TYPES OF BILL OF QUANTITIES

1

steel & ironworker. plasterer. carpenter. asphalter. glazier and painter 2   . roofer. plumber. mason. pavior. concretor. excavator.TRADE BILLS  the oldest form of Bills of Quantities  the bills aggregate the quantity of any one measured item. without distinction as to its position in the work or to its timing in the work programme trades are arranged normally in accordance with the SMM eg. bricklayer. joiner. drainlayer.

handout building elements 3 .

ELEMENTAL BILLS     bills is divided into elements that correspond to functional parts of the building/project items are arranged and grouped according to elements. and within each element. the items are billed in trade order make the operation of cost planning and cost analysis techniques much easier most widely used in Malaysia 4 .

Advantage convenient post contract practices 5 . before an estimator can assess the total quantities of materials or type of plant required ii. difficulties arise with work which is to be sublet iii. longer/thicker bills as some items will be repeated in various elements  i.ELEMENTAL BILLS (cont’d)  i. Disadvantage has to look through many of the elements in order to collect together all the items in a given trade.

ALTERNATIVE BILLING SYSTEMS 6 .

each containing a parcel of work which can be executed continuously by the contractor each operation is presented for pricing in a form subdivided into labour. plant and off-site work being billed under separate headings the arrangement of bill is according to the order of working 7    . materials and sundries.OPERATIONAL BILLS  a programme for the building work is required prior to bill preparation showing all the site operations the bills is divided into a large number of sections / operations.

difficulty in valuing of work varied during the contract 8 . estimators’ need to change radically the estimating process iv.OPERATIONAL BILLS (cont’d)  i. Failure of the format architects’ reluctance to produce operational drawings ii. quantity surveyors’ lack of expertise in preparing building programmes iii.

difficulty in preparing a precedence diagram at pretender stage 9 . the additional time taken in bill preparation iii.ACTIVITY BILLS  the bills is similar to that of the operational bills. except that the operations are detailed in the bill in accordance with the rules of the SMM rather than labour and materials  lack of widespread acceptance due to: i. degree of repetition of items ii.

ANNOTATED BILLS  this is actually an elemental bill or trade bill with annotation or specification column added to facilitates immediate reference to its position in the building  may sometimes results in the division of quantities of an item for each location  disadvantage in the increase in size of the bill 10 and a longer preparation time .

priced separately and timesed by the number of houses in the summary  the quantities for like items for each house type arranged laterally for pricing simultaneously 11 .CONSOLIDATED SCHEDULE BILLS  an elemental bill use for repetitive work such as housing  a self-contained sub-bill is prepared for each house type.

OTHER BILL TYPES         MASTER BILLS REDUCTION BILL ADDENDA BILLS SPECIALIST BILLS NOMINATED BILL SCHEDULE OF PRICES OR RATES CIVIL ENGINEERING BILLS COMPUTER BILLS 12 .

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