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Gender and Power

Prepared by: Crizel Potante E4K

Gender and Power .

.Gender and Power • Gender  Refers to the different ways men and women play in society. and to the relative power they wield.

.• Power • It is a basic fabric of society and is possessed in varying degrees by social actors in diverse social categories individuality of one person or group of people becomes so dominant that freedom for the other is compromised.

. education. roles of authority and decision making.Women and children have often been on the abusive side of power Some causes that are often referred to are: • The greater physical strength that men tend to have creates the imbalance of power between men and women resulting from social structures and historical practices in regard to finances.

• The abuse of power by men and the failure of cultural pressures to prevent such abuse. • Distorted view of sexuality and the objectification of the female. .

.Max Weber • He defined power as the likelihood a person may achieve personal end despite possible resistance from others.

. • As a group women are at a distinct disadvantage when considering both power and authority.Max Weber • He also considered ways in which power can be achieved through justice.

confidence .Determinants of Power • status resources • experience • self.

By virtue of the male’s greater ascribed status in society. men have more legitimate power (based on rank or position) than do women. .Males and female have had differing amounts of power a person.

with more women working than in the past and women possessing approximately a third of all management positions. and are included in fewer networks and exert less authority than men in similar positions. is not merely academic.• The issue of women’s power. women continue to experience wage discrimination. • For example. advance more slowly in their careers and experience fewer benefits from obtaining education or work experience. be excluded from the most powerful executive positions. although women have made significant gains in the workplace. . Gender differences in power have real consequences for women. relative to men.

GENDER AND EDUCATION .

with both “instrumental” as well as “intrinsic” arguments made for increasing financial investment and policy attention to education provision.GENDER AND EDUCATION • The past decade has witnessed a significant increase in the importance accorded to education. .

.GENDER AND EDUCATION • Investing in education is seen as one of the fundamental ways in which nation states and their citizens can move toward long term development goals and improve both social and economic standards of living.

and providing the substance of long term gender equality and social change.GENDER AND EDUCATION • The education of women is seen as providing the key to securing intergenerational transfers of knowledge. .

. Researchers have documented the differential treatment accorded males and females in the classrooms that reinforces a sense of inferiority and lack of initiative among female students.GENDER AND EDUCATION • School also reinforce gendered social roles.

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