PRINCIPLES OF HEALTH AND HEALING

IN ISLAM

CONTENTS OF THIS PRESENTATION


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Describe the contemporary concepts health and healing and their critical analysis In the light of Quranic verses, present Islamic principles of health and healing. Quran’s injunctions regarding Health: Fundamental Duties and Fundamental Prohibitions Islam’s strategy for health and healing Prevention 1-Primary . Tahara . Nutrition .Exercise 2- Secondary Treatment of Diseases Mental Health Spiritual Health Therapeutic Sociology Finally to summarize

Definition of health according to the World Health Organization "WHO
“Health is a state of complete physical, mental and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity".  This widely accepted definition was expanded in the 1970's and 1980’s, as other components were included: intellectual, environmental, and spiritual health.  In more recent years, this statement has been modified to include the ability to lead a "socially and economically productive life."

Critical analysis of these definitions
Health cannot be defined as a state at all, but must be seen as a process of continuous adjustment to the changing demands of living.  The WHO definition is therefore considered by many as an idealistic goal rather than a realistic proposition

Critical analysis

Market forces advocate the importance of absolute individual freedom. They strongly resent any suggestion that the demands of society in general and the demands of family in particular must guide individual choices.  When there are demands to correct the ecology, environment to them just means air and water free of pollution; it has nothing to do with social practices and systems that are dangerous for the health

function in society.  Some researchers tend to describe spiritual health as a feeling of happiness and contentment.WHO definition does not explain spiritual health  Another glaring weakness of the WHO definition is that it fails to properly explain the “spiritual” component of health. and meet the ordinary demands of everyday life. They do not differentiate between “mental health” and “spiritual health”." .  Mental health is "a state of emotional and psychological well-being in which an individual is able to use his or her cognitive and emotional capabilities.

means an individual’s ability to differentiate between right and wrong and resolve to lead a more righteous life. free of stratagems. Islam promotes Spiritual health. dishonesty and selfishness. deception. on the contrary.Spiritual Health  Spiritual health. .

which must be safeguarded not only through the maintenance of a health preserving regime at the personal/individual level.Quran’s Position  “Health is a state of complete physical. but also through the establishment of a health-protective and promoting family system and a healthprotective and promoting social system. mental.” . spiritual and social wellbeing.

(and) purely for them on the Day of Judgment.  007. (which He hath provided) for sustenance? Say: They are.َّ ‫و‬ ْ ِّ‫ن الر‬ ْ َ ‫تي أ‬ ُ‫م‬ َ ‫زي َن‬ ْ ُ‫ق ق‬ ْ ُ‫ق‬ ِّ ‫الط‬ ‫نوا فِي‬ ِ َّ‫ي لِل‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ت‬ ِ ‫ي َبا‬ ِ‫د‬ ِ ‫ع َبا‬ ِ ِ‫ج ل‬ ِ َّ‫َّللا ال‬ َ ‫ين آ‬ َ ‫ذ‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ‫م‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ر‬ َ‫خ‬ ِ َّ ‫ة‬ َ ْ‫من‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ َّ‫حر‬ ِ ‫ز‬ ِ ‫م‬ ً‫ص‬ ْ ‫م‬ ْ َ‫ك‬ ُ ‫ك‬ َ ِ‫ت ل‬ َ‫ن‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫د ْن َيا‬ ُّ ‫ة ال‬ ِّ ‫ف‬ ‫ُون‬ ُ ‫ص‬ ِ ‫ل اآل َيا‬ ِ‫م‬ ِ ‫ح َيا‬ َ ‫م َيعْ لَم‬ َ ِ‫ذل‬ َ ‫القِ َيا‬ َ ِ‫خال‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ‫ة َي ْو‬ ٍ ‫ق ْو‬ Say: Who hath forbidden the beautiful (gifts) of Allah. Thus do We explain the signs in detail for those who understand. and the things. for those who believe. which He hath produced for His servants. clean and pure. in the life of this world.032 (Al-Araaf ) GUIDELINES FOR HEALTH .

that which is sacrificed on stone (altars). the flesh of swine. and that on which hath been invoked the name of other than Allah. 005. or by being gored to death.Unhealthy food prohibited ُ ‫ما أ‬ َّ ْ‫و‬ ْ ْ ُ‫ق‬ ُ ْ ُ ‫علَ ْي‬ َ ْ ‫م‬ َ‫ن‬ َ ‫م ْن‬ َ َ َّ ْ‫ح‬ ْ ُ ‫ال‬ ‫ة‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ْر‬ ‫ي‬ ‫غ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ‫و‬ ‫ير‬ ‫ز‬ ‫ن‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫و‬ ‫م‬ ‫د‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ي‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ َّ ِ‫خ‬ ِ‫ب‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ َ ‫ه‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ ‫ت‬ َ ِّ‫حُر‬ ُ ُ ُ‫ك‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ُ ‫ما‬ ْ‫و‬ ْ‫و‬ ُ ‫يح‬ ُ ‫د َي‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ ‫م ْوقُو‬ ُ ‫ك ْي‬ َّ ‫ذ‬ َّ ‫وال‬ َ َ‫ما أ‬ ِّ ‫ر‬ ُ‫ب‬ ُ‫س‬ ُ ‫ال‬ ‫ح‬ َّ ‫ل ال‬ ِ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ب‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ع إِال‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ط‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫م َت‬ َ ُ ‫ذة‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ْ‫ت‬ ِ‫ذ‬ َ‫وأ‬ َ ‫األزالم‬ ْ ْ ُ ِ‫ذل‬ ُّ َ َ َ ْ‫س‬ ْ‫ن‬ ُ ‫فسْ ق‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ُوا‬ ‫م‬ ‫س‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ى‬ ‫عل‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ ِ َ َ ْ‫ك‬ ِ ِ Forbidden to you (for food) are: dead meat. that which hath been killed by strangling. that which hath been (partly) eaten by a wild animal. unless ye are able to slaughter it (in due form). or by a violent blow. or by a headlong fall.003 (Al-Maeda ) . (forbidden) also is the division (of meat) by raffling with arrows: that is impiety. blood.

among the generations before you. prohibiting (men) from mischief in the earth .About Environment   ْ ‫ن‬ ْ ‫ن‬ ُ ِ‫ق ْبل‬ َ ‫ض إِال‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ْ‫من‬ َ ‫فلَ ْوال‬ َ ٍ‫ي‬ ‫قلِيال‬ َّ ِ‫م أُولُو َبق‬ ِ ‫سا‬ ِ ‫ُون‬ ِ ‫ان‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ‫ه ْو‬ َ ‫ة َي ْن‬ َ‫م‬ َ ‫ك‬ ِ ْ‫د فِي األر‬ ْ‫ك‬ ِ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫القُر‬ ُ َ ‫ظلَمُوا‬ َ ‫ين‬ ُ ‫كا‬ َّ ‫وا‬ َ‫و‬ ‫ين‬ ُ ‫م ْن‬ ِ‫ر‬ ِ ‫في‬ ِ ‫رفُوا‬ ِ َّ‫ع ال‬ ِ ‫ج ْي َنا‬ ِ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ذ‬ َ ‫ت َب‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ممَّنْ أَ ْن‬ ْ‫ه‬ ِ ْ‫نوا مُج‬ ِ ‫ما أ ْت‬ Why were there not.116 (Hud )  .except a few among them whom We saved (from harm)? But the wrong-doers pursued the enjoyment of the good things of life which were given them. persons possessed of balanced good sense. 011. and persisted in sin.

About Personal Hygiene  ْ‫م‬ ُ‫ك‬ ٍ ‫ك َتا‬ ‫ون‬ ِ ‫فِي‬ َ ‫ب‬ ٍ ‫ن‬ In Book well-guarded.004 (Al-Muddaththir )  . ْ ‫ه إِال‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ُون‬ ُ ‫ال‬ ُ‫س‬ َّ ‫ط‬ ُّ ‫م‬ َ ‫هر‬ َ ‫ال َي‬ Which none shall touch but those who are clean: Al-Qur'an. 056.078-079 (Al-Waqia ) َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫ك‬ ْ‫طهِّر‬ ِ‫و‬ َ ‫ث َيا َب‬ َ And thy garments keep free from stain! 074.

" They ask thee how much they are to spend. for men.219 (Al-Baqarah ) . but the sin is greater than the profit. and some profit.Unhealthy social practices prohibited ْ‫و‬ ْ ‫ن‬ َّ ‫ع لِل‬ َ ‫ما إِ ْثم‬ َ ‫ال‬ ْ ُ‫ر ق‬ ْ‫خم‬ ُ‫م‬ ُ ‫وإِ ْث‬ ُ‫ف‬ ‫ما‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ْس‬ ‫ع‬ ِ ‫م َنا‬ ِ ‫ل‬ ِ ‫مي‬ َ‫ه‬ َ ‫اس‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫بير‬ َ ‫يه‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ‫ر‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫َيسْ ؤَلُو َن‬ ِ ‫ف‬ ِ ِ ِ ِ ِ َ َّ ُ‫ي َبيِّن‬ ْ ‫ل‬ َ‫ك‬ َ ‫ما‬ ْ‫ع‬ ْ ْ ُ َ‫َّللا ُ ل‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ْ‫ن‬ ُ ‫ك‬ ُ ‫ذا‬ ُ ‫م‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ك‬ ‫أ‬ ِ ِ َ ِ‫ذل‬ َ‫ف‬ َ ‫ال‬ َ ُ‫ي ْنفِق‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫و َيسْ ؤَلُو َن‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ‫ه‬ َ ُ‫ك‬ ِ ُ‫ون ق‬ ِ ُ َّ‫عل‬ َّ ‫ف‬ َ ‫م َت َت‬ ‫ُون‬ ِ ‫اآل َيا‬ َ ‫كر‬ َ َ‫ت ل‬ ْ‫ك‬ They ask thee concerning wine and gambling." Thus doth Allah Make clear to you His Signs: In order that ye may consider 002. Say: "What is beyond your needs. Say: "In them is great sin.

090.017 (Al-Balad) .Mental and spiritual health ُ ْ ‫ب‬ َّ ُ َ َ َ ْ ْ ‫ث‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اص‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫آ‬ ‫ين‬ ‫ذ‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ن‬ ‫م‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ك‬ ‫م‬ ‫ْر‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫اص‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫و‬ ‫ة‬ َّ ِ ِ ِ‫م‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ‫ح‬ َ ْ‫مر‬ َ ‫ال‬ َّ ِ ِ ِ Then will he be of those who believe. and enjoin deeds of kindness and compassion. and selfrestraint).  Al-Qur'an. and enjoin patience. (constancy.

punish them both.032 (AlIsra) َ َ ‫حا‬ ُ ‫ف‬ َ َّ‫والل‬ ُ ‫م ْن‬ َ ‫َّللا‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ ‫م‬ ‫ان َتوَّ ا ًبا‬ ُ ‫ع ْن‬ ُ ‫آذو‬ ِ ‫ها‬ ِ ‫ت َيا‬ ِ ْ‫ان َيؤ‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ‫ه‬ َ ‫رضُوا‬ َ َ‫وأَصْ ل‬ َ ‫فإِنْ َتا َبا‬ َ‫ه‬ َ‫ن‬ َ ْ‫ك‬ َ َّ َّ‫ما إِن‬ ِ ‫ذ‬ ِ ْ‫فؤع‬ ‫حيمًا‬ ِ ‫ر‬ َ If two men among you are guilty of lewdness. Leave them alone. for Allah is Oft-returning. Most Merciful. If they repent and amend. opening the road (to other evils).016 (An-Nisa) .Sexual Hygiene ً‫ش‬ ْ ‫وال َت‬ ِّ ‫ربُوا‬ َّ ِ‫الز َنا إ‬ َ ‫ح‬ َ ‫ان‬ َ ‫ه‬ ‫بيال‬ ُ‫ن‬ ِ ‫فا‬ َ ‫ء‬ َ ‫سا‬ َ ‫و‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ‫ق‬ َ ِ‫س‬ Nor come nigh to adultery: for it is a shameful (deed) and an evil. 017. 004.

And if ye find yourselves in difficulties. then spend (your substance) on them until they deliver their burden: and if they suckle your (offspring).006 (At-Talaq)  . give them their recompense: and take mutual counsel together. according to your means: Annoy them not. And if they carry (life in their wombs). according to what is just and reasonable. let another woman suckle (the child) on the (father's) behalf. so as to restrict them.Mother & Child Health ُ ‫حي‬ ُ ْ‫وإِن‬ ُ ِ‫ضارُّ وهُنَّ ل‬ ُ ‫وال‬ ُ‫د‬ ُ ‫ك ْن‬ ُ‫ك‬ َ‫س‬ ِّ ‫ض‬ ‫علَي‬ َّ‫كن‬ ِ ْ‫منْ وُ ج‬ ِ ‫م‬ ِ َّ‫نوهُن‬ ِ ْ‫أَس‬ َ َّ‫ْهن‬ َ ‫يقُوا‬ َ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ت‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ْث‬ َ ْ‫من‬ ْ‫ك‬ ْ‫ت‬ ِ ُ‫أ‬ َ ْ ُ ‫فآ‬ ُ َ‫ن ل‬ َ ُ َّ ‫ح‬ َ ‫م‬ َ َّ‫ملَهُن‬ َ ْ‫ح‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ع‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ق‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ؤ‬ ‫ف‬ ‫ْل‬ ‫م‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ت‬ ‫وال‬ َّ‫ُورهُن‬ ِ ِ َ ‫توهُنَّ أُج‬ َ ْ‫ضع‬ َ ْ‫فإِنْ أَر‬ َ ‫ن‬ َ ْ‫ضع‬ َ ‫تى َي‬ َ َّ‫ْهن‬ َ َ ْ‫ك‬ ٍ ِ ْ ُ ْ َ ُ ُ ُ َ َ َ َ ٍ ‫معْ رُو‬ ‫رى‬ ُ‫عل‬ ُ‫ض‬ ِ ْ‫ستر‬ ِ ‫وأت‬ َ ‫ه أخ‬ َ ‫مف‬ َ ‫عا‬ َ ‫وإِنْ ت‬ َ ‫ف‬ َ‫ب‬ َ ْ ‫سرْ ت‬ ْ ‫مرُوا َب ْينك‬ ِ ‫م‬ Let the women live (in 'iddat) in the same style as ye live. 065.

All three have equal importance and none can be sacrificed through the sword of the other. family and society. health is not a separate entity but one of the essential constituents of peace. family and social level. which comprise peace at the individual.On the basis of these verses.  There are three tiers of society: individual. Health therefore too has to involve all the three. . it is not difficult to conclude  In Islam.

unhealthy sexual practices . which more often than not becomes fatal or causes physical handicaps like blindness. (Alcohol. pork. etc.Prohibitions  Islam declares prohibited all those things and practices that do not form parts of the normal requirements of the body and can directly lead to the development of a disease. paralysis.

several foods.Makruh & Mustahab  Islam declares makruh or undesirable all those things and practices. nor lead to any physical handicap like blindness. which may harm the health but are neither usually fatal. Ablution. paralysis etc  Islam declares Mustahab or desirable or obligatory all those things and practices that have beneficial effect on the health of the individual or society in general. (Circumcision. Prayer. Istanja.) . etc.

Primary Prevention • Istanja (Washing of private parts after urinating).   1.Islam’s multi-pronged strategy to promote health and to treat illness. • Ghusal-Washing of private parts after intercourse and bathing as son as possible. which involves washing of the exposed organs and mouth reducing the risks of mouth infections. • Wudu (Ablution). skin infections and cancers and eye infections. cardiovascular problems. which will decrease the chances of sex related diseases.   . which has huge protective effects against the urogenital infection.

which all are the leading factors responsible for propagation of various sex related disorders  • Avoidance of sex during menses.Primary prevention in Islam • Total ban on premarital. homosexuality and prostitution. extramarital sex and promiscuity. which again is very important in preventing sex transmitted diseases. which again prevents from urogenital infections.  • A compulsory period of Iddah (waiting period) between two marriage partners.  .

which will prevent pathological gambling and suicides. serving and use of alcoholic beverages.  • Breast-feeding for two years that decreases the chances of a woman getting pregnant before the expiry of the 2 year period  .  • Total ban on all addicting substances including drugs and smoking.  • Total ban on gambling.Primary prevention in Islam • Total ban on the production.

which has a remarkable preventive effect on the infective diseases of teeth.  safe drinking water. sex transmitted diseases including AIDS and the Cancer of Cervix (among women). gums and several internal organs. is also a part of secondary prevention . can also be included as a method of secondary prevention.2-Secondary prevention:  vaccines.  Miswak (Brushing of teeth).  use of pastes and creams to prevent skin diseases  Circumcision that prevents from Phimosis. as it involves a surgical procedure. Paraphimosis.

and do not follow the footsteps of the evil one. 002. Lawful and good.Nutrition َ ُ َ ُ َّ َّ َ ً ْ‫األر‬ ِّ ‫َيا أ‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ط‬ ‫الال‬ ‫ح‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ف‬ ‫َّا‬ ‫م‬ ‫م‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ُ‫اس‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫بعُوا‬ ُّ ِ ِ َ َ َ ِ ِ ُ َ ُ ُ َ َّ َّ ُ ‫ُبين‬ ‫م‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ‫إ‬ ‫ان‬ ‫ْط‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫ط‬ ‫خ‬ ٌّ ِ َ َ ْ ِ ِ ِ  O ye people! Eat of what is on earth.168 (Al-Baqarah ) . for he is to you an avowed enemy.

Say: lawful unto you are (all) things good and pure:  005.Nutrition َّ ‫م‬ َ ‫م‬ ُ‫ل‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ل‬ ُ ‫ي َب‬ ْ ُ‫م ق‬ ِّ ‫الط‬ ُ‫ل‬ ‫ات‬ َّ ‫ح‬ َّ ‫ح‬ ِ ُ ‫اذا أ‬ ِ ُ‫ل أ‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫َيسْ ؤَلُو َن‬ ْ‫ه‬ ُ‫ك‬ They ask thee what is lawful to them (as food).004 (Al-Maeda )  .

but commit no excess therein.Moderation in eating ْ ‫وال َت‬ َ ْ‫من‬ ْ‫ز‬ ُ ‫ق َنا‬ ُ ُ ‫ل ْي‬ َ‫ع‬ َ‫ر‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ‫ط‬ ِّ ‫ط‬ ‫م‬ َّ ‫ح‬ ِ ‫ي َبا‬ ِ ‫كلُوا‬ ِ ‫ف َي‬ ِ ‫غ ْوا فِي‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫ما‬ َ ‫ت‬ َ ‫ل‬ ْ‫ك‬ ْ‫ك‬ َ‫ع‬ َ‫ف‬ َ ‫بي‬ ْ‫ق‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ْ ِ‫منْ َيحْ ل‬ ‫وى‬ ِ ‫ل ْي‬ َ‫ه‬ َ ‫د‬ َ ‫غ‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫بي‬ َ ‫غ‬ ِ‫ض‬ ِ‫ض‬ "Eat of the good things We have provided for your sustenance.081 (Ta-Ha ) . lest My Wrath should justly descend on you: and those on whom descends My Wrath do perish indeed! 020.

031 (Al-Araf [The Heights]) In one Hadith. .No excessive eating ُ‫خ‬ ُ ْ ْ ُ ُ ُ ُ ُ ‫م‬ َّ ِ‫رفُوا إ‬ َ َ ْ‫س‬ ْ‫س‬ ُ‫ن‬ ٍ ِّ ‫ه ال‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ال‬ ‫و‬ ‫ُوا‬ ‫ب‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ا‬ ‫و‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ‫و‬ ‫د‬ ‫ج‬ ‫م‬ ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ‫د‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ز‬ ‫وا‬ ‫ذ‬ َ َ ‫ني آ‬ ِ ِ ‫َيا َب‬ َ َ َ َ َ ْ َ‫د‬ ِ ِ ِ ْ ْ‫ُس‬ ُ ‫ين‬ ‫م‬ ‫ال‬ ُّ‫حب‬ ِ ‫ي‬ َ ِ‫رف‬ ِ O Children of Adam! wear your beautiful apparel at every time and place of prayer: eat and drink: But waste not by excess. for Allah loveth not the wasters.  007. Prophet (SAW) advised to keep 1/3 stomach empty when we finish the meal.

َ ‫هة‬ َ ‫ها‬ ‫ون‬ ِ ‫ِيرة‬ ِ ‫فا‬ َ ُ ‫كل‬ َ ‫م ْن‬ َ ‫كث‬ َ‫ك‬ َ ‫م فِي‬ ْ‫ك‬ from which ye shall have satisfaction. ye get out wholesome drink and food: behold. 036. in this also is a sign for those who are wise. 016.067 (An-Nahl)  . they shall have whatever they call for.057 (Ya-Seen)  ُ ْ‫ها َتؤ‬ ُ َ‫ ل‬Ye shall have therein abundance of fruit.043.073 (Az-Zukhruf) ُ ‫تخ‬ ً ‫ِك آل َي‬ َ ‫س ًنا إِنَّ فِي‬ ً‫ز‬ ْ‫ر‬ َّ ‫ب َت‬ َّ ‫ت ال‬ َ ِ‫ة ل‬ َ‫س‬ ‫ون‬ ُ ‫م ْن‬ ِ ْ‫م َيع‬ ِ ‫ون‬ ِ ‫واألعْ َنا‬ ِ ‫را‬ ِ‫و‬ َ ُ ‫قل‬ َ ‫ذل‬ َ ‫ح‬ َ ‫قا‬ َ ‫كرً ا‬ َ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ِذ‬ َ ‫ِيل‬ َ‫م‬ َ ‫منْ َث‬ َ ِ ‫نخ‬ ِ‫و‬ ٍ ‫ق ْو‬ And from the fruit of the date-palm and the vine.Emphasis on fruits and vegetables َ ‫ها‬ َّ ‫ما َي‬ ‫ُون‬ ُ َ‫ول‬ ُ َ‫ل‬ ِ ‫فا‬ َ ‫دع‬ َ ‫م‬ َ ‫هة‬ َ‫ك‬ َ ‫م فِي‬ ْ‫ه‬ ْ‫ه‬ (Every) fruit (enjoyment) will be there for them.

W) advised all Muslims to teach their children Swimming. .A. or with his companions collecting wood for fire. Archery Horse riding. He used to walk at fast pace He ran race with his wife. in the kitchen. Ayesha (Ra) He used to work with his hands whether at home.Value of exercise in maintaining health Prophet's (S.

smoking. and We have sent thee as a messenger to (instruct) mankind. diabetes. And enough is Allah for a witness. too much sugar. too much food. coronary heart disease. hyper-tension. stress and alcoholism . too much salt.079 (An-Nisa) Many of the common chronic illnesses. obesity and depression have common man-made etiology. but whatever evil happens to thee.4. peptic ulcer disease. is from Allah. that is rich food.Affliction with diseases ْ ‫منْ َن‬ َّ ‫ك لِل‬ َ ‫ة‬ َ ‫ة‬ ٍ ‫ي َئ‬ ِّ ‫س‬ ٍ ‫س َن‬ ‫اس‬ ِ‫ف‬ ِ‫ف‬ ِ ‫ك‬ ِ‫ف‬ ِ ‫ك‬ َ ‫س ْل َنا‬ َ ْ‫وأَر‬ َ ‫ك‬ َ ‫س‬ َ ْ‫من‬ َ ‫صا َب‬ َ َ ‫ما أ‬ َ‫و‬ َ ‫َّللا‬ ِ َّ ‫ن‬ َ‫م‬ َ ‫ح‬ َ ْ‫من‬ َ ‫صا َب‬ َ َ ‫ما أ‬ َ ِ ‫ن‬ َ ‫اَّلل‬ َ‫ك‬ َ‫و‬ ً ‫هي‬ ‫دا‬ ِ َّ ‫ب‬ َ ‫رسُوال‬ َ ِ‫ش‬ ِ ‫فى‬ Whatever good. (O man!) happens to thee. is from thy (own) soul.

if He touch thee with happiness.017 (Al-Anaam ) .   006. none can remove it but He.What to do when faced with disease? َّ َ ‫ف‬ َ ‫فال‬ َ ٍّ‫بضُر‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ك‬ ُ‫ل‬ ‫ك‬ ِ ‫ك‬ َ َ ْ‫سس‬ َ ْ‫وإِنْ َيم‬ َ ‫اش‬ َ ‫ُو‬ َ ‫ه إِال ه‬ َ ْ‫سس‬ َ ْ‫وإِنْ َيم‬ ُ ِ ُ ‫لى‬ َ‫ع‬ َ ‫ء‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫ْر‬ َ ‫ب‬ ِّ ‫ك‬ ‫دير‬ ِ‫ق‬ ٍ ْ‫شي‬ َ ‫ُو‬ َ ‫فه‬ ٍ ‫خي‬ ِ  "If Allah touch thee with affliction. He hath power over all things.

namely old age. should we make use of medical treatment? He replied: Make use of medical treatment. They asked: Apostle of Allah.Treatment:  Narrated Usamah ibn Sharik: The desert Arabs then came from here and there. for Allah has not made a disease without appointing a remedy for it. Abu Dawood . with the exception of one disease.

"There is no disease that Allah has created." .Treatment َّ َ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ِ ‫ل ْي‬ َ ُ‫َّللا‬ َ َّ َّ ْ َّ َ ْ‫ن‬ ْ‫ن‬ ‫صلَّى‬ ‫ن‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ع‬ ‫ه‬ ُ ‫ن‬ ‫ع‬ ‫َّللا‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ض‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ة‬ ‫ْر‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ُر‬ ‫ه‬ ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫أ‬ ‫ع‬ ‫م‬ ‫سل‬ ِ َ ِّ‫بي‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ َ ‫و‬ َ ُ َ ِ ِ َّ ‫ل‬ َّ ِ‫ء إ‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ َ ‫ما أَ ْن‬ َ‫ش‬ َ ‫ال أَ ْن‬ ً ‫َّللاُ دَا‬ ً ‫فا‬ ‫ء‬ ُ‫ل‬ ِ ‫ه‬ َ ‫ل‬ َ ‫قا‬ َ ‫ز‬ َ ‫ز‬ Narrated Abu Hurairah: The Prophet said. except that He also has created its treatment.

a.Contemporary Medicine and Muslim Physicians role 3-Dua and Tarqyah.Historically Muslim physicians took a lead in this field like Ibn Sina. b. Al Razi. Ibn Rushd. .Therapeutic modalities 1-Natural products including food and herbs which we find in Prophetic Medicine 2-Medical and surgical products and techniques discovered through research and studies.

Mental and Spiritual Health   Stress is the most common root cause of mental and spiritual aliment of modern age.  c.  b. Stress results from the following factors: a-Fear of the unknown and trying to see through and control the destiny. Inner conflict between our heart and mind between what is known to be the truth and our failure to accept it as truth. Losses in our life of people and things dear to us and our inability to recover those losses. .

Let us examine how Quran deals with such situations ْ‫و‬ ْ ‫ن‬ ُ‫ل َن ْبل‬ ْ ‫و َن‬ ُ َّ َ َ َ ْ ْ‫ي‬ ‫ب‬ ‫م‬ ‫ك‬ ‫ن‬ ‫و‬ ‫و‬ ‫ج‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ف‬ ‫و‬ ‫خ‬ ‫ال‬ ‫م‬ ‫ء‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ن‬ ِ ِ ِ ‫ص‬ ٍ ٍ ‫ق‬ َ َ َ َ َ َ‫م‬ َ ‫ُوع‬ ْ ِ ‫األمْو‬ ِ ِ َّ ِّ ‫ين‬ ‫َّاب‬ ‫ص‬ ‫ال‬ ‫ر‬ ‫ش‬ ‫ب‬ ‫و‬ ‫ت‬ ‫ا‬ ‫ر‬ ‫م‬ ‫الث‬ ‫و‬ ِ َ ‫ر‬ َ َ َ َ َ ‫س‬ َ ِ ُ‫واأل ْنف‬ ِِ ِ Be sure we shall test you with something of fear and hunger. but give glad tidings to those who patiently persevere. some loss in goods or lives or the fruits (of your toil).155 (Al-Baqara) .  2.

to believe in God or not to believe in Him.3 Conclusions  A-In Islam. we do not have concept of the ownership of goods and life. So if we don't own that thing why mourn our loss? B. Rejection of faith in Quran is called a disease. Worrying over such things is of no use. This denial of truth is due to arrogance . We do not have control on that part. C. that is our actions. our choice to do good or bad. Everything belongs to God and returns to him. What we have control over is a limited free will.Our destiny is predetermined.

greed. save that whenever my Lord has mercy. merciful. Lord is forgiving. and ego. envy. gratification of physical appetite. . passion and self gratification . Its concerns are pleasure of body.3 stages of spiritual development of soul  a." 12:53 (Surah Yusuf) This soul inclines toward sensual pleasure. anger. Lo. Nafsul Ammara: -The Passionate soul "I do not absolve myself Lo the (human) soul is prone to evil. and conceit.

" . He who feels this impulse should know that it comes from Allah. repents and tries to amend and hopes to achieve salvation. and pardon. Nafsul Lawamah (The Reproaching Soul). Hadith "These are two impulses within us. Another impulse comes from our enemy (Devil) which leads to doubt and holds untruth and encourages evil. "Nay. He who feels this should seek refuge in Allah from the accursed devil. I swear by the reproaching soul" 75:1 This soul is conscious or aware of Evil. One spirit which calls towards good and confirms the truth.Nafsul Lawamah  b. resists it. asks for God's grace.

Purified of tension. content and peace. Enter you then among my devotees." 89:27-30 This is the highest state of spiritual development. It will return to God. it emerges from the struggle with obstacles blocking the peace of mind and heart. will pleased (yourself) and will pleasing unto him. The satisfied soul (Nafsul Mutmainnah). "O (you) soul in (complete) rest and satisfaction. The soul is at peace because it knows that inspite of its failures in this world. .Nafsul Mutmainnah  c. enter you in my heaven. satisfied soul is the state of bliss. Come back to your Lord.

Lo He was ever forgiving. For God is with those who are steadfast. "O you who believe. Verify in the remembrance of God. seek help with steadfastness and prayer." 2:153 c. Increase dhikr (Remembrance of God) "who have believed and whose heart have Rest in the remembrance of God. do hearts find rest. Increase their prayer.What should we do in panic and despair?  a. Ask forgiveness "And I have said: seek forgiveness from your Lord." 71:10 ." 13:28 b.

 The spiritual care involves the acts of worship A.Salat: There are three health aspects of Salat I. Wadu: Washing all the exposed areas of the body. Iman-The essence of belief is to rid ourselves of all false Gods around us. or within us. and to worship no one except God alone. hand.  B. 5 times a day is a healthy preventive procedure . nostrils etc. mouth. feet. face.

and involve all muscles and joints. mind and heart. uniform. Recitation of Quran: Has a healing effect on body.Salaah  2. These healing effects are due to the effect of sound (Echo) and the meaning.  3-The movement in Salaat are mild. .

and body in self-restraints." . so that you can learn self-restraint.Fasting  D. "O you who believe is prescribed to you. as it was prescribed to those before you. Sawm: The Islamic fasting: Islamic fasting is prescribed as way training of our mind.

Zakah  Zakat (Charity): The word itself means purification and growth. Here it is meant to imply the purification of legitimately earned wealth. . and in the love of money one becomes violent in behavior.  Many of our crimes are committed with money or for love of money.

a requirement for all able men and women .Hajj (Pilgrimage to Mecca): Few of the spiritual and health benefits are:  Learn Prophet lbrahim's submission and absolute surrender to God's will. the opportunity for repentance. and equality  Programming and testing us for physical endurance.  The social and political gathering of the Ummah  Depicting brotherhood.

It is this approach.Therapeutic Sociology  Finding social solutions to problems arising out of social practices or changes. which is consistent with the System envisaged in the Quran. The medical solutions should be an important supplement to the social solution. .

. • To campaign for establishing and strengthening a health-protective and promoting family system. • To campaign for establishing and strengthening a health-protective and promoting social system. family. national and international. social.Aims of therapeutic sociology  • To ensure that the supremacy of health is never compromised with in the affairs at different levels: individual.

• To aggressively campaign against the institutions that are involved in practices that increase dangers for the lives of human beings.Aims of Therapeutic Sociology  To ensure that the national and international laws are rewritten to safeguard health. • To conduct health impact studies of different socioeconomic developments and spread awareness about them. • To ensure that substances and practices that are decidedly dangerous for human beings are not allowed to exist or at least prosper. . • To create atmospheric and environmental conditions suitable for promotion of health.

• To lay an equal stress on the health of both the genders: men and women. • To focus on both the primary and secondary preventive methods. • To promote such customs and rituals as are beneficial for individual’s health. pediatric. women and children. • To unveil the designs of economic and political forces. youth. . family health and the health of the masses. adolescent. so that they are not able to do anything that endangers health in any way. middle aged and geriatric. • To lay an equal stress on the survival and health of all the human beings in different stages of lives: fetus.Aims of Therapeutic Sociology • To promote a model of family health that is conducive for the health of men.

Conclusion  Described the WHO definition of health and healing and their critical analysis  In the light of Quranic verses. Tahara .  Quran’s injunctions regarding Health including Fundamental Duties and Fundamental Prohibitions were presented  Islam’s strategy for health and healing includes the following:  1-Prevention a-Primary . Nutrition .Secondary  2-Treatment of Diseases  a.Medical and surgical therapies discovered by research and studies.Exercise b. presented Islamic principles of health and healing.Natural therapy like food and herbal products  b.  3-Mental Health  4-Spiritual Health  5-Therapeutic Sociology .

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