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Database Features

Optimized Power Control Second Assignment Optimized RxQual Handovers Channel Priority Adaptive Handovers Neighbor Cell Process Frequency Hopping Enhancements SDCCH Handovers Concentric Cells Advance Congestion Relief Call Queuing

Optimized Power Control


POWER CNTRL DL
OPTIMIZED POWER CNTRL DL

-65

-65

-80

-80

Important Parameters
dyn_step_adj (enables/disable) dyn_step_adj_fmpr (set the value of aggressiveness) step size for the UL and DL ( independent settings for UL and DL) power control interval and acknowledge (ms/bts)

Optimized Power Control


Power Decrement Step Size DL Upper Threshold Lower Threshold Aggressiveness Factor Average Power Steps

2 2

-65 -65

-80 -80

3 5

-50 -50

6,4,2.. 8,4,2..

2
2

-65
-65

-80
-80

8
10

-50
-50

12,4,2..
16,2..

Increase due to poor quality

Increase due to low level


Reduction due to good quality Oscillation prevention ( in the example above power reduction will be applied until the level is 76 dBm)

%
11.00 16.00 21.00 26.00 1.00 6.00

2000-02-10 2000-02-11 2000-02-12 2000-02-13 2000-02-14 2000-02-17 2000-02-18 2000-02-19 2000-02-20 2000-02-21 2000-02-24 2000-02-25 2000-02-26 2000-02-27 2000-02-28 2000-03-02 2000-03-03 2000-03-04 2000-03-05 2000-03-06
Benmore-3 DL HO Dates Benmore-2 DL HO Benmore-1 DL HO

Optimized Power Control


Benmore % DL Handovers

Optimized Power Control


Benmore % Ul Handovers
37.00 32.00

27.00

22.00

%
17.00 12.00 7.00 2.00

2000-02-10

2000-02-11

2000-02-12

2000-02-13

2000-02-14

2000-02-17

2000-02-18

2000-02-19

2000-02-20

2000-02-21

2000-02-24

2000-02-25

2000-02-26

2000-02-27

2000-02-28

2000-03-02

2000-03-03

2000-03-04

2000-03-05

Dates Benmore-3 UL HO Benmore-2 UL HO Benmore-1 UL HO Poly. (Benmore-3 UL HO) Poly. (Benmore-2 UL HO) Poly. (Benmore-1 UL HO)

2000-03-06

%
0.00 0.50 1.00 1.50 2.00 2.50

2000-02-10 2000-02-11 2000-02-12 2000-02-13 2000-02-14 2000-02-17 2000-02-18 2000-02-19 2000-02-20


Benmore-1 Benmore-2 DCR

Optimized Power Control

Benmore-3 DCR

2000-02-21 2000-02-24 2000-02-25 2000-02-26 2000-02-27 2000-02-28 2000-03-02 2000-03-03 2000-03-04 2000-03-05

Dates

Benmore DCR

Poly. (Benmore-1) Poly. (Benmore-2 DCR) Poly. (Benmore-3 DCR)

2000-03-06

Second Assignment
Assignment Command Assignment Failure
MS

Assignment Command Assignment Failure

BTS

second_assignment _attempts second_assignment _success mean holding time of sdcch tch assignment success rate

Number
20 00
1000 2000 3000 4000 5000 6000 0

Second Assignment

Sec Assign Atmpt


Date s 84.00 85.00

RS04

Sec Assign Suc Call Setup Suc

-0 320 0 00 5 -0 320 0 00 6 -0 320 0 00 7 -0 320 0 00 8 -0 320 0 00 9 -0 320 1 00 0 -0 320 1 00 1 -0 320 1 00 2 -0 320 1 00 3 -0 320 1 00 4 -0 320 1 00 5 -0 320 1 00 6 -0 320 1 00 7 -0 320 1 00 8 -0 320 1 00 9 -0 320

86.00

87.00

88.00

89.00

90.00

91.00

92.00

93.00

Congestion Relief
Type 1

CELL
Queue Queue length Call Handed Out

Queuing time
Handover margin Bounce protection Sufficient overlap

Congestion Relief

Typical Values

0 < ho_margin < 15 depending on the overlap 0 < q_length < 10 0 < q_time < 5 sec Bounce protect time should be set approx 0.75*MHT of call 3 < bounce_protect_margin < 5 TCH_CONGESTION ALLOC_TCH_FAIL DROP CALL RATE HANDOVER FAILURE RATE HANDOVERS DUE CONGESTION

Stats

Congestion Relief
Type 2

Congestion Relief

Parameters

Ho_exist_congest = 2 75% < Tch_cong_prevent_thres < 95 % Bounce_protect_tmr Bounce_protect_margin Rtry_cand_prd Congest_at_source Same stats as type 1

Stats

Congestion Relief

Handover_required_reject_switch (set to 1)

Target BSC will be marked if handover is rejected

Number of preferred cells (set to 1)

Target Cells will be marked if handover is rejected

TCH Congestion
20
10 15 20 25 0 5

Congestion Relief on Mmabatho Sector 3

Congestion Relief

TCH Congestion [%]

Date s 0 10 20 30

% Handover on Congestion

00 20 04 00 -17 20 04 00 -18 20 04 00 -19 20 04 00 -20 20 04 00 -21 20 04 00 -22 20 04 00 -23 20 04 00 -24 20 04 00 -25 20 04 00 -26 20 04 00 -27 20 04 00 -28 20 04 00 -29 20 04 00 -30 20 05 00 -01 20 05 00 -02 20 05 00 -03 20 05 00 -04 20 05 00 -05 20 05 00 -06 20 05 00 -07 20 05 00 -08 20 05 00 -09 20 05 00 -10 20 05 00 -11 20 05 00 -12 20 05 00 -13 20 05 00 -14 20 05 00 -15 20 05 00 -16 -0 517

% HO Congestion

40

50

60

70

80

90

Call Queuing

CELL

Queue

Queue Length
Time in the Queue TCH set_up congestion Calls queued (mean) SDCCH mean holding time

Q-Length
20 00

Call Queuing

tch_q_length_max Dates 0 2 TCH Setup Congestion Rate[%] 4 6 8 10

Lenasia Sector -3

-0 20 5-0 00 3 -0 \0 20 5-0 8: 0 0 00 3 -0 \1 20 5-0 2: 0 0 00 3 -0 \15 20 5-0 : 0 0 00 3 -0 \1 20 5-0 8: 0 0 00 4 -0 \08 20 5-0 : 00 00 4 -0 \11 20 5-0 : 00 00 4 -0 \1 20 5-0 4: 0 0 00 4 -0 \17 5 : 20 00 00 04 -0 \20 20 5-0 : 0 0 00 5 -0 \10 5 : 20 00 00 05 -0 \13 20 5-0 : 0 0 00 5 -0 \16 5 : 20 0 00 05\ 0 19 -0 20 5-0 : 00 00 8 -0 \1 20 5-0 0: 0 0 00 8 -0 \1 20 5-0 3: 0 0 00 8 -0 \16 5 :0 20 0 00 08 -0 \19 20 5-0 : 0 0 00 9 -0 \09 5 :0 20 0 00 09 -0 \12 20 5-0 : 00 00 9 -0 \15 20 5-0 : 00 00 9 -0 \1 20 5-1 8: 0 0 00 0 -0 \08 20 5-1 : 0 0 00 0 -0 \1 20 5-1 1: 0 0 00 0 -0 \14 20 5-1 : 0 0 00 0 -0 \1 20 5-1 7: 0 0 00 0 -0 \20 20 5-1 : 00 00 1 -0 \10 20 5-1 : 00 00 1 -0 \1 20 5-1 3: 0 0 00 1 -0 \16 5:0 11 0 \1 9: 00

% of TCH Set-Up Congestion

12

14

16

18

20

Channel Priority

Allows the operator to specify the relative priority the carrier Benefits
Improves call setup

Improves the handover success rate

Trial Results ( 9 BSCs)


There was no different in the call setup or handover success rate

Reasons for Poor Results


Carriers are assign on the IOI stats and then on the priority

therefore the IOI stats overrides the priority of the RTF

Adaptive Handovers

Triggers handover to occur faster when the conditions are deteriorating rapidly and slower when conditions are marginally poor thereby helping to prevent needless handovers Same trigger values applies for all neighbors There are three type of adaptive handovers

Power budgets Quality both uplink and downlink Level both uplink and downlink

Independent quality thresholds can be set for hopping and non-hopping carriers

Adaptive Handovers PBGT


START NO PBGT(n) > HO_margin

Cumulative_value = cumulative_value + (PBGT(n) HO_margin)

NO
Cumulative_value > PBGT_trigger

Generate Handover

Adaptive Handovers Qual


START NO rxqual > l_rxqual_h

Cumulative_value = cumulative_value + (rxqual l_rxqual_h)

NO
Cumulative_value > qual_trigger

Generate Handover

Adaptive Handovers Level


START NO rxlev <l_rxlev_h

Cumulative_value = cumulative_value + (rxlev_h rxlev)

NO
Cumulative_value > rxlev_trigger

Generate Handover

Adaptive Handovers Benefits

Reduction in RF Loss Rate Reduction in Drop Call Rate Reduction in Handover Failures Increase in traffic in micro cells Increase in the number of handovers

Concentric Cells

Based on quality and power levels Outer zone provides coverage Inner zone provides capacity and aggressive reuse Power and Interference base algorithm

Concentric Cells Power Base Algorithm

Carriers have reduced uplink and downlink transmit levels Intracell handover (inter zone) is performed base on the following criteria
Both the uplink and downlink power levels are considered before a

handover can be initiated to the inner zone Handover to outer zone is triggered if either the downlink or uplink levels is below the respective threshold and further increase in power is not allowed

Concentric Cells Power Base Algorithm

Important Parameter
rxlev_dl_zone, rxlev_ul_zone, zone_ho_hyst

Use CTP to determined values


Tarffic spread using level, quality and timing advance To set the power level for the inner zone i.e distribution of quality versus

level

Monitor Usage of Zones


Tch_usage_inner_zone Tch_cong_inner_zone

Zone_change_attempts
Zone_change_suc

Concentric Cells Power Base Algorithm

Expected Results Improvement in the quality by reducing the power Decrease in RF Losses Increase the number of handover (intracell) Increase in TCH assignment

RxAccess Level Min

Reasons for Testing


There are three values used 102, -108, -110 for all cells in the network Other Motorola have different values depending on the location of cells

Benefits
Reduce the call attempts at extremely low levels thereby improving

SDCCH and TCH setup

Methods
Use CTP to check the percentage MS reports low levels at low TA Only deploy in Urban area where penetration is high Rural areas should be set 110 dBm Values for indoor cells should be carefully chosen

RxQual Handover Optimized

Reasons for optimizing


New thresholds for hopping Worst neighbor

Handover only at max power


Approximately 35 % of all handovers are quality based Variety of settings for averaging and thresholds

RxQual Handover Optimized

Example of Results after Audit on OMC1


N umbe r of Ce lls 2 10 5 176 3 11 1 13 61 6 1 dlrxqua lhoa llowe d 1 1 0 1 1 1 1 1 0 1 0 l_rxqua l_dl_h 200 266 340 340 350 420 440 450 550 550 700

RxQual Handover Optimized

Example of Results after Audit on OMC1


N umbe r of Ce lls qua l_ma rgin_fla g 1 13 38 1 33 15 19 559 64 hre qa ve 0 0 0 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 2 4 2 4 4 4 5 5 hre qt 3 2 1 6 1 1 6 1 1 a dj_qua l_ma rgin 0 0 0 5 4 5 5 4 15

RxQual Handover Optimized

Initial Standard Settings


Hreqave = 4 Hreqt = 1

Qual Margin = 0
Non Hopping Threshold = 340 (2*4 and 2*5) Hopping Threshold = 453 (4*5)

RxQual Handover Optimized

Results from Initial Settings


High Internal and External Handover Congestion due

large number of handovers Handover Congestion = Request - Attempts Results in increase in the number of calls dropped

RxQual Handover Optimized

Proposed Settings for Macro Cells


Hreqave = 4 Hreqt = 1

Qual Margin = 0
Non Hopping Threshold = 650 Hopping Threshold = 700 Power Flag Enabled

RxQual Handover Optimized

Proposed Settings for Micro Cells


Hreqave = 4 Hreqt = 1

Qual Margin = 0
Non Hopping Threshold = 300 Hopping Threshold = 300 Power Flag disabled

RxQual Handover Optimized

Evaluation of Results
% UL and DL Handovers Qual Distribution using CTP

Number of Handovers
Internal and External Handover Congestion

RxQual Handover Optimized

Additional Testing
Thresholds needs to be adjusted after download of a

frequency plan i.e. as the fractional loading increase the thresholds needs to relaxed Investigate the use of adaptive handover instead of relaxing the thresholds