PROJECT ON

“AUTOMATIC DUSK TO DAWN STREET LIGHT CONTROL”

This can be seen more effectively in the case of street lights. This project gives the best solution for electrical power wastage.WHAT’S THE PROJECT?? This project aims at designing and executing the advanced development for energy saving of street lights with light depending resistor. . human has become too busy and he is unable to find time even to switch the lights wherever not necessary. Nowadays. Also the manual operation of the lighting system is completely eliminated.

As per–unit electricity cost is very high these days. saving energy and money also human intervention is also eliminated.OBJECTIVE The main objective of this project is to design a system where light will remain on only from dusk to dawn. It is compared with a fixed value to turn ON the appliances at the falling light intensity in the evening to switch OFF in the morning light. Varying light intensity falling on an LDR is used as input to a comparator. so it is advisable to judiciously use electricity. Places like colleges. This system provides a solution for these places. as dusk to dawn system the lights will be automatically on at dusk and switch off at dawn. highways. industries and parks spread across large area where more light is required during night. . housing complexes. Thus.

COMPONENTS & DEVICES LDR (Light Dependent Resistor) Potentiometer or Variable Resistor Fixed Resistors Wheatstone Bridge PLC Trainer Kit .

it senses the change in intensity of light and its output changes accordingly.LDR This system is based on an LDR. Normally the resistance of an LDR is very high. LDRs or Light Dependent Resistors are very useful especially in light/dark sensor circuits. . but when they are illuminated with light resistance drops dramatically.

allowing current to pass through~~ . It shows that when the torch is turned on.OPERATION OF LDR Here. the resistance of the LDR falls.

photons absorbed by the semiconductor give bound electrons enough energy to jump into the conduction band.INSIDE LDR  A photoresistor or light dependent resistor(LDR) is resistor whose resistance decreases with increasing incident light intensity. thereby lowering resistance. If light falling on the device is of high enough frequency. in other words. it exhibits photoconductivity. The resulting free electron (and its hole partner) conduct electricity.  A photoresistor is made of a high resistance semiconductor. .

If only two terminals are used. it acts as a variable resistor.POTENTIOMETER  A potentiometer is a three terminal resistor with a sliding contact that forms an adjustable voltage divider. one end and the wiper.  A variable resistance is useful when we don't know in advance what resistor value will be required in a circuit .  The variable resistance lets us adjust the resistance between two points in a circuit.

In this way the value of unknown resistance can easily be measured by using a Wheatstone Bridge. By adjusting the variable resistor the current through the Galvanometer is made zero. the ratio of two known resistors is exactly equal to the ratio of adjusted value of variable resistance and the value of unknown resistance. one variable resistor and one unknown resistor connected in bridge form as shown.WHEATSTONE BRIDGE For measuring accurately any resistance Wheatstone Bridge is widely used. When the current through the galvanometer becomes zero. . There are two known resistors.

PLC TRAINER KIT .

18 Digital O/p-12 Analog I/p-02 Analog O/p-01 Analog. PLC or Programmable Controller is a digital computer used for automation of electromechanical processes. PLC Trainer Specifications : Digital I/p. amusement rides.5A/1A .24V DC. or light fixtures.0-3. 0.PLC TRAINER KIT A Programmable Logic Controller. The input and output variables of PLC system are binary in nature. It is easy to make changes in program sequence of events. such as control of machinery on factory assembly lines.5V Input & Output Ratings : Digital.

HOW THE PROJECT WORKS?? Construction of Wheatstone bridge. . resistance decreases and an output voltage of 15V obtained. Components used are LDR. Variable Resistor & two fixed resistors. Now. This property of LDR is used to operate the circuit inversely. This output voltage is driven through the PLC and uses the AC Supply Externally to glow the bulbs which are assumed as street lights. As intensity of light decreases. The nature of LDR is to decrease the resistance as soon as intensity of light increases and vice versa.

by these advanced technologies we can design many more systems which can be done by solar lights and through these solar lights we have a vast usage. . Here we are saving lot of power without any wastage.CONCLUSION The project “AUTOMATIC STREET LIGHT CONTROL SYSTEM WITH LDR” has been successfully designed and tested.

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