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Internal

WCDMA DBS3900 System Hardware Structure


DBS3900V200R010
WRAN Training Team
www.huawei.com

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DBS3900 is new generation distribution

NodeB which is produced by Huawei Co. Ltd.


In this course, well mainly learn the

hardware system structure, application scenarios, basic functions of modules and networking and configuration of the DBS3900

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Upon completion of this course, you will be able to: Know application scenarios of DBS3900 Master the hardware structure of DBS3900 Master the functions of different modules Master the cables connection rules of DBS3900 Know networking and configuration examples

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DBS3900 System Description


DBS3900 Hardware Description

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DBS3900 Abbreviations
WMPT WBBPa WRFU UBFA UEIU UELP UFLP UPEU WCDMA Main Processing and Transmission Unit WCDMA Baseband Process unit Type A WCDMA Radio Filter Unit Universal BBU Fan Unit Type A (2U) Universal Environment Interface unit Universal E1/T1 Lighting Protection unit Universal FE/GE Lighting Protection unit Universal Power and Environment Interface Unit

UTRP
RCU CPRI AISG TMA SRXU APM

Universal Transmission Processing Unit


Remote Control Unit Common Protocol Radio Interface Antenna Interface Standard Group Tower Mounted Amplifier Slim Receive Unit Advanced Power Module

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Chapter1 General Description

Chapter2 Hardware Introduction


Chapter3 Networking and Configuration

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DBS3900 Overview
DBS3900 is a distributed NodeB of forth generation NodeB.
DBS3900 system consists of:

BBU3900 RRU3804 or RRU3801E Antenna and feeder system


Antenna

RRU 3804 or 3801E

TMA RF jumper

Feeder

-48V DC power -48V/ 24V DC power

Grounding cable

Power cable
BBU3900

RF jumper

Grounding cable Power cable

Trunk cable RNC

Fiber or CPRI high-speed signal cable

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BBU3900 in a Standard 19-Inch Cabinet


Application scenario 1

Launch 3G services on the basis of a 2G site

2G BTS RF Cable

Benefit of this Application Scenario:


Can reside in any standard 19-inch-wide and 2-U-high cabinet
Can be installed on the metal pole and close to the antenna The BBU3900 and RRU can share the power supply and antenna systems of the 2G network Enables operators to launch 3G services on the existent 2G network at a very low cost

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DBS3900 Integrated Application

Application scenario 2 Launch a new 3G outdoor site without an equipment room


VDF Spain: RRU on Tower

Shelter

Air-conditioner

BBU

BBU3900+RRU+APM

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BBU3900 in a Indoor Cabinet


Application scenario 3:

Launch a new 3G indoor site, there is an equipment room with limited space.

RRU

RRU close to tower antenna To RNC

RRU 1U/2U RRU 1U/2U BBU RRU 1U/2U

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DBS3900 Product Family


Distribute NodeB DBS3900

Remote radio unit

Remote radio unit

Baseband unit

+
BBU3900 SRXU RRU3804 RRU3801E

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DBS3900 Capacity and Characteristics


Specification of the DBS3900
High capacity;

BBU3900 supports 24 cells, with 1,536 UL CEs and 1,536 DL CEs. One RRU3804 supports the 4-carrier configuration. When the NodeB expands from 1x1 to 1x4 or from 3x1 to 3x4, no extra RRU is required. Characteristics of the DBS3900
Supports RRU cascading

When using the 1.25 G optical module, cascading levels 4

When using the 2.5 G optical module, cascading levels 8

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DBS3900 Capacity and Characteristics


Characteristics of the DBS3900

Supports ATM IP and ATM/IP dual stack networking;

Supports multiple clock and synchronization modes;


Iub interface clock GPS clock and Internal clock

Supports high-speed packet access (HSPA) technology HSDPA allows the traffic at up to 14.4 Mbps for a single cell The peak uplink data rate of an HSUPA subscriber is up to 5.76 Mbit/s.

Supports the Multimedia broadcast and multicast service (MBMS)

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Chapter1 General Description

Chapter2 Hardware Introduction


Chapter3 Networking and Configuration

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Chapter2 Hardware Introduction Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4 BBU Hardware RRU Hardware DBS3900 Cables Antenna and Feeder Subsystem

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Logical Structure of the BBU3900


OMC Control Subsystem External Subsystem

Clock mode

Signaling Processing

Operation& Maintenance

Power mode

Decoding FP Processing E1/T1 FE Transport Interface Transmission Adaptation Protocol Processing

Demodulation
Power Control information

Interfac CPRI e Module

TO RRU

RNC

Codling

Modulation

Transport Subsystem Data flow

Baseband Subsystem Control flow

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BBU3900 Module Introduction


Full configuration

Baseband unit

Typical configuration

BBU3900 Module

Mandatory boards and modulesWMPT, WBBP, UBFA, and UPEU The optional boards are the UELP, UFLP, UTRP, and UEIU.

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BBU3900 Module Introduction


Slot 16 SLOT0 SLOT1 SLOT2 SLOT3 SLOT4 SLOT5 SLOT6 SLOT7 Slot 19 Slot 18 B F A WBBP UTRP PEU/ EIU PEU/ EIU

WBBP
WBBP WBBP

UTRP
WMPT WMPT

Active and standby slot definition only for UTRP board

Slot boards definition

Board WMPT UTRP WBBP UELP UFLP

Slot 0

Slot 1

Slot 2

Slot 3

Slot 4

Slot 5

Slot 6 available

Slot 7 available

available available

available available

available available

available available

available available available available

available available available available

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board


IP transmission on Electrical Port :RJ45 Loading Testing:USB GPS antenna: SMA

LEDs Commissioning:RJ45 IP transmission Optical signals: SFP


Main Functions

4E1:DB26

Board number

maximum is 2 for one BBU mandatory board working in active and standby mode

Providing OM functions Controlling other boards in the system and providing the reference clock Providing USB ports for automatic NodeB

upgraded
Providing transmission port for Iub interface Providing OM channels
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BBU Module --- WMPT Board


LEDs of running status of WMPT:

Label RUN

Color Green

Status ON OFF

Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty. The board has no power input.

1s ON, 1s OFF
0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF ALM Red ON OFF ACT Green ON OFF

The board is running as configured.


The software is being loaded to the board, or the board is not in use. The board is reporting hardware alarms. The board is running properly. The board is in active mode. The board is in standby mode.

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board

LED LEDs beside the FE1 and FE0 optical port

Color Green

Status ON OFF

Description The connections are functional. The connections are faulty. There is ongoing data transmission. There is no data transmission.

Yellow

Blinking OFF

LEDs beside the ETH port

Green
Yellow

ON
OFF Blinking OFF

The connections are functional.


The connections are faulty. There is ongoing data transmission. There is no data transmission.

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BBU Module --- WMPT Board


Two DIP Switches :

SW1 for setting the E1/T1 working mode SW2 for setting the protection ground for the E1.

Settings of SW1 Bit T1 Mode 120-ohm E1 Balanced Mode 75-ohm E1 Unbalanced Mode

1
2 3 4

ON
ON OFF OFF

OFF
OFF ON ON

ON
ON ON ON

Settings of SW2 Bit 120-ohm E1 Balanced Mode 75-ohm E1 Unbalance d Mode Description

1
2 3 4

OFF
OFF OFF OFF

ON
ON ON ON

The RRING is for connected to the protection ground

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BBU Module --- WBBPa Board


CPRI 0 ~2 (1.25G-2.5G): SFP LEDs

Board number mandatory, maximum is 6 Main Functions

Providing the CPRI interface for communication between the BBU and the WRRU or WRFU Processing uplink and downlink baseband signals and support HSUPA and HSDPA function Supporting 1+1 backup of the CPRI interface According to the board chip processing capability, WBBP module include seven specifications. Current WBBP is the A version, called WBBPa.
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BBU Module --- WBBPa Board


LED of running status of board :
Label RUN Color Green Status ON Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty.

OFF
1s ON, 1s OFF 0.125s ON/OFF ACT Green ON

The board has no power input or is faulty.


The board is running properly. Software is being loaded to the board. The board is running properly.

OFF
ALM Red OFF ON OFF CPRI0 CPRI1 CPRI2 Red Green ON Blinking at 2 Hz Blinking at 0.5 Hz

The board is not in use.


The board is running properly. The board has alarms on hardware and it should be replaced with a new one. normal The CPRI links over the optical cable are faulty. The RRU on the CPRI link is faulty in hardware. The RRU on the CPRI link is faulty in the antenna system connection.

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BBU Module --- WBBP Board


There are 2 kinds of Baseband card, WBBPa and WBBPb. The WBBPa can Process uplink and downlink baseband signals: Support HSDPA (2 ms TTI) and support for HSUPA phase1 (10 ms TTI).

The WBBPb can Process uplink and downlink baseband signals.


Support HSDPA (2 ms TTI), and support for HSUPA phase2 (2 ms TTI).

Board Type WBBPa WBBPb1 WBBPb2 WBBPb3 WBBPb4 Cell 3 cells 3 cells 3 cells 6 cells 6 cells

Uplink R99 /HSUPA CE 128 64 128 256 384

Downlink R99 CE 256 64 128 256 384 HSDPA Capacity 45 HS-PDSCH codes 45 HS-PDSCH codes 45 HS-PDSCH codes 90 HS-PDSCH codes 90 HS-PDSCH codes

HSDPA throughput 15Mbps 15Mbps 15Mbps 30Mbps 30Mbps

HSUPA throughput 6Mbps 6Mbps 6Mbps 12Mbps 12Mbps

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BBU Module --- UBFA Board

Board number mandatory, maximum is 1 Main Functions

Controlling the fan speed Reporting the fan status to the WMPT

Detecting the temperature of the fan board


Label STATE Color Green Status 0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF 1s ON, 1s OFF Red ON Description The module is not registered, and no alarm is reported.
The board is running properly.

The module is reporting alarms.

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BBU Module --- UPEU Board


Panel of the UPEA

Panel of the UPEB

-48V to +12V

+24V to +12V

Board number mandatory, maximum is 2, 1+1 backup Main Functions

Converting -48 V or +24 V DC power input to +12 V DC power that is supported by boards Reporting alarms related to input and output under voltage

Providing transmission ports for RS485 signals and 8 dry contact alarm signals
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BBU Module --- UPEU Board


LED: The UPEU has one LED, indicating the running status of the board.

Label RUN

Color Green

Status ON OFF

Description The board is running properly. The board has no power input, or the board is faulty.

Socket and Port: The UPEU has one socket and four ports.

Label
PWR EXT-ALM1 EXT-ALM0 MON1

Quantity
1 1 1 1

Connector Type
3V3 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

Function
DC power input Transmitting dry contact alarm signals Transmitting RS485 environment monitoring signals

MON0

RJ45

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BBU Module --- UTRP Board

The UTRP provides ports for eight E1s/T1s and implements transport such as IP and ATM between the BBU3900 and the RNC.
4 E1:DB26

Label RUN

Color Green

Status ON OFF 1s ON, 1s OFF 0.125s ON, 0.125s OFF 2s ON, 2s OFF

Description The board has power input, yet the board is faulty. The board has no power input or is faulty. The board is running properly. Software is being loaded to the board. The board is under test. The board is in active mode. The board is in standby mode. The board is running properly. The board is reporting alarms and is faulty.

ACT

Green

ON OFF

ALM

Red

OFF ON

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BBU Module --- UTRP Board Type


WCDMA UTRP extend transmission board

UTRP board should add sub board to provide the different interface type WD22UTRP is the main board name. The UTRP has three sub-boards in current version
UAEU: Eight ATM over E1s/T1s UIEU: Eight IP over E1s/T1s UUAS: One unchannelized ATM over SDH/SONET(STM-1/OC-3) interface

The board in gray table is not be delivered currently Transmission Sub board Interface type
Board name WD22UEEU WD22UEOU WD22UAEU WD22UIEU WD22UCPU WD22UUPU WD22UCAU WD22UUAU name WD22UEEC WD22UEOC WD22UAEC WD22UPEC WD22UCPS WD22UUPS WD22UCAS WD22UUAS FE/GE electrical board FE/GE optical board E1/T1 ATM interface sub board E1/T1 IP interface sub board Channelization IP optical sub board Unchanneliazation IP optical sub board Channelization ATM optical sub board Unchanneliazation ATM optical sub board

Interface specification

2*FE/GE (10/100/1000M adaptive) 2*FE/GE (10/100/1000M configured) 8* E1/T1 8*E1/T1 1*STM-1 1*STM-1 1*STM-1 1*STM-1

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BBU Module --- UEIU Board


Board number:

maximum is 1

The UEIU Functions

Connecting to an external monitoring device and transmitting RS485 signals to the WMPT

Connecting to an external alarm device and transmitting dry contact alarm


signals to the WMPT
Port : The UEIU has four ports.

Label MON0 MON1 EXT-ALM0 EXT-ALM1

Connector Type RJ45 RJ45 RJ45 RJ45

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BBU Module --- SLPU Board


UFLP
The auxiliary devices of the

BBU3900. The devices are

UELP

the SLPU, UELP, and UFLP


SLPU: The signal lightning

protection unit is an optional module of the BTS3900 cabinet (-48 V) or the power distribution cabinet.
The UFLP and the UELP

are optional units that are installed in the SLPU.

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BBU Module --- UELP Board


UELP: The universal E1/T1 lightning protection (UELP) unit is a universal E1/T1

The UELP can be optionally installed in the SLPU or the BBU. Each UELP supports the surge protection of 4-way E1/T1 signals. DB25

DB26

E1 Connection:
E1 E1

Indoor DDF

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BBU Module --- UELP Board


DIP Switch: The UELP has one DIP switch, which is used to select whether the

receive terminal is grounded. The DIP switch has four bits.

DIP Switch S1

DIP Status 1 ON OFF 2 ON OFF 3 ON OFF 4 ON OFF

Description Used for the 75 unbalanced mode Used for other modes except the 75 unbalanced mode

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BBU Module --- UFLP Board


UFLP: The universal FE lightning protection (UFLP) board is optionally installed in the

SLPU or BBU. Each UFLP supports 2-way FE surge protection.

IP Cable Connection.
Transmission Equipment LAN switch or Router

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Chapter2 Hardware Introduction Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4 BBU Hardware RRU Hardware DBS3900 Cables Antenna and Feeder Subsystem

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Logical Structure of the RRU/SRXU


RRU TX1 RX1 Duplexer

TX signaling Processing unit

PA

Interface module

MTRX
RX signaling Processing unit Extension interface LNA LNA Power module

BBU

CPRI

RX2 Antenna system

RX3 RX signaling Processing unit SRXU LNA LNA RX4 Antenna system

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RRU3804 Characteristics
Support 12dB, 24dB gain TMA RTWP statistic and report Standing wave detect and report Support ASIG (Antenna Interface Standards Group) 2.0 Receiver reference sensitivity typical value -125.5dBm RRU3804 connected to the SRXU supports 4-way RX diversity

Number of carrier
1 2 3 4

Output Power per Carrier (W)


60 30 20 15

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Appearance and Specification of RRU3804/3801E


Appearance of the RRU3804 Item Dimension with the housing Weight RRU3804/3801E RRU3804520mm(H) x 280mm(W) x 155mm(D) RRU3804 module :15KG the RRU3804 module and its housing:16KG Power input maximum power consumption Sector Carrier -48V DC 275W Allowed voltage range -36 V DC to -57 V DC

14(RRU3804) / 12(RRU3801E)

NOTES:
The RRU3801E appearance (Panel and Ports) is the same with the RRU3804;
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Panel and Port of RRU3804/3801E


Indicators

CPRI Optical ports

Panel of the RRU3804

Interconnection port between combined cabinets

Alarm port

Power supply ports

Main TX/RX diversity port

Port for RET antenna /Power output to the SRXU

Grounding bolt Port for RX diversity

Ports of the RRU3804


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LEDs on RRU3804/RRU3801E-I
Label RUN Color Green Status ON OFF 1s on, 1s off 0.5s on, 0.5s off ALM Red ON OFF TX_ACT Green ON OFF Description The module has power input, yet the module is faulty The module has no power input or is reporting alarms The module is operational Software is being loaded to the module The module is reporting alarms (excluding VSWRrelated alarms The module is operational The module is running No specific meaning

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LEDs on RRU3804/RRU3801E--II
Label VSWR Color Red Status ON OFF CPRI_W Red/gr een ON (green) ON (red) 0.5s ON, 0.5s OFF (red) Description VSWR-related alarms are reported No VSWP-related alarm is reported The CPRI link is normal The optical module receives local alarms related to LOS The CPRI is out of lock

OFF
CPRI_E Red/gr een ON (green) ON (red) 0.5s ON, 0.5s OFF (red) OFF

The optical module is not in position or is powered off


The CPRI link is normal The optical module receives local alarms related to LOS The CPRI is out of lock

The optical module is not in position or is powered off

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Appearance and Specification of SRXU


Appearance of the SRXU
Item Dimension with the housing Weight Power input SRXU SRXU270mm(W) x 60mm(D) x 480mm(H)

The weight of the SRXU :6KG -48V DC 30W Allowed voltage range -36 V DC to -57 V DC

maximum power consumption

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Panels and Ports of the SRXU


Indicators

Panel of the SRXU

CPRI Optical ports

Socket for power supply Power Input From RRU Interconnection port between combined cabinets Port for RET antenna

Grounding bolt

Port for RX diversity

Ports of the SRXU


Port for RX diversity

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RRU Configurations
The RRU is divided into two types according to output power and carries:

40 W RRU3801E, 40W output power on the top of cabinet 60 W RRU3804, 60W output power on the top of cabinet
RRU type
RRU3804 RRU3801E RRU3804 RRU3801E RRU3804 RRU3804 RRU3801E RRU3801C RRU3801C Frequency band UMTS2100 UMTS2100 UMTS1900 UMTS1900 UMTS1.7/2.1G UMTS850 UMTS850 UMTS1800 UMTS900

Receiving Band
1920MHz1980MHz 1920MHz1980MHz 1850MHz1910MHz 1850MHz1910MHz 1710MHz1755 MHz 824MHz849MHz 824MHz849MHz 1710MHz1785MHz 880MHz915 MHz

Transmitting Band
2110MHz2170MHz 2110MHz2170MHz 1930MHz1990MHz 1930MHz1990MHz 2110 MHz2155 MHz 869MHz894MHz 869MHz894MHz 1805MHz1880MHz 925MHz960MHz

Carriers
4 2 4 2 4 4 2 2 2

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Chapter2 Hardware Introduction Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4 BBU Hardware RRU Hardware DBS3900 Cables Antenna and Feeder Subsystem

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Connections of the BBU3900 Cables

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Cables --- Power Cable of the BBU3900


This describes the power cable. Either -48 V power cable or +24 V power cable

can be used, depending on the power input.


Appearance : The power cable has a 3V3 connector at one end and bare wires

at the other end. Appropriate terminals are added to the bare end on site.

1) 3V3 connecter

2) OT terminals

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Cables --- Transmission Cable of BBU3900

E1 Cable

FE Cable

E1 Surge Protection Transfer Cable

FE Surge Protection Transfer Cable

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Cables --- Power Cable of the RRU3804


The RRU uses a shielded -48 V DC power cable. The cable feeds

external -48 V DC power to the RRU.


Appearance : The cable has two OT terminals at one end and bare

wire at the other end, The OT terminals need to be added on site.

Installation Position

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Cables --- Power Cable of the SRXU


The SRXU uses a shielded DC power cable. The cable feeds power

from the RRU to the SRXU.


Appearance : The cable has a waterproof DB9 connector at each end

Installation Position: One end of the DC power cable is connected to

the RET/PWR_SRXU port at the bottom of the RRU, and the other end is connected to the PWR_SRXU socket at the bottom of the SRXU.
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Cables --- Optical Cable of RRU3804/SRXU


BBU3900-RRU3804/SRXU CPRI Optical Cable

The CPRI optical cable transmits CPRI signals:


between BBU3900 and RRU3801E between BBU3900 and RRU3804 between RRU3804 and SRXU

The CPRI optical cable is a multi-mode 2-wire cable with DLC connectors at both ends BBU and RRU CPRI hardware connection is same between RRU3801E and RRU3804

BBU3900

1) DLC connector

2) Label on the fiber tail

3) Fiber tail

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AISG Multi-Wire Cables of RRU3804/SRXU

The five-meter-long AISG multi-wire cable connects the RRU3804/SRXU to the Remote Control Unit (RCU). If both RRU3804 and SRXU are installed, the AISG multi-wire cable only connects the SRXU and the RCU. This cable is optional
One end of the AISG multi-wire cable is a waterproof DB9 connector, and

the other end is a standard AISG female connector

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AISG Extension Cable of the RRU3804/SRXUOptional Cables

When the distance between the RCU and the RRU3804/SRXU is longer than 5 m, the AISG multi-wire cable is not long enough to cover the distance and the AISG extension cable is used. The AISG extension cable is 15 m long
One end of the AISG extension cable is a standard AISG male connector,

and the other end is a standard AISG female connector

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RF Jumper of the RRU3804/SRXU

The RF jumper of the RRU3804/SRXU is of two types


Antenna jumper: transmits and receives RF signals. Both
ends of the antenna jumper have DIN connectors

Interconnect jumper: transmits RF signals between two RRU3804s/SRXUs. The interconnect jumper is optional, depending on the site configuration. The interconnect jumper is 2 m long, and both ends have 2W2 connectors The 2W2 connectors at the two ends of the interconnect jumper are linked to the ports labeled RX_IN/OUT on two RRU3804s/SRXUs respectively
Waterproofed Joints

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RF Jumper Connections of the RRU

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Cable Connections of one RRU3804

BBU3900

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Cable Connections of one RRU3804 /SRXU

BBU3900

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Cable Connections of Multiple RRU3804s

Optical cable

BBU3900

Power cable

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Cable Connections of Multiple RRU3804s/SRXUs

Power cable Power cable

Optical cable

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Chapter2 Hardware Introduction Section1 Section2 Section3 Section4 BBU Hardware RRU Hardware DBS3900 Cables Antenna and Feeder Subsystem

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Typical Architectures of Antenna System


Scenario1:BBU and RRU indoor

+ Roof station
(1) Directional antenna (4) Outdoor cable rack (7) Outdoor grounding bar (2) Pole (3) Outdoor jumper (6) Feeder grounding kit (9) Feeder window

(5) Feeder clip (8) To outdoor lightning protection ground (11) indoor jumper

(10) Cable tie

(12) Indoor cable rack

(13) Feeder

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Typical Architectures of Antenna System


Scenario2:BBU and RRU indoor

+ Tower Station
(1) Lightning rod (4) Directional antenna (2) Pole (5) Waterproof curve (8) Outdoor cable rack (3) TMA (6) Feeder grounding clip

(7) Feeder

(9) Feeder window

(10) Outdoor grounding bar

(11) Tower grounding conductor

(12) Cable tie

(13) Guard rail

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Typical Architectures of Antenna System


Scenario3:RRU Closed to the Antenna

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Chapter1 General Description

Chapter2 Hardware Introduction


Chapter3 Networking and Configuration

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Page 65

BBU Networking
BBUs and RNC can form multiple

networking modes such as star, chain,


BB U BB U BB U

tree, and hybrid

Chain Networking mode

BBU BBU BBU RNC BBU Tree Networking mode

For both chain and tree networking modes

BBU
BBU RNC BBU

cascading levels is less than 5

Star Networking mode

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RRU Networking
BBUs and RRUs can form multiple networking modes such as star,

chain, tree, ring, and hybrid


For both chain and tree networking modes:

When using the 1.25 G optical module, cascading levels 4 When using the 2.5 G optical module, cascading levels 8

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Typical Configuration11
Applied to wide areas and indoor circumstances

RRU

BBU3900

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Typical Configuration21
Applied to long stretched areas

RRU

BBU3900

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Page 69

Typical Configuration31/32
Applied to cities or other high capacity areas

RRU

cities
RRU

High capacity areas

RRU

BBU3900

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Page 70

Typical Configuration

configuration 3x1 3x2 3x3 3x4

Number of WBBPs 1 2 3 4

Number of RRU3804s (No TX Diversity) 3 3 3 3

Number of RRU3801Es (No TX Diversity) 3 3 6 6

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Page 71

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