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Mark Anthony A.

Manalastas BS Development Communication III-A

 Considered as a backyard activity among farmers. Carabao (Bubalus bubalis)  Commonly raised livestock specie in the Philippines and Region VII in particular.  Gained remarkable importance in the past years as a vital component in food sustainability and income to farmers.considered as the farmer’s inseparable partner in his farming activities.  “Asian animal” approximately 97% of the world buffalo population is concentrated in Asia . .  “Water buffalo” .

In the Philippines.9 million head of which approximately 72% are used for farm operations. . the water buffalo population is approximately 2.

Two types: Swamp type River type .

River Type exemplified by the Indian and subcontinent breeds considered under the dairy category because it possesses high genetic capacity for milk production Good river type cows under Philippine conditions produce about 1.384 kg milk for an average lactation period of 287 days .

.Swamp Type distinguished by its natural preference for swamps or marshlands it is where the Philippine carabao belongs primarily utilized for farm work usually slaughtered and the meat is sold as carabeef meat is inferior in quality and has developed a prejudice among consumers but when carabaos are fed. managed and slaughtered at the same age as cattle. the meat is as good as beef.

respectively. The color is light gray in general with two stripes or chevron distinct on the ventral side of the neck. Thai buffalo  Origin in Thailand. Breeds . Color is lighter on the legs and outside of the body and the ears. Massive and strong horn to form a moonlike crescent with ends upwards. Upper surface of horns has grooves. Low wide and heavy built body with sufficient type for draft and meat. The average mature weight for male is 500 kgs while the female is 425 kgs with and average milk production of 1. Daily average milk production is 0. Philippine carabao  Philippine origin. one near the brisket and the other near jaw.9-1. Black color and the hair is relatively loan as compared to some other types. 2.45 – 2.0 kg.For the Swamp type: 1.64 kgs per day. Average weight for male and female is 540 kgs and 400 kgs.  Horn is generally curved outward and inward to form a semi-circle from the base of the head. Strong and broad bodied animals with prominent muscling in neck chest and back.

Average weight for mature male is 499 kgs while the female weighs 408 kgs with 5 – 6 kgs daily milk production.For the River type: 1. . short limbs. Jet black in color with white switch in the tail. Murrah  India by origin. Horn is tightly and spirally curled. Surti  originated in India. wedge shape conformation. Udder and teats are well developed. The skin is black or reddish and the hair gray to rusty brown. respectively with an average milk production of 5 – 7 kg a day. Horns coil downward and upward to form a hook. teats are black. In bulls the front is much more developed while the hind portion is narrow. 2. and light neck and head. Massive and stocky built. long and stout. skin texture is soft and fine. broad hips and drooping quarter. The color is black or brown. Wedge shape conformation. Male and female average weight is 625 and 525 kgs.

Problems and Prospects Poor reproductive capacity Low productivity High mortality Poor marketing Unrealistic credit facilities .

March 28. 2008 Thank You! .Source: EntrePinoys Atbp.