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Nanotechnology

A Brief Overview
-Identifying Opportunities and Strategies-

Jeff Immelt. CEO. And third. molecular medicine.“We are placing bets on things we can do uniquely well.” . Second. new ways to power the world. First. nanotechnology. General Electric 2 .

What is Nanotech? NanoTechnology – Art and science of manipulating atoms and molecules to create new systems. 3 . materials. Nanomeasurement – Size Nanomanipulation – Building from the bottom up. and devices.

400. Another way to visualize a nanometer: 1 inch = 25.000 x’s smaller than the diameter of a human hair.000 nanometers 4 .100. A micron is one thousandth of a millimeter. Examples of Nanoscale – – A cubic micron of water contains about 90 billion atoms.Size Matters How Big is a Nano? – Nano = 1 billionth. and a thousand times larger than a nanometer.

C-NanoFabrics Solar Power and PhotoVoltaics. Hydrogen Fuel Cells. Carbon Nano-Materials. AFM. Coatings.Applied Nanotechnology – Examples of Current Research and Applications Materials Science Energy Medicine/Biotech Electronics Devices Powders.BuckyBalls MRAM. MEMS 5 . LED White Light Genomics. Q-Dots. C-Nanotubes. Q-Bits Lithography. NRAM. Lab on a Chip. Proteomics. Dip Pen Lithography.

Materials         Fiber that is stronger than spider web Metal 100 x’s stronger than steel. Materials that are self repairing. 6 .Disruptive Apps . and never need repainting. self cleaning. 1/6 weight Catalysts that respond more quickly and to more agents Plastics that conduct electricity Coatings that are nearly frictionless –(Shipping Industry) Materials that change color and transparency on demand. Nanoscale powders that are five times as light as plastic but provide the same radiation protection as metal.

7 . Batteries that store more energy and are much more efficient Plastics and paints that will store solar power and convert to energy for $1 per watt.Energy    Fuel cell technology becomes cost effective within 3 years.Disruptive Apps .

Computing     Silicon is hitting its size limit.Disruptive Apps . Electronic Paper 8 . Moore’s law reaches maximum in 2007 SuperChips –Combination of Silicon and Galium Arsenide create wireless chips Plastic semiconductors manufactured by regular printing devices – cheaply produced.

9 .Disruptive Apps – Bio Medicine        Cosmetics that can penetrate the skin Cures for Aids. Cancers.Fast Drug Creation Nanomaterials that can see inside vessels for plaque buildup Technology that can re-grow bone and organs NanoSensors for disease detection – 10x’s faster and 100. Alzheimer's.000 x’s more accurate Nanofilters will help create impurity free drugs. Diabetes Ability to view cells In vivo .

Key Terms You Need to Know        BuckyBalls Carbon Nanotubes MEMS Quantum Dots Molecular Self Repair/Assembly MRAM/Spintronics Lithography 10 .

Carbon Nanotubes     4 nm width (smaller diameter than DNA) 100x’s stronger than steel 1/6 weight Thermal/electrically conductive Metallic and SemiConductive 11 .

BuckyBalls – C 60     Roundest and most symmetrical molecule known to man Compressed – becomes stronger than diamond Third major form of pure carbon Heat resistance and electrical conductivity 12 .

MEMS and Quantum Dots Micro Sized Motor Quantum Dot 13 .

Obstacles and Hurdles  Mass Production/Throughput and Cost Constraints Funding Requires Long-Term Investments Intellectual Property Issues .Patent Office that is Overwhelmed and Under-Qualified   14 .

Congress approves $2.S Japan Europe Other Source: IEEE Spectrum August 2003  S.Korea just announced a $2b gov.The International Race for Nanotech Supremacy   1998 Bill Clinton Signed the NNI June 2003 . initiative  Why? Because Winner controls manufacturing for next century 15 .3b in additional funding Europe and Asia are Moving Fast – Maybe Faster  Government Nanotech Funding (In Billions) 800 600 400 200 0 98 000 002 003 19 2 2 2 U.

000 16 Source: The Fredonia Group .000 $10.000 $20.000 $30.S Market Nanomaterials Projections (In Billions) $40.000 $0 2000 2007 2020 $125 $1.000 $35.U.

Deb Newberry – Hacking Matter – Will McCarthey Periodicals – Forbes/Wolfe Nanotech Report – MIT Technology Review – Science – Nature Web – www.org   18 .Resources  Must Read Books – As the Future Catches You – Juan Enriquez – Investors Guide to Nanotechnology and Micromachines – Glenn Fishbine – Next Big Thing Is Really Small: How Nanotechnology Will Change the Future of Your Business – Jack Uldrich.nanotechgroup.