buster
Bringing people together with the person to share and gather information is one very useful technique in person centred planning, but there are lots of other useful ways of involving the person without enforcing participation in a meeting. With creative and imaginative thinking ways can be found to involve the person which keeps them at the centre of planning without doing things that we know will be unproductive.

The idea of the balance between what is

important to and what is important for a person is rooted in the human condition, where none of us has a life, where we have everything that is important to us and none of us pay perfect attention to everything that is important for us. All of us strive for a balance between them. Michael Smull

Why would anyone want a plan that is person centred?

To help you think about your life and how you would like to improve it You want people and services to start listening to what you want You have a big decision to make that you want to think about You are facing a big change in your life, like moving house or leaving school There is something important that you want to achieve You want the people who care about you to know about what matters to you

0-25 Education, Health and Care Plan Date: Contents My One-Page Profile More information about how to support me How I communicate and make decisions My Life Aspirations My Experiences and Achievements My familys One-Page Profile Our history What is working and not working (from different perspectives) and outcomes My resources 10. Outcome summary sheet Administration page


A great place to start...

LUCY'S STORY Lucy first had a one-page profile in Year 4, going into Year 5. She is now about to go into Year 8. Lucy talked about what made a good and bad day for her at school and what helped her to have more good days. Lucys family shared their thoughts and said what they love about her. Time was spent with her teacher and with the teaching assistant who had supported Lucy for two years and had lots of information to share. They said what they like and admire about Lucy and what they thought was important to her at school and how best to support her. When her profile was written everyone checked it. Lucys profile was updated each year and when she was in Year 6 a profile for Year 7 was drawn up. It was shared with all of the teaching team at her new school so they immediately knew what worked for Lucy at school. Lucys profile contributed to her Individual Education Plan.

Split into 4 groups you will might need to move the chairs 3 Task: 1) Remember the headings 2 headings per group. 2) Could you develop this type of information with the children and young people you support? If so, how? 3) Would there be any challenges be to developing this type of information?

Want to find out more....

Don't forget to take the handouts! Do not hesitate to get in touch... 0161 245 7300 Great websites to try: Preparing for Adulthood, Helen Sanderson Associates, Thinkandplan, SEND Pathfinder