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 Argentina is the second largest country in
South America and eighth in the world.
 It is situated in the southern extreme of
South America
 Its capital is Buenos Aires.
 Its official name is “Argentine Republic”.
 Argentina is bounded by Bolivia and
Paraguay to the north , Brazil and Uruguay
to the north-east and east, the Atlantic
Ocean in the east and south, Chile on the
 It is divided into six major geographical
 The North-West.
 The Pampas.
 Cuyo.
 The North-East.
 Mesopotamia.
 The Patagonia.
 The North West :The provinces of the
North-west region include Jujuy, Salta,
Tucuman, Catamarca and La Rioja. The
North-west is a mountainous region, which
includes Andean peaks of up to 7,000
metres above sea level.
 The Pampas: The provinces of this area
are: Buenos Aires, Santa Fe, La Pampa
and the south eastern part of Córdoba. It is
situated in the central-eastern region of
Argentina, formed by vast expanses of
plains and pastures. It covers
approximately one quarter of Argentina's
total land area.
 Cuyo: This region in the centre-west of
Argentina covers the provinces of
Mendoza, San Luis and San Juan. Located
in Mendoza is the highest mountain of
America, the Aconcagua (6,959 metres).
 The North-East: This region, called the
Chaco, includes the provinces of Chaco,
Formosa and the North of Santiago del
 Mesopotamia: The provinces of Misiones,
Corrientes and Entre Rios lie in this region
 The Patagonia: This region is the largest
and includes the provinces of Rio Negro,
Neuquén, Chubut, Santa Cruz, Tierra del
Fuego and the South Atlantic Islands.
 The rivers in Argentina include the
Pilcomayo, Paraguay, Bermejo, Colorado,
Río Negro, Salado, Uruguay and the
largest river, the Paraná.
 Forming the estuary of Río de la Plata,
before meeting the Atlantic Ocean.
 The climate is predominantly temperate
with extremes ranging from subtropical in
the north . It is characterized by very hot,
humid summers with mild drier winters, and
is subject to periodic droughts
 Central Argentina has hot summers with
thunderstorms and cool winters.
 The southern regions have warm summers
and cold winters with heavy snowfall,
especially in mountainous zones.
 Argentina culture has been largely influenced by
European some Amerindian and African
influences, particularly in the fields of music and
 Buenos Aires and other cities show a
mixture of architectural styles imported from
 Museums, cinemas and galleries are
abundant in all the large urban centers, as
well as traditional establishments such as
literary bars, or bars offering live music of a
variety of genres.
 By rail: The main international railway goes
from Buenos Aires to Asuncion in
Paraguay. There are direct connections
with Bolivia, Brazil, Chile and Paraguay as
 By road: Argentina has a road system
approximately 217762 kilometre long. The roads
connecting with Uruguay, Brazil, Paraguay,
Bolivia and Chile are well kept
 Fluvial: There are ferries going through the
Paraná River in Uruguay, and connecting
Buenos Aires with Montevideo in Uruguay.

Every airline flying to Argentina arrives at the
Ezeiza (Ministro Pastrini) Airport, located 35
kilometres away from the centre of the city of
Buenos Aires, Federal Capital.
 The airlines operating in Argentina: Iberia,
Air Europe, Air France, Alitalia, American
Airlines, British Airways, KLM, Lufthansa
and United Airlines.
 The country has a wide variety of landscapes to
the glaciers of Antarctica.
 Its most famous attraction is Buenos Aires, the
Capital, the location of the worlds most largest
thoroughfare and the worlds largest Opera house
(Teatro Colon).
 The historic Cabildo (the town hall), the pink
Casa Rosada (the presidential palace) and the
Cathedral are located in the Plaza de May, the
heart of the city.
 Outside Buenos Aires there are many other
attractions. Tigre is a popular weekend and
holiday spot, situated in a delta of the
Parana River 18 miles from Buenos Aires.
 The Mar del Plata about 250 miles south of
Buenos Aires, is a famous resort and
playground with private clubs and summer
estates of the wealthy.
 In the northwest region, Cordoba, the
capital city of Cordoba Province, is the
second largest city of Argentina.
 The foothills of the Andes are in southern
Argentina in Patagonia. Patagonia
stretches from Central Argentina to Strait of
 Uruguay is located in the south-eastern part of
South America.
 Its capital known as Montevido
 Its official name is “República Oriental del
 Uruguay is located on the east coast of South
America south of Brazil and east of Argentina
 The country consists of a low, rolling plain in
the south and a low plateau in the north.
 River basins or deltas; the Río de la Plata, the
Uruguay River, the Laguna Merín and the Río
 The major internal river is the Río Negro ('black
river'). Several lagoons are found along the
Atlantic coast.

 The climate in Uruguay is temperate: it has
warm summers and cold winters.
 Seasons are fairly well defined, and in most of
Uruguay spring is usually damp, cool, and
windy; summers are warm; autumns are mild;
and winters are chilly and uncomfortably damp.
 North-western Uruguay, however, is farther from
large bodies of water and therefore has warmer
summers and milder and drier winters
 Uruguay has an impressive legacy of artistic
and literary traditions, especially for its small
 The Uruguayan people revel in the art of theatre
as well as many musical and dance traditions.
 The tango has an entire sub-culture centered on
movement, music, and lyrics.
 General arts and crafts, Uruguayans are
excellent in creating the most beautiful
handcrafted leather goods.
 Home-grown leather is transformed into belts,
boots, hats, and purses.
 Uruguayans are also renowned for their
handmade woollen items, especially woollen
 Most international flights to/from
Montevideo’s Aeropuerto Carrasco pass
through Buenos Aires.
 Direct flights go to Porto Alegre,
Florianópolis, Rio and São Paulo (Brazil),
Asunción (Paraguay) and Santiago (Chile).
There are also flights to Santa Cruz de la
Sierra and La Paz (Bolivia), & Havana
(Cuba) via Buenos Aires.
 The principal attractions in Uruguay is
Montevideo, the capital which is situated on
a bay with beautiful beaches.
 The major attraction in Montevideo is the
Palacio Salvo. The municipal palace
contains two fine museums: the museum of
Art History and the museum of Pre-
Columbian and Colonial Art.