\

=

.

\

c
c
c
c  1
D
D
D
D
D
D D
t
p
r
p
r
r r c
c
=


.

\

c
c
c
c 1
1. Dimensionless Radius
2. Dimensionless Time
3. Dimensionless pressure
D ch
t t t =
D ch
r r r =
w ch
r r =
k
c r
t
t w
ch

2
=
kh
Bq
p
ch
t
2
=
D ch i
p p p p =
hr
0002637 . 0
1
md
psi
1
cp ft
1
2
=
psi
007082 . 0
1
ft md
cp
day
bbl
2
1
=
t
t
c r
k
t
t w
D

2
0002637 . 0
=
1 md = 9.869233 10
16
m
2
1 bbl = 0.1589873 m
3
1 psi = 6894.757 Pa
1 ft = 0.3048 m
1 cp = 0.001 Pa s
1 day= 243600 s
1 hr = 3600 s
( ) p p
Bq
kh
p
i D
=
007082 . 0 ( ) p p
Bq
kh
p
i D
=
2 . 141
1
or
InfiniteActing
D
D
D
D
D
D D
t
p
r
p
r
r r c
c
=


.

\

c
c
c
c 1
0 ) , (
0
=
=
D
t
D D D
r t p
1
1
=


.

\

c
c
=
D
r
D
D
D
r
p
r
Inner boundary: constant rate
initial
( ) 0 , =
D
r D D D
t r p
No outer boundary, virgin pressure "at very far"
Cylindrical solution
Line source solution (Exp Integral)
Log approximation
Other outer boundary conditions
No flow: circular shape
No flow: rectangular area (MBH method)
Constant pressure outer boundary
0 =
(
c
c
=
eD D
r r
D
D
D
r
p
r
0 ) , ( =
=
eD D
r r
D D D
t r p
0 =
(
c
c
=
eD D
x x
D
D
x
p
Incorporating wellbore st. and skin into
the inner boundary condition
1
1
=


.

\

c
c
=
D
r
D
D
D
r
p
r
1
1
=


.

\

c
c
=
D
r
D
D
D
D
wD
D
r
p
r
dt
dp
C
s t r p
r
p
r s t r p t p
r
p
r
D
D
D
D
r
D D D
r
D
D
D
r
D D D D wD
r
D
D
D
+ =


.

\

c
c
+ = =


.

\

c
c
=
=
=
=
1
1
1
1
) , ( ) , ( ) ( 1
Constant prod rate:
Constant wb prod rate
+ wellbore storage:
Constant wb prod rate
+ skin:
Constant prod rate
+ wellbore storage
+ skin:
1
1
1
) , ( ) ( 1
=
=
=


.

\

c
c
+ = =


.

\

c
c
D
D
D
r
D
D
D
r
D D D D wD
r
D
D
D
D
wD
D
r
p
r s t r p t p
r
p
r
dt
dp
C
1
1
) , (
=


.

\

c
c
c
c
+
c
c
=
= D
D
r
r
D
D
D
D D
D D D
D
wD
r
p
r
t
s
t
t r p
dt
dp
1
) , (
1 1
1
=


.

\

c
c
(
(


.

\

c
c
c
c
+
c
c
= =
= D D
D
r
r
D
D
D
r
D
D
D
D D
D D D
D
r
p
r
r
p
r
t
s
t
t r p
C
Buildup analysis
Type curve
Concept
Derivative
Match
Time regions
Wellbore storage distortion
Middle time:
Line source solution (Exp Integral solution)
Log approximation
Superposition in time
MDH (k, s)
Horner (k,s, p*)
Late time
Modified Muskat
Distance to fault in otherwise infinite
acting reservoir
Horner analysis: double slope (for fault)
Type Curve Analysis (derivative) (for fault)
Average pressure (in not infinite acting)
Horner+MBH
Modified Muskat