An Overview of ENG Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION

Dr. Priscilla P. Nelson
Director, Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems Directorate for Engineering pnelson@nsf.gov, 703-292-7018

National Science Foundation - FY2000
National Science Board
Staff Offices
Office of the Inspector General

Director
$414M
Directorate for Biological Sciences

FY 2000 $3,897M total $2,958M R&RA $724M
Directorate for Education and Human Resources

$253M
Polar and Antarctic Programs

$388M
Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering

$129M
Integrative Activities (MRE, STC)

$382M
Directorate for Engineering

$488M
Directorate for Geosciences

$758M
Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences

$146M
Directorate for Social, Behavioral, and Economic Sciences

NSF FY 2001 Requested Budget by Appropriation
FY 2000 Plan
Research and Related Activities $2,958

FY 2001 Request
$3,541

% Change 19.7% 5.5% 48.2% 6.0% 15.2% 17.3%
$ in Millions

Education and Human Resources
Major Research Equipment Salaries and Expenses Office of the Inspector General Total, NSF

691
94 149 5 $3,897

729
139 158 6 $4,572

National Science Foundation FY2001 Request National Science Board Staff Offices Office of the Inspector General Director $511M Directorate for Biological Sciences FY 2001 $4. Behavioral. STC) $457M Directorate for Engineering $583M Directorate for Geosciences $881M Directorate for Mathematical and Physical Sciences $175M Directorate for Social.572M total $3.541M R&RA $760M Directorate for Education and Human Resources $285M Polar and Antarctic Programs $529M Directorate for Computer and Information Science and Engineering $119M Integrative Activities (MRE. and Economic Sciences .

Discovery at and across the frontier of science and engineering. engineers and well-prepared citizens. state-of-the-art information bases and shared research and education tools. internationally competitive and globally-engaged workforce of scientists.Broadly accessible. and connections to its use in the service of society.A diverse.  Tools .NSF Strategic Goals Ideas .  People .  .

Behavioral.Social.Mathematics FY03 .NSF’s Priority Areas  Information Technology Research      (ITR) Nanoscale Science and Engineering Biocomplexity and the Environment 21st Century Workforce FY02 . Economic Sciences .

GTF. partnering with Dept of Education and NIH.NSF Research Initiative: 21st Century Workforce: FY 2001 Focus Areas Science of learning (EHR. $10M) Addressing immediate workforce requirements (Advanced Technological Education. $2M) Broadening participation (Tribal Colleges.g. Centers for Learning and Teaching. $20M. $52M) Enhancing educational performance (e. Distinguished Teaching Scholars.. $28M. $27M) . $39M) Networking and access (National SMET Digital Library.

CMS received over 10% of all CAREER proposals submitted to NSF) ADVANCE (includes both individual and institutional components . $31M) CAREER ($114M.Other FY 2001 Highlights Cyber Security ($44M) EPSCoR ($48M EHR. $25M R&RA) IGERT (focus on interdisciplinary training.

4M Electrical & Communications Systems $58.1M $56.4M Bioengineering & Environmental Systems Civil & Mechanical Systems Chemical & Transport Systems Design.9M Engineering Education & Centers $111.6M . & Industrial Innovation (includes SBIR) $133. Manufacture.Directorate for Engineering FY2001 Request Assistant Director FY 2001 $456.2M $54.5M $42.

National Science Foundation Research Modes:        Workshops/U. professional and private sectors . curriculum development.S. informal education) NSF supported organizations include academe. attendance at International meetings Unsolicited research (single investigator/small groups) Special initiatives Center-based research Industry partnerships and international collaborations Information centers Education projects (research.

Engineering Directorate Leadership Louis Martin-Vega Acting Assistant Director for Engineering Elbert Marsh Deputy Assistant Director for Engineering .

but with strong emphasis on the integration of research and education •Engineering thematic research areas – Information Technology – Engineering the Nano/Micro World . REU.Engineering Vision Make sure that we are not “under invested” in areas of research growth or educational need nor “over invested” in continuing or mature areas.SES and ETI – Engineering Education .sensing and imaging – Biotechnology and biophotonics – Advanced manufacturing and materials – Engineering the Service World . RET .National Nanotechnology Initiative – Engineering the Environment .CRCD.

novel phenomena.Nanoscale Science and Engineering Initiative (NSF 00-119) • Support research in emerging areas including: – Biosystems at nanoscale – Nanoscale structures. design tools and nanosystem specific software – Nanoscale processes in the environment – Multi-scale. quantum control – Device and system architecture. education and training • Support large-scale and longer duration collaborative research and educational activities . multi-phenomena modeling and simulation – Studies on societal implications of nanoscale science and engineering.

ERC’s)  Attract and retain the best students » Engage faculty and students in the learning process » Provide early exposure to engineering practice » Collaborative learning and peer tutoring » Increase diversity of future workforce . CRCD) » Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars Workshops.Engineering Education  Develop the Engineering Faculty of the Future » Reward young faculty for integrating education and research (CAREER. Eng Education Coalitions) » Increase faculty diversity (ADVANCE.

444 REU scholars. 171 women or underrepresented minorities REU supplements and ERC REU sites Graduate Research Fellowships Minority Institutions for Excellence Graduate Teaching Fellows in K-12 Education  Others:    .Integration of Research & Education   Faculty Early Career Development (CAREER) Integrative Graduate Education and Research Traineeships (IGERT)  Engineers are active participants in 15 of NSF’s 19 awards  Research Experiences for Undergraduates (REU)   ENG has 52 REU sites.

NASA.Partnerships  Engineering Research Centers  25-30% of support from other Federal agencies  30% of support from private industry  Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers (I/UCRC’s) average 10:1 NSF:industry leveraging NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research NSF/DOE Partnership on Plasma Science and Engineering NSF/HUD Partnership for Advancing Technology in Housing Metabolic Engineering .Federal Interagency Program with DoD.partnership with eight agencies National Nanotechnology Initiative . NIH      . DOE. Commerce.

International Activities  World Technology Evaluation Studies (WTEC)   Workshop on Environmentally Benign Manufacturing Study on Tissue Engineering NSF through ENG will be the lead Federal agency     US-Japan Joint Optoelectronics Project  US –Japan Collaboration in Earthquake Mitigation I/UCRC .QUESTOR  University of Arizona and Queen’s University at Belfast NSF/CONACyT (Mexico)/NRC and NSERC (Canada) DMII Grantees Conference  .

9 M investment over five years (FY00-04) . model-based simulation and tele-presencing communication  Objective: revolutionize the environment for earthquake engineering research to improve seismic design and performance of infrastructure systems  $ 81. data repository.Current Major Research Equipment (MRE) Project Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) A high-performance collaboratory integrating experimentation. computation.

and connectivity in larger-scale systems. development and characterization of nanomaterials and nano-devices.  Supports NSF Strategic goals » Provides a unique environment for integrating research and education of faculty and students: (People) » Allows experiments/tests to be conducted simultaneously in different venues to speed validation/standardization: (Ideas) » Provides a framework for innovation to occur through collaboration with industry and national laboratories: (Tools) .Future MRE Infrastructure Project Nanotechnology Experimentation and Testing Network (NEXT)  Concept: An integrated network of world-class facilities for fabrication. integration into components and products. testing. experimental validation and process standardization in support of the National Nanotechnology Initiative » design.

. but. including increases for » Information Technology Research » Nanotechnology » Bio and the Environment » 21st Century Workforce » Education and Human Resources • FY 2002 Budget: Not quite as promising.6 % ($ 540 million) increase. ...Future Directions • FY 2001 Budget: NSF received a 13..

Future Directions We are confident that we will be able to make future investments in areas such as: » Nanotechnology » Optical Technologies » Wireless » Post Genomic Engineering » Multiple Scale Modeling and Simulation » Extreme Events » Nano-scale Manufacturing » Environmentally Benign Manufacturing » Integration of Research and Education .

Priscilla P. Nelson Director.gov. Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems Directorate for Engineering pnelson@nsf. 703-292-7018 .Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr.

and to support the rapid development and deployment of new technology in service to society and to reduce risks induced by natural and technological hazards. .The Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems (CMS) The Mission of CMS:   to provide a fundamental underpinning for the engineering profession in application to mechanical systems and the constructed environment including infrastructure systems.

No.CMS Award Information Research Grants Only Fiscal No. 2. Funding SuppleYear Proposals Awards rate % ments 2000 1999 1998 1009 867 996 235 216 189 23% 25% 19% 135 174 125 FY99 mean award size $69k/year.8 years . mean duration.

each with two program officers  The NEES (Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation) program. with two assigned program officers  .Division of Civil and Mechanical Systems  CMS is comprised of six programs: Five disciplinary “super” programs.

gov) and Shi Chi Liu (on leave) • Infrastructure and Information Systems (IIS) Program Directors: William Anderson (on leave) and Miriam Heller (mheller@nsf.gov) .gov) and John Scalzi (jscalzi@nsf.gov) and Jorn Larsen Basse (jlarsenb@nsf. Sensing & Control (DSMSC) Program Directors: Alison Flatau (aflatau@nsf.gov) • Geotechnical and GeoHazards Systems (GHS) Program Directors: Clifford Astill (castill@nsf.CMS Programs • Dynamic System Modeling. Peter Chang from 3/01 (pchang@nsf.gov) and Richard Fragaszy (rfragasz@nsf.gov).gov) • Solid Mechanics and Materials Engineering (SMME) Program Directors: Ken Chong (kchong@nsf.gov) • Structural Systems and Engineering (SSE) Program Directors: Vijaya Gopu to 3/01(vgopu@nsf.

monitor in situ the concentration of chloride ions in the surrounding concrete. and store. and communicate the sensed data to the surface when interrogated. <50 mm in size. . process. that can be distributed throughout a volume of concrete during placement.NMR on a Chip: A Micro-NMR Device for In Situ Detection of Chlorides in Concrete RF Power & Communications Permanent Magnet Road Salt Micro-NMR Device Chloride Concentration Rebar Micro-NMR Device Permanent Magnet Concrete A: Basic Concept for the Micro-NMR Device B: Embedded NMR Sensor An inexpensive passively powered NMR system.

. The photo shows this sensor (left) being installed on the bridge together with a conventional accelerometer (right).Sensors for Civil and Mechanical Systems Optical fiber accelerometer developed by Maria Feng at UC Irvine has been implemented for health monitoring of a California bridge.

.Nondestructive Testing for Civil and Mechanical Systems (mm) (mm) Electromagnetic imaging technology successfully detected and visualized damage in the bonding interface on FRP-jacketed reinforced concrete columns.

and micro-scale materials and sensor science and engineering Model-based simulation . PFI.IT and SES Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation (NEES) Ideas:      Tools:  .g. CAREER. HUD) Building new research communities (e. REU and RET International connections: esp.. GOALI) and agencies (e. SES..integration of experiment and analysis Environmental design and technologies . DOT.g. EPSCoR. Ideas and Tools: Priorities for CMS Research in FY2002 People:      Integration of research and education: CAREER. FHWA.g. ETI. earthquake/hazards Risk taking through the SGER mode of funding Partnership programs with industry (e.People.. PATH) Nano.materials and sensors Hazards and extreme events research Infrastructure Systems .

NSF and NEHRP    NEHRP (National Earthquake Hazard Reduction Program) . USGS and NSF NSF Investment for NEHRP-related research is typically about $30 million annually NEHRP-related research is primarily funded through three NSF Directorates:    Geosciences Directorate ($10 to 12 million) SBE Directorate ($1 to 3 million) Engineering Directorate (about $18 to 20 million)  $6 million for EERC’s  $12 to 14 million for research programs  The NEES MRE project is under NEHRP .FEMA. NIST.

geotechnical. analysis and simulation  Revolutionize the practice of earthquake engineering research with state-of-the-art experimental equipment and information technology  Ultimately.www.eng.nsf. enable new $82 million Major Research earthquake hazard Equipment (MRE) project mitigation technologies: structural. and construction 2000-2004 tsunami operation 2005-2014 .gov/nees Network for Earthquake Engineering Simulation  Change focus from physical testing to seamless integration of testing.

nsf.Components of NEES http://www.gov/nees • Earthquake engineering research equipment • Networked collaboratory – Operating subsystem – Computational subsystem All equipment and the collaboratory projects completed by end of FY04 • Operation and use from FY05 through FY14 managed by the NEES Consortium .eng.

5 17.2 24.0 81.4 4.NEES and the Federal Budget Process: NEES Authorized FY 2000-2004 Annual Requested Appropriation ($ million.7 28. current inflation-adjusted dollars) FY 00 FY 01 FY 02 FY 03 FY 04 Total 7.9 .

2001 • 5 to 10 additional awards expected . $15 to $20 million) • announcement to be issued in Fall.11 awards • Phase 2 (est.NEES Earthquake Engineering Testing Equipment and Facilities •Equipment Categories • • • • • Shake tables Centrifuges Tsunami/wave tank Large-scale laboratory experimentation systems Field Installations •Equipment Proposal Competitions • Phase 1 ($45 million) .

buffalo.eng.Structural Modeling: Strong Walls and Shake Tables Structural Engineering Earthquake Simulation Lab. SUNY Buffalo http://civil.edu/SEESL/ .

NEES Systems Integration Phase 1 .org • Assess NEES-related Earthquake community requirements • Report with detailed design and proof-ofconcept demonstration due 2/01 • NSF review 3/01 for possible $10 million award in Summer 2001 .Scoping Study In 8/00. an award was made to UIUC to conduct a Scoping Study “The NEESgrid project” http://neesgrid.

and coordination for the NEES collaboratory from beyond 2005 through 2014. • The NEES Consortium will: – Maintain and operate the NEES collaboratory and equipment sites – Develop and implement shared-use access and data policies – Support continued equipment and technology development – Establish national and international partnerships – Develop outreach and training activities for use of the NEES .The NEES Consortium • Consortium Development award in FY01 (NSF0156) will develop the leadership. management.

Bruce Hamilton Acting Director.gov . BES Division Directorate for Engineering bhamilto@nsf.Bioengineering and Environmental Systems (BES) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr.

each funded at about $11 million/year •Biomedical Engineering (BME) •Biochemical Engineering (BCE) •Environmental Engineering (BEE) .Bioengineering and Environmental Systems (BES) BES has 3 “disciplinary” clusters.

BES PRIORITY AREAS FOR RESEARCH  Tissue Engineering  Metabolic Engineering  Post-Genomic QSB  Nanobiotech  EBM  Phytoremediation  Biophotonics .

5 nanometers wide. therapeutics and diagnostics and – Nanoscale processes for environmental improvement DNA molecules are about 2. (Credit: Liz Carroll) . Two of the grand challenges in Nanoscale Science and Engineering in which BES/ENG has strong interest are – Advanced healthcare. Ten hydrogen atoms span 1 nanometer.Nanobiotechnology: Biosystems at Nanoscale Nanobiotechnology is defined as the study and control of structure-function in biological systems and processes at the nanoscale.

Esin Gulari Director. Division of Chemical and Transport Systems Directorate for Engineering .Chemical and Transport Systems (CTS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr.

Catalysis & Molecular Processes  Process & Reaction Engineering   Thermal Systems Thermal Transport & Thermal Processing  Combustion & Plasma Systems   Interfacial.CTS Division Programs  Chemical Reaction Processes Kinetics. Particulate & Hydraulic Systems Particulate & Multiphase Processes  Fluid Dynamics & Hydraulics  . Transport & Thermodynamics  Separation & Purification Processes   Fluid. Transport & Separation Processes Interfacial.

combustion. Micro-.Target Areas for CTS Investments  Development  Particle of Functional Materials and Processes by Integrating Nano-. processing and manufacturing  Green Engineering  New catalysts for alternate feedstocks and less waste  Cleaner efficient energy conversion systems  Plasma processes for hazardous waste treatment  Benign solvents in materials processing and separations  Non-polluting chemical process design and control strategies  Biotechnology  Selective reaction and separation processes for production of highvalue and therapeutic molecules . and plasma processes  New catalysts/biocatalysts for selectivity and energy efficiency  Nanoporous membranes for separations  Microscale reactors to produce designed molecules  Sensors and actuators for process design and control  High-end computing tools for design. and Macro-scale Phenomena and film formation via self-assembly.

NSF/EPA Partnership for Environmental Research Technology for a Sustainable Environment General Areas of Research Projects for the FY 2001 Announcement: • Chemistry and Chemical Reaction-based Engineering for Pollution Avoidance or Prevention • Non-reaction-based Engineering for Pollution Avoidance and Prevention • Green Design. and Industrial Ecology for Sustainable Product/Services Realization . Manufacturing.

Manufacture and Industrial Innovation (DMII) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr.Design. Division of Design. Manufacture and Industrial Innovation Directorate for Engineering . Kesh Narayanan Acting Director.

SMALL BUSINESS INNOVATION RESEARCH (SBIR) SMALL BUSINESS TECHNOLOGY TRANSFER (STTR) Joe Hennessey jhenness@nsf.gov .

SBIR “Innovation” Model
Private Sector Investment/ Non-SBIR Federal Funds (before/during/after!)

PHASE I Feasibility Research

PHASE II Research towards Prototype

PHASE III Product Development to Commercial Market

Taxes
Federal Investment

Participating Agencies
• • • • • • • • • • DOD HHS NASA DOE NSF $62M SBIR/STTR USDA DOC EPA DOT DoED

TOTAL ~ $1.1B

Employment of Scientists & Engineers*
Education Sector Government Sector 13% G Large Business/Industry Sector Small Business/Industry Sector

36% S

E

18.50%

L 32.50%
* 1997 Data from NSF Science Indicators

Faculty Partnership in Small Businesses • Faculty members can own small firms • Faculty members can be “Senior Personnel” on a grant budget • Faculty members can consult • Faculty members can be Principal Investigators (with official leave from the university) • Faculty members can be part of a university subcontract • Universities laboratories can do analytical and other service support .

Market Driven Investment/BusinessFocused SBIR/STTR Topics • Advanced Materials and Manufacturing • Nanotechnology • Biotechnology • Electronics • Information-Based Technologies .

Machines and Equipment (MME) • Engineering Design (ED) • Integration Engineering (IE) • Operations Research (OR) • Production Systems (PS) • Innovation and Organizational Change (IOC) • Grant Opportunities for Academic Liaison with Industry (GOALI) .Academic DMII Programs • Materials Processing and Manufacturing (MPM) • Manufacturing.

parts and transportation . planning and controlling extended enterprises in a period of very rapid change • Examples – Where to position inventories in supply networks – When to outsource part and component production – How to share forecast information to reduce inventories – How to structure networks to produce build-to-order products with minimum delay and inventory – How to design electronic markets for materials.Scalable Enterprise Systems • Research deals with designing.

Future Directions for Manufacturing Enterprise Small Nano Scale Large Enterprise Scale Nanomanufacturing Engineering the Service Sector Distributed Manufacturing Enterprise .

Division of Electrical and Communications Systems Directorate for Engineering .Electrical and Communications Systems (ECS) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr. Rajinder Khosla Acting Director.

systems and computation technologies and integrative systems and ensure the education of a diverse workforce to support the rapid development of these technologies. Photonics and Device Technologies Control.Electrical and Communication Systems (ECS) Mission: Address fundamental research issues underlying device and component technologies. Core programs: Electronics. Networks and Computational Intelligence Integrative Systems .

and Device Technologies Nanoelectronics Quantum Electronics Micromagnetics Photonics Biomolecular Devices Sensors and Actuators MEMS Power Electronics Wireless Technologies Control. and Computational Intelligence Control Systems Network Engineering Distributed and Hybrid Systems Power and Energy Systems Learning and Adaptive Systems Quantum Information Systems Integrative Systems Microsystems Wireless and Optical Communications and Information Networks . Networks. Photonics.Electrical and Communications Systems Division FY 2002 Priorities Electronics.

National Nanofabrication Users Network (NNUN) Stanford U.org .C. Santa Barbara Nanofabrication Processes Microelectronics Optics and Optoelectronics Cornell Materials Science Penn State Solid State Physics Nanostructure Science Micromechanics Howard Microfluidics Quantum Structures Biophysics Chemical Sensors Polymers www.nnun.

Bruce Kramer Director.Engineering Education and Centers (EEC) Programs at the NATIONAL SCIENCE FOUNDATION Dr. Division of Engineering Education and Centers Directorate for Engineering .

Strategy: Develop the Engineering Faculty of the Future  Reward young faculty for integrating education and research (CAREER Program . Engineering Education Coalitions)  Experience in working across disciplines and in partnership with industry to gain knowledge of industrial practice (ERCs/EERCs and I/UCRCs)  Increase the diversity of the faculty (ADVANCE. linkages between ERCs and minority institutions) .30% of NSF awards are in ENG. CRCD)  Improve faculty teaching skills (Scholars Workshops.

GK-12.Strategy: Attract New Generations of Innovators to Engineering  Attract and retain the best students in engineering through new teaching methods (Coalitions. ERCs/EERCs) New Curricula for Advanced Technology (ERCs/EERCs. CRCD) Expose K-14 students and teachers to engineering and technology (RET. ERCs/EERCs. IGERT)    Engage faculty and students in the learning process Early exposure to engineering practice Collaborative learning and peer tutoring     Increase diversity (REUs. ATE. Graduate Fellowships for Women. Coalitions. ERCs/EERCs) . ADVANCE) Give undergraduates experience with engineering research (REUs.

Engineering Research Centers  “Engineered Systems” Focus  Strategic vision for field  From discovery to proof-of-concept  Integration of research and education  Partnership with industry  Combine engineering and management     39 ERCs supported since 1985 (23 currently funded) Increasingly multi-university Impact on university and practitioner education Competition for FY 2002 awards will start soon .

Industry/University Cooperative Research Centers  More than 50 current I/UCRCs  Strong leveraging of NSF funding (10:1+)  Industry plays an active role in setting research agenda  NSF provides up to $100K/yr for first 5 years  NSF provides less for second 5 years  Proposal Process    Concept paper with expressions of interest from 6 companies Planning Grant ($10K. external review) Full Grant competition (due 18 months after receipt of planning grant) .

Behavioral and Economic Sciences .DIVISION OF INTERNATIONAL PROGRAMS (INT) Directorate of Social.

nsf.see http://www.Types of INT Programs •Planning Visits •Cooperative Research Projects •Workshops •Postdoctoral Fellowships •Dissertation Enhancement •Summer Programs for Graduate Students INT programs are organized by country clusters .gov/sbe/int .

Programs for “Young” Researchers • Undergraduates – Participation in cooperative research projects • Graduate Students – Summer programs in Japan and Korea – Summer schools (ad hoc) – Dissertation enhancement awards – Participation in cooperative research projects • Postdoctoral researchers – Postdoctoral fellows – Japan fellowships – Participation in cooperative research projects .

INT Supplements • • • • Made to current awards International activity of mutual benefit Support for junior faculty and students May be requested any time during the award .

and other emerging technologies » Engineers will need a knowledge base in these areas well beyond what is being provided today » They will also need knowledge of integrated networking and design beyond what is provided today – challenges driven by ever-increasing social responsibilities including engineers playing a greater role in the development and implementation of national and international environmental and economic policy . Nanotechnology. Cognitive Sciences. Terascale Computing. Biotechnology.Summary What challenges will the 21st century engineer face? – challenges driven primarily by advances in IT.

Summary What kind of education will the 21st century engineer need? – One that shifts from strict dedication to course content to a more comprehensive view – One that places primary emphasis on the development of students as emerging professionals – One that strives to assure that the “E” in Engineering truly stands for excitement !! .