Remix as an Educational and Economic Activity

Dr. Chris Shamburg New Jersey City University cshamburg@njcu.edu

20 years ago…

40 years ago….

30 years ago…

Realtor

100 years ago…

Legal Immigration to the United States Immigration 1820-1920
1,400,000 1,200,000

1,000,000

800,000

600,000

400,000

200,000

0 1838 1871
1820 1823 1826 1829 1832 1835 1841 1844 1847 1850 1853 1856 1859 1862 1865 1868 1874 1877 1880 1883 1886 1889 1892 1895 1898 1901 1904 1907 1910 1913 1916 1919

Department of Homeland Security, Office of Immigration Statistics, Yearbook of Immigration Statistics (various years). Available at http://www.dhs.gov/files/statistics/publications/yearbook.shtm.)

1880-1920

Efficiency and Industrialization

Occupations that typically need postsecondary education for entry are projected to grow faster than average… while those requiring a high school diploma will experience the slowest growth over the 2010–20 timeframe.
Bureau of Labor Statistics, Overview of 2010-2020 Projections, 2012.

1900-1990

1991: SCANS Report

2012

Quick to hire industries [are] business, creative services, healthcare, science & technology, and social services…many of these sectors will overlap with each other.
--US News and World Report on an analysis of 2012 US Department of Labor’s Job Projections.

Examples of Overlapping Fields
• • • • • • Bio-Energy Medical-Technology Economic-Mapping Automotive-Computer Programming Financial-Software Medical-Graphic Arts

Thomas Friedman on Remixes, Globalization and Education
If schools can actually produce people who are good synthesizers, they’re going to be more effective and innovative workers...
Kids get remixes. They do it naturally. And today, he who remixes best will remix most and be wealthiest…
--Thomas Friedman
From School Administrator Feb, 2008

Remix means…
…to take cultural artifacts and manipulate them into new kinds of creative blends (Lankshear and Knobel, 2008).

Some Examples of Contemporary Remix Practices

http://youtu.be/q2p eQUS6oLY

http://www.youtube.com/watch? v=dnhKPw2NXIw

http://www.archive.org/details/DjDang erMouse-TheGreyAlbum

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=2T5_0 http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=UtE H6wZXPA4 AGdFic

DIY Media

1970

2011

Student-Centered Learning

Participatory Culture and Globalization

1,500,000 hours of programming

On Major TV networks from 1948-2008

1,500,000 hours of programming

On Major TV networks from 1948-2008

On YouTube from July–December 2008

“O”

“O”
Sad

“O”
Angry

“O”
Surprised

“O”
You won the game.

“O”
You stubbed your toe.

“O”
You learned a secret.

Remix Story

“O”
Shocked

“O”
Shocked

Music

Food

Tandoor Taco Spring, Texas

Tandoori Burger New York, New York

Tandoor Pizza Sunrise, Florida

Remix as a Lens for Culture

Remix as a Lens for Cognition

Educational Applications

Remix and Inclusive Education

• • • • • •

Engine Roar Match Strike Crickets Chirp Beating Heart Phone Ring Water Splash

Camping Trip
[Crickets Chirping] Narrator: The family camping trip of '09 was one I'd never forget. [Striking a Match] Mom: Who wants s'mores? [Engine Vroom, Crickets Chirping] Sister 1: Did you hear that? Sister 2: Hear What? You are probably just hearing the crickets. [Phone Ring] Sister 1: Aaahhh! Sister 2: Calm down, it's just my phone Mom: I Thought I said no phones on this trip. [Phone Ring] [Water Splash] Sister 1: Oh my gosh, you threw it in the lake? What if we have an emergency? [Engine Vroom] [Heart Beating] Pause Sister 2: AYYYYY!!!!

http://is.gd/6sounds

London by William Blake I wander thro' each charter'd street, Near where the charter'd Thames does flow, And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every Man, In every Infant's cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forg'd manacles I hear. How the Chimney-sweeper's cry Every black'ning Church appalls; And the hapless Soldier's sigh Runs in blood down Palace walls. But most thro' midnight streets I hear How the youthful Harlot's curse Blasts the new born Infant's tear, And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.

London by William Blake I wander thro' each charter'd street, Near where the charter'd Thames does flow, And mark in every face I meet Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every Man, In every Infant's cry of fear, In every voice, in every ban, The mind-forg'd manacles I hear. How the Chimney-sweeper's cry Every black'ning Church appalls; And the hapless Soldier's sigh Runs in blood down Palace walls. But most thro' midnight streets I hear How the youthful Harlot's curse Blasts the new born Infant's tear, And blights with plagues the Marriage hearse.

I Walk Alone by Green Day

I walk a lonely road The only one that I have ever known Don't know where it goes But it's home to me and I walk alone I walk this empty street

On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams When the city sleeps And I'm the only one and I walk alone
I walk alone I walk alone I walk alone My shadow's the only one that walks beside me My shallow heart's the only thing that's beating Sometimes I wish someone out there will find me 'til then I walk alone

London's Boulevard of Broken Dreams
I walk a lonely road, The only one that I have ever known, And mark in every face I meet, Marks of weakness, marks of woe. In every cry of every man, On the Boulevard of Broken Dreams, In every voice, in every ban, I walk this empty street. But most, through midnight streets I hear My shallow heart's the only thing that's beating, Blasts the new-born infant's tear, Sometimes I wish someone out there will find me. http://is.gd/remixpoetry

MIT’s SCRATCH

http://scratch.mit.edu

?

Remix to Research: Send a Video to Your Representative

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=idh5-P2fmQM

Working with Video: Trailers

http://www.youtube.com/playlist?list=PLD41EDDA0908BB486

Movie Trailers and Primary Sources: Dred Scott, the Movie
Compelling Summary (4-5 Lines)

…mixed with…
Primary Source Material (4-5 Lines)

http://is.gd/trailermedia
example

Machinima

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0JTFgOIhdzs

Language and Literature

http://www.folger.edu/remix

1600 (
Two Views of Macbeth

) 2012

Murderers

ACT 3, SCENE 3 of Macbeth, A park near the palace.
First Murderer But who did bid thee join with us? Third Murderer Macbeth. Second Murderer He needs not our mistrust, since he delivers Our offices and what we have to do To the direction just. First Murderer Then stand with us. The west yet glimmers with some streaks of day.

www.folger.edu/remix
Third Murderer Hark! I hear horses.

Math and Science Applications
Technical innovation is often more “bricolage than breakthrough” --Stephen Johnson.

Guttenberg’s Printing Press
Wine Press—1st Century AD Chinese Moveable Type –10 Century AD Gutenberg Printing Press—15th Century AD

“More bricolage than breakthrough”

Design That Matters: The Car Parts Incubator

http://designthatmatters.org/portfolio/projects/incubator/

Design That Matters: The Car Parts Incubator

http://designthatmatters.org/portfolio/projects/incubator/

Steve Jobs
Tablet

2002

2010

MP3 Player Late 1990s 2001

From http://www.newyorker.com/reporting/2011/11/14/111114fa_fact_gladwell#ixzz1dPyB1d7Q

The Graphical User Interface (GUI)

Bill Gates to Steve Jobs on the GUI: ”Well, Steve, I think there’s more than one way of looking at it. I think it’s more like we both had this rich neighbor named Xerox and I broke into his house to steal the TV set and found out that you had already stolen it.”

STEM: HP STEMx Academy

Make, Hack, Play Together and The Sound of Science

http://catalystacademy.org/course/make-hack-play/

http://catalystacademy.org/course/soundscience-digital-audio-creationstemx-2/

Remix
• • • • • • Steal? Borrow? Revise? Improve? Inspire? Transform? Ethically Legally Effectively

END
Dr. Christopher Shamburg cshamburg@njcu.edu http://podcourse.blogspot.com http://is.gd/shamburg Twitter: cs272 Linkedin: cshamburg

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master your semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.