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Types
 Hydraulic Brakes  Disc Brakes  Drum Brakes  Dual System
 Antilock Brake System (ABS)

Brake System Principles
 Kinetic Energy (tenaga    

gerak Mass Weight(berat/beban) Speed( kecepatan) Inertia and Momentum(kelesuan dan daya gerak)

Using Brake  Not an “Emergency” Brake  Used specifically to keep a parked vehicle from moving  Usually on rear wheels only  Mechanically operated  Static Friction: at rest friction.More friction  Kinetic Friction: in motion frictionless friction .

Typical Using Brake .

Service Brakes  Primary Braking System  Should be stronger than the engine  Hydraulic Operated assisted  Disc System  Drum System  Dual System  Can be Vacuum. Hydro or Motor .

Typical System .

Hydraulic Principles  Fluids cannot be compressed  Fluids can transmit Movement  Acts “Like a steel rod” in a closed container  Master cylinder transmits fluid to wheel cylinder or caliper piston bore.  Fluids can transmit and increase force Force Area Pressure .

Hydraulics  Simplified Hydraulic Brake System  Drum Brake  Master Cylinder  Disc Brake .

Hydraulic pressure is distributed equally in all directions .

Same line pressure to all wheels .

but the applied force can be changed by the piston size .The Hydraulic pressure is the same.

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The applied pressure can be raised or lowered by piston size .

5 inch .5 inches 5 0.Brake Pedal Design  First Mechanical Advantage is Driver’s foot  Length of Lever determines force applied  Uses Fulcrum  Pedal Ratio 10 2 5:1 2.

. a 10lb force on the pedal produces 360 lbs of force at the friction surface.System Basics  Hydraulic actuation allows multiplication of pedal force.  In this system.

Drum Brakes  Expanding shoes create force on the inner surface of the drum  Used on the rear of some trucks and SUV’s  Self-energizing design requires less activation force  Require periodic adjustment .

Drum Brake System .

. These spaces allow air to pass through. which helps carry heat away.Vented Rotors Vented Rotors have Fins in the spaces between their machined surfaces.

Nonvented Rotor Non Vented Rotors are used on smaller vehicles. and have no cooling fins .

Disc Brake Caliper Assembly .

They have pistons on both sides of the disc.Caliper Types There are 2 types of Calipers  Fixed  Calipers are disc brakes that use a caliper that is FIXED in position and does not slide. There may be 2 or 4 pistons per caliper  Floating  Much more common  Single Piston  Easier to work with  On “inboard” side of caliper .

Fixed Caliper •Motorcycles and some import trucks and cars use this type •Similar to bicycle brakes .

Sliding Caliper  Applies pressure to two pads on opposite sides of rotor  Caliper  Sliding  Fixed  Friction Material exposed to air .

Fixed Caliper  Applies two pistons to opposite sides of rotor  Caliper stays stationary  Disc Brakes require higher hydraulic pressure .

Brake Noise Wear Indicator .

Brake Pulsation Usually a warped Rotor Rotor needs trued on a brake lathe .

Anti-Lock Brakes  A locked (sliding) wheel offers less braking force than a decelerating rolling wheel  The locked wheel also produces little lateral force. preventing steering control  Anti-Lock systems (ABS) monitor wheel lock-up and modulate brake pressure to provide controlled braking under most circumstances .

3 or 4 channels  Trucks typically use 3 channel with only one sensor for the rear axle  Most modern cars use 4 channel system  Wheel speed sensors monitor each wheel speed  ABS controller and high-pressure pump increase or reduce pressure to wheels in order to maintain consistent wheel speeds .Anti-Lock Brakes  System can have 2.

Other Braking Systems  Air Brakes  Exhaust Brakes  Electric or Trailer Brake .