16 views

Uploaded by Vam Armodia

sdfsfsf

- 30BQ060PbF
- 10.2348.ijset09151146
- Elecs 1_Diode Circuits.pptx
- Example Diode Circuit Transfer Function
- Lecture 5 Ohm Meters
- LG 29FU1RNX CW71A
- GATE2018-EE Schedule 2
- Data Sheet
- 4 Rectifier
- Diodes
- TR_Sets
- f30u60dn
- Excitation Rectifier Transformers Selection and Calculation
- eAutoFresh Manual.
- 03DPK047_DSPK_MPFS_PTZTE_20170221
- SS16-D
- Electronics%20I%20-%20Lab%202
- datasheet (4).pdf
- Gamatronic - UPS Power Systems.pdf
- Ch a p t e r

You are on page 1of 22

Chapter 03

Objectives

At the end of this chapter, the student should

be able to:

Describe the operation of a half-wave rectifier circuit. Trace the current path in a full-wave bridge rectifier circuit. Calculate ac sensitivity and the value of multiplier resistors for half-wave and full-wave rectification.

Outline ntroduction: !hat is AC" d#Arsonval with $alf-wave %ectification d#Arsonval with &ull-wave %ectification

3

Introduction

*everal types of meter movements maybe used to measure AC current or voltage. The five principal meter movements used in ac instruments are listed in the table below:

Introduction

No 1 2 3 4 5 Meter Movement Electrodynamometer $ron-%ane Electro-static +(ermoco)ple D/Arsonval DC Use YE YE YE YE YE AC Use YE YE YE YE Applications tandard meter! "attmeter! etc# $ndicator applications! etc# &i'( volta'e meas)rement* ,adio -re. meas)rement

6

Introduction

AC "ave-orms

n the previous chapter, we have discussed in detail d#Arsonval ++ ,-++C. and its applications in Ammeter, )oltmeter and /hmmeters. 0ow, we#ll learn about using the same ++ to measure ac current or voltages.

n order to measure ac with d#Arsonval ++, we must first rectify the ac current by use of a diode rectifier. This process will produce uni-directional current flow. *everal types of diode rectifiers are available: copper o1ide, vacuum diode, semiconductor diode etc.

*till remember our DC )oltmeter, using d#Arsonval meter movement"

*ensitivity3 24

fs

15

-++C meter movements will not wor5 correctly if directly connected to alternating current, because the direction of needle movement will change with each half-cycle of the AC. -ermanent-magnet meter movements, li5e permanent-magnet motors, are devices whose motion depends on the polarity of the applied voltage.

11

12

f we add a diode to a DC )oltmeter, then we have a meter circuit capable of measuring ac voltage.

13

The &! biased diode will have no effects in the operations of the circuit. ,ideal diode. 0ow, suppose we replace the 26-)dc with 26)rms, what will happen"

14

The voltage across the ++ is 7ust the positive 8 cycle of the sine wave because of rectifying action of the diode. The pea5 value of the ac sine wave is :

15

The ++ will respond to the average value of the sine wave where the average, or DC value e9uals 6.:2; times the pea5 value. The average value of the AC sine wave is :

16

The diode action produces an appro1imately half sine wave across the load resistor. The average value of this voltage is referred to as the DC voltage, which a DC voltmeter connected across a load resistor will respond to.

12

Therefore, we can see that the pointer that deflected full scale when a 26-) DC signal was applied, deflects to only <.=) when we apply a 26-)rms sine AC waveforms. Thus, an AC )oltmeter using 8 wave rectification is only appro1imately <=> sensitive as a DC )oltmeter.

13

n order to have a full scale deflection meter when a 26-)rms is applied, we have to design the meter with the %s having <=> of the %s of the DC voltmeter. *ince the e9uivalent DC voltage is <=> of the %+* value, we can write li5e this: Rs= (Edc/Idc)-Rm = (0.45Erms/Idc) -Rm

14

'1ample 2

Compute the value of Rs for a 26-Vrms AC range on the voltmeter shown in &igure 2. ?iven that Ein3 26-Vrms, Ifs3 2mA, Rm3:66@.

25

'1ample A

n the 8 wave rectifier shown below, D2 and DA have an average forward resistance of =6@ and are assumed to have an infinite resistance in reverse biased. Calculate the following: ,a. Rs value ,b) Sac ,c. Sdc ?iven that Ein 3 26-Vrms, Rs 3 A66@, Ifs 3 266mA, Rm 3 A66@

21

Conclusion

d#Arsonval ++ can be used to measure both DC and AC current4voltages.

The ++ will respond to the average value of sine wave where the average, or DC value e9ual to 6.:2; times the pea5 value. Sac = 0.45Sdc

22

- 30BQ060PbFUploaded byneko1212121515123001
- 10.2348.ijset09151146Uploaded byAmrizal Karim Amrullah
- Elecs 1_Diode Circuits.pptxUploaded byAnthony Cortez
- Example Diode Circuit Transfer FunctionUploaded byshahpinkal
- Lecture 5 Ohm MetersUploaded byAbdur Rahman
- LG 29FU1RNX CW71AUploaded bydanndragan
- GATE2018-EE Schedule 2Uploaded byJai Kant
- Data SheetUploaded byGeorge Gxg
- 4 RectifierUploaded byMahbub Rashid
- DiodesUploaded bykellechai
- TR_SetsUploaded byShambhu Poddar
- f30u60dnUploaded bypedro martinez
- Excitation Rectifier Transformers Selection and CalculationUploaded byAdis Kawe
- eAutoFresh Manual.Uploaded byErixon Ramírez
- 03DPK047_DSPK_MPFS_PTZTE_20170221Uploaded byReefkye Noer
- SS16-DUploaded byyisnil
- Electronics%20I%20-%20Lab%202Uploaded byKeletso Makena
- datasheet (4).pdfUploaded byHarish Kumar M
- Gamatronic - UPS Power Systems.pdfUploaded byFELIXDEJ
- Ch a p t e rUploaded bychaitankumaryadav007
- Digital VoltmetersUploaded bySysu Kumar
- Hfe Sony Cdp-xa20es ServiceUploaded byMoka
- 10.1016@j.orgel.2017.02.036Uploaded byledikimetzerona
- Guide for Testing Insulation Resistance of Rotating MachineUploaded bymailbkrao
- Rectificador Controlado- TraducidoUploaded byDiego Parra'
- Voltímetro Digital DVM-5000V HD ElectricUploaded byhugohelo
- TLE-EXAM-BASIC-ELECTRONICS.docUploaded byGeoffrey Rainier Cartagena
- (tsc)_ss32-ss315Uploaded byGut Besser Wasser
- RECT,Modul SM1600,48V/30A,AEGUploaded byjksiswanto
- Industrial Power Supply Parameter Monitoring and Controling of Device using LabviewUploaded byIRJET Journal

- e500Uploaded byVam Armodia
- EC2252-NOLUploaded bysrgperumal
- Facts About Numbers of Satellites in OrbitUploaded byVam Armodia
- AppendixUploaded byVam Armodia
- Diff CircuitUploaded byVam Armodia
- TheMobileConnectivityInfographic.pdfUploaded byVam Armodia
- Mahal ResearchUploaded byVam Armodia
- week2-physcontUploaded byaries9865
- Data LinkUploaded byVam Armodia
- Power Distribution SystemsUploaded bycarlosmandopinto
- SisUploaded byVam Armodia
- daudzUploaded byVam Armodia
- Villamor test_2.pdfUploaded byLocrian Ionian
- Electronics Engihvjhvneer Student Resume Sample 1Uploaded byVam Armodia
- Ethics Group4Uploaded byVam Armodia
- E.engineering 6 EquationsUploaded byVam Armodia
- Group 4Uploaded byVam Armodia
- TCVsampleUploaded byVam Armodia
- 3 Network Plans IIUploaded byVam Armodia
- Executive Order No 467Uploaded bytingpadu
- GprsUploaded byVam Armodia
- (2002 Sams)Wireless LANs_2nd EditionUploaded byVam Armodia
- SiteUploaded byVam Armodia
- Payroll System2Uploaded byVam Armodia
- Facts About Numbers of Satellites in OrbitUploaded byVam Armodia
- Facts About Numbers of Satellites in OrbitUploaded byVam Armodia
- Chapter 4 - 1Uploaded byVam Armodia
- Banerjee 1 0302Uploaded byVam Armodia
- Ethics Group4Uploaded byVam Armodia

- A Case Study in Architectural ReconstructionUploaded bydk_jessn
- Microsoft PowerPoint - Electric Motors.pptxUploaded byKAKASHIE Arwa
- Lab Report Batch ReactorUploaded bynaneesa_1
- Fatigue AircraftUploaded bysol-negro
- fom_fos_iseng0200.pdfUploaded byJahanzeb Nasir
- Vnx.su Fiesta Brm B299 2010.75Uploaded byrukford1
- pvsyst steps to designUploaded byab_s5036
- Quantitative DesignsUploaded byFrank Yaun
- Aula 1.pptUploaded byGustavo Henrique
- Strategy, Organization Design, And EffectivenessUploaded byapi-3719504
- Cutting Stock Problem Solution BehaviorsUploaded byPrathap Sankar
- Artificial Periodic SubstratesUploaded byragvshah
- Passive Solar HeatingUploaded byVer Bautista
- Exemplu Breviar de Calcul Rezervor(3).PDFUploaded byBilel
- caracteristici cablu incalzire Raychem.pdfUploaded byghita_vali2000
- AutoDRAFT User Guide.pdfUploaded byArtem Yadegarian
- Estimation of Performance Airspeeds for High-Bypass Turbofans Equipped Transport-Category AirplanesUploaded bylegoulu21
- Sight_Glass.pdfUploaded byCesar Jurado
- Sprayed Waterproofing.pdfUploaded byDEBASIS
- Conversational StorytellingUploaded byddfgfdgfdg
- ets_300012e01pUploaded byxjohnforest
- 2130893 AirCard 800 Series Installation GuideUploaded byMat Kamil Awang
- Robust DesignUploaded byAshutosh Singh
- Deploy Operating Systems Using MDT 2013Uploaded byHudson Gonçalves Siqueira
- Adams 0rthodontic LabUploaded bySajafe Ep
- 87447188 DNP3 Telecontrol v10 eUploaded byandrademax
- US Department of Justice Court Proceedings - 11172005 noticeUploaded bylegalmatters
- 7-901071_PW_4.2_User_GuideUploaded byPablo Lucioni
- IEEE 2014 2013 Matlab Wirelesscommctnm_2Uploaded byJagritiKumari
- LinuxUploaded byPetuel Gaspar