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easYgen-3200 Training

Section 9 - Synchronization and Breaker Logic

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Contents
Introduction Synchronization Breaker Logic FAQ Exercises Slide 3 4 9 31 32

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Introduction
Introduction
Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

The easYgen-3200 is able to perform synchronization of the generator across the generator circuit breaker to a common bus as well as synchronizing the common bus to a utility across the mains circuit breaker. It is possible to configure the easYgen-3200 for either slip or phase matching synchronization and the acceptable breaker closure window. By adding SPM-D/10 synchronizers to the system, up to four generator common busses and three tie breakers may be operated.

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Synchronization
Introduction

The easYgen-3200 has a synchroscope in the display

Synchronization
Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

Bus/mains voltages

Bus/mains frequencies

Voltage/ frequency differential

Phase angle L1

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Synchronization
Introduction

Synchronization
Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

Slip synchronization Configurable frequency window Configurable voltage window Configurable synch. frequency differential Configurable breaker closing time
Used to calculate when breaker close pulse is issued

-90

+90

180

Formula for calculating phase angle at closing command Phase angle = 360o * (Frequency differential) * (breaker closing time)

Example: Phase angle = 360o * (0.3 Hz) * (0.2 sec) = 21.6

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Synchronization
Introduction

Slip synchronization
0
o

Synchronization
Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

Define close pulse duration Define stable timer Define maximum voltage differential

-90

+90

180

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Synchronization
Introduction

Phase matching
Select Configure MCB or GCB Define stable timer Define voltage differential window Define positive and negative phase angle window limits Define dwell time

Synchronization
Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

-90

+90

180

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Synchronization
Introduction

Multiple synchronization modes


RUN

Synchronization
Breaker logic FAQ Exercise

Active synchronization is performed. Bias signals to the governor and voltage regulator are active and breaker close commands are issued. Passive synchronization performed. Bias signals to the governor and voltage regulator are not active but breaker close commands are issued. Active synchronization is simulated. Bias signals to the governor and voltage regulator are active but breaker close commands are not issued. The synchronization can be disabled

-90

+90

PERMISSIVE

180

CHECK

OFF

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The synchronization modes can be changed via a LogicsManager output

Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

The following MCB/GCB transition modes are available: 1 Parallel Base load or import / export Soft load / unload 2 Interchange Parallel for a limited time Soft load transfer 5 External External breaker control (PLC) Only open commands issued 3 Closed transition Make before break Block loading / unloading 4 Open transition Break before make Only dead busbar closing

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Only if application mode = GCB/MCB

Breaker logic may be changed via the LogicsManager


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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

1. Parallel
Baseload Import / Export

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

CT
2

CT
3

Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

220 kW
2

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
0 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Synchronize GCB

220 kW
2

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Generator soft loads

110 kW
2

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Synchronize GCB

0 kW

110 kW

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Generator soft loads

110 kW

0 kW

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Open MCB command issued at zero power measurement


0 kW

110 kW

CT
3

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

2. Interchange
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Plant load all on generators

110 kW CT

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

3. Closed transition Both breakers closed for max 500 ms

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

220 kW
2

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

3. Closed transition
0 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Synchronize GCB

220 kW
2

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

3. Closed transition
220 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

3. Closed transition
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

110 kW

Synchronize GCB
220 kW
Load

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

3. Closed transition
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

110 kW

Generator soft loads


220 kW
Load

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

4. Open transition

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

220 kW
2

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

4. Open transition

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Transfer time GCBMCB controls how long the load bus is de-energized

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

4. Open transition
220 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Dead bus closure

220 kW
Load
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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

4. Open transition
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

0 kW

Synchronize GCB
220 kW
Load

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

4. Open transition
110 kW
1

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

110 kW

Generator soft loads


220 kW
Load

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

5. External
Breaker control performed externally (PLC)
Breaker open command depending on alarm class Generator unloaded performed prior to open command

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

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Breaker logic
Introduction Synchronization

The MCB operates only if Enable MCB = TRUE


The default configuration is as follows:

Breaker logic
FAQ Exercise

Closing of MCB stops if alarm occurs

No closing if field rotation is wrong

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FAQ
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic

How do I define the operating ranges for synchronization ?


The operating ranges are utilized for permitting breaker closures and defining when an emergency mode should be initiated.

FAQ
Exercise

Generator

Mains

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Exercise
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ

Configure the following application:


1. You are commissioning an emergency standby generator for a manufacturing plant. Select a breaker logic for the test run where the generator assumes the entire plant load and then separates from the utility. The test mode must be initiated via a discrete input.
A second breaker logic mode is desired where the generator assumes the entire plant load but still remains paralleled with the utility.

Exercise

2.

Load

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Solution
Introduction Synchronization

1) Test mode with the generator running isolated from mains


Configure the alarm class for DI 10 as control

Breaker logic FAQ

Exercise

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Solution
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ

1) Test mode with the generator running isolated from mains


Select transition mode Interchange to open the breaker at zero power

Exercise

Mains CT required!
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Solution
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ

1) Test mode with the generator running isolated from mains


Use discrete input 10 also as start command via Start in Auto

Exercise

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Solution
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ

2) Test mode with the generator running parallel to mains


Select Parallel transition mode and configure the Load set point to Import 0 kW

Exercise

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Solution
Introduction Synchronization Breaker logic FAQ

2) Test mode with the generator running parallel to mains


Use discrete input 10 also as start command via Start in Auto

Exercise

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End of this presentation


Other sections are :
1 Overview
2 Hardware and I/O 3 Operational Modes 4 Configuration and ToolKit 5 Communication 6 LogicsManager 7 Analog Manager

8 Controller

9 Synchronization and breaker


10 Application 11 Sequencing

Thank you for your attention


Note:
Information contained herein is intended for and appropriate to the purposes of this publication/presentation. Woodward reserves the right to update or otherwise revise any portion of this publication at any time. Technical data and detailed information is available in Woodward product specs. Specific reliance should be given only to information contained in purchase order(s), other contractual document(s), or information otherwise expressly represented in writing by Woodward as correct and accurate for the specific facts, circumstances and applications.
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