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Lesson 7 Personal Protective Equipment

Intermediate Level


Describe the design, limitations and functionality of PPE and the three types of respiratory protection. Describe the properties, characteristics, limitations and health concerns related to PPE uses Describe Level A and CBRN PPE and how they are used at CBRN scenes. PPE selection and the transitional stage Don and doff CBRN and other PPE Maintain and decontaminate the C4 respirator

Three Types of Respiratory Protection

Picture Provided by Airboss Defense Pictures Provided by International Safety Instruments

How the APR filter works



Made from coal or charcoal (wood or coconut shell) Purified using high temperature steam Filled with tiny holes One teaspoonful will cover an area of a football field Surface has the property to attract many kinds of organic molecules Ideal for filtering out harmful chemicals from water and air
Activated carbon has the strongest physical adsorption forces or the highest volume of adsorbing porosity of any material known to mankind. 5

The reason that activated carbon is such an effective adsorbent material is due to its large number of cavernous pores. These provide a large surface area relative to the size of the actual carbon particle and its visible exterior surface. An approximate ratio is 1 gram = 100 m2 of surface area (Hoehn, 1996).

Scanning Electron Microscope Images of Pores

Level A Fully Encapsulated Suit

Picture Provided by Dupont Persoal Protection

Level B Chemical Protective Coverall and Suit

Pictures Provided by Dupont Personal Protection

Level C Chemical Protective Coverall

Picture Provided by Dupont Personal Protection


Level D Protection


CBRN Bomb Suit

SRS-5 Bomb Suit With Supplemental CBRN Capability


Chemical Protective Undergarment

Picture Provided by Lanx Fabric Systems.


Military Style CBRN PPE

One Piece Coverall Design CBRN PPE with C4 respirator and C7 Canister


Two Piece Design CBRN PPE With C4 Respirator and C7 Canister

Selecting the right PPE

Is adequate protection achieved? How vigorous is the physical activity associated to the task? How long will it take to complete the task? Is the support required by technicians wearing the PPE adequate? Can the task be performed within restrictions?


Selecting the Correct PPE

LEVEL A PPE Downgrade to LEVEL B PPE Downgrade to Transition to CBRNE PPE

downgrade to



PPE Used in Radiological Contaminated Environments

Minimum PPE requires Tyvek Suit with Full Face Respirator and Gloves Respirator may be removed after it is determined there are no airborne hazards PPE that is used in a radiological contaminated environment become radioactive waste and must be dealt with appropriately


Important Caution
PPE does not offer protection without cost The higher the level, the greater the cost PPE can be uncomfortable, heavy, hot, dehydrating, inflexible, and limit the full use of senses It is critical to find the balance between the needed level of protection and ability to perform needed tasks


Heat Stress Critical Safety Issue

Hydration - replace body fluids - 250 to 500 mls of fluids before donning PPE with 0.1 % salt solution or commercial type electrolyte mixes Pre and post entry medicals - screening and monitoring of responders by EMS Body cooling devices - i.e. ice vests Utilizing portable showers to cool down internal temperatures within CPC Rotating personnel Establishing rehab facility with air conditioning