SWINE FLU prevention

Dr.T.V.Rao MD

What is Swine influenza
 Swine

influenza (also called H1N1 flu, swine flu, hog flu, and pig flu) is an infection by any one of several types of swine influenza virus. Swine influenza virus (SIV) is any strain of the influenza family of viruses that is endemic in pigs

Swine Flu A Global Concern

Swine flu – A acute respiratory infection
 Swine

flu is an infection caused by a virus. It's named for a virus that pigs can get. People do not normally get swine flu, but human infections can and do happen. The virus is contagious and can spread from human to human. Symptoms of swine flu in people are similar to the symptoms of regular human flu and include fever, cough, sore throat, body aches, headache, chills and fatigue.

Swine flu spreads through Respiratory route

The main way that influenza viruses are thought to spread is from person to person in respiratory droplets of coughs and sneezes.

Swine flu can begin with

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Fever with Sudden symptoms of Aches Chills Tiredness

May Preset with more severe symptoms
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Fever (usually high) Headache Muscle aches Chills Extreme tiredness Dry cough Runny nose may also occur but is more common in children than adults Stomach symptoms, such as nausea, vomiting, and diarrhea, may also occur but are more common in children than adults Donot self Diagnose Visit a Health Centre

Yet no Vaccine available for Swine flu

There are antiviral medicines you can take to prevent or treat swine flu. There is no vaccine available right now to protect against swine flu. You can help prevent the spread of germs that cause respiratory illnesses like

CDC on Swine Flu

Flu is a serious contagious disease. Each year in the United States, on average, more than 200,000 people are hospitalized and 36,000 people die from seasonal flu

CDC guides the World in large

Prevention is the Best option
 Covering

nose and mouth with a tissue when you cough or sneeze. Throw the tissue in the trash after you use


Hand washing a Top priority

Washing your hands often with soap and water, especially after you cough or sneeze. You can also use alcohol-based hand cleaners.

Touching face regions can faster the Spread
 Avoiding

touching your eyes, nose or mouth. Virus can spread this way in a faster way

Keep safe distance from patients

to avoid close contact with sick people.

Staying home from work or school if you are sick

Avoid crowded places more so with young children

Presenting with mild cold like symptoms - Take rest

If you have flu like symptoms

If you are sick with flu-like illness, CDC recommends that you stay home for at least 24 hours after your fever is gone except to get medical care or for other necessities. (Your fever should be gone without the use of a fever-reducing medicine.) Keep away from others as much as possible. This is to keep from making others sick. While sick, limit contact with others to keep from infecting them.

The N95 Mask is Effective. but Must be Tight-Fitting

Using N95 mask reduces the Risk

You can cut your risk of contracting the flu or other respiratory viruses by as much as 80 percent by wearing a mask over your nose and mouth, according to a new study.
Emerging Infectious Diseases, the journal of the Centres for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) .

Disposing the Trash from patients

Throw away tissues and other disposable items used by the sick person in the trash. Wash your hands after touching used tissues and similar waste

Keep household surfaces Clean and Hygienic

Keep surfaces (especially bedside tables, surfaces in the bathroom, and toys for children) clean by wiping them down with a household disinfectant according to directions on the product label.

Care for common matters used by Swine flu patients

Linens, eating utensils, and dishes belonging to those who are sick do not need to be cleaned separately, but importantly these items should not be shared without washing thoroughly first.

Washing linens

Wash linens (such as bed sheets and towels) by using household laundry soap and tumble dry on a hot setting. Avoid “hugging” laundry prior to washing it to prevent contaminating yourself.

Eating utensils need cleaning

Eating utensils should be washed either in a dishwasher or by hand with water and soap.

Donot forget to wash your hands after all these acts

Anti viral drugs
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If you get seasonal or novel H1N1 flu, antiviral drugs can treat the flu. Antiviral drugs are prescription medicines (pills, liquid or an inhaled powder) that fight against the flu by keeping flu viruses from reproducing in your body. Antiviral drugs can make your illness milder and make you feel better faster. They may also prevent serious flu complications.

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Antiviral drugs are not sold over-thecounter and are different from antibiotics. Antiviral drugs may be especially important for people who are very sick (hospitalized) or people who are sick with the flu and who are at increased risk of serious flu complications, such as pregnant women, young children and those with chronic health condition For treatment, antiviral drugs work best if started within the first 2 days of symptoms

Anti Viral Drugs should be prescribed, Not a self Medication

The two antiviral drugs approved by the FDA for treatment and prophylaxis of the 2009 H1N1 influenza virus are Tami flu (oseltamivir phosphate) and Relenza (zanamivir). However, health experts caution against using them routinely for several reasons: the emergence of resistant strains when used in mild flu infections, its ineffectiveness when given more than 48 hours after the onset of flu, the presence of side-effects .

No reason to panic – effective drugs are available

Swine flu Current Map

 The

Swine flu A great concern in India with > 1 billion population

WHO has raised the Influenza Pandemic Alert to the highest level which is 6. Already India has seen over 40 confirmed cases of Swine Flu and the threat of a full blown epidemic in India is very real. The best we citizens can do is keep ourselves informed about the happenings and the steps we can take to prevent the spread of the flu.

Panic and Fear are much dangerous than Swine Flu

Created for Public Awareness on Swine Flu
Dr.T.V.Rao MD Email doctortvrao@gmail.com