References Conclusion

especially in furnishings. we found compressive strength of 11. and also stronger than the ordinary wood-based composites. Data analysis of XRD showed that the used silica nanoparticles were in amorphous phase or had broad pattern. The compressive strength data showed that the composites were stronger than the composites made by Masturi and Kumagizuri. Thus. References Conclusion . pressing temperature of 300oC.ABSTRACT Simple mixing and hot pressing methods were used to make high strength and light-weight composite from oil palmempty fruit bunches (OPEFB) using PVAc as an adhesive and silica nanoparticles as a filler. and pressing time of 20 minutes. Silica nanoparticles were added as filler. The simple mixing method was used to mix composition with PVAc and silica nanoparticles.35 MPa. At pressing pressure of 100 MPa. The mechanical strength of the composite was examined in term of compressive strength. the composites are feasible to be used to replace wood-based composites.

• OPEFB is one of oil palm mill residue wastes. • The addition of silica nanoparticles will reinforce the mechanical strength of the composite. References Conclusion • Nanocomposite material consists of two or more organic/inorganic in some combination form separated at least by a molecule and has at least onedimensional nano size [3].INTRODUCTION • South Sumatera is one of the three major palm tree producing provinces in Indonesia. s .

and pressures. The mixture was then put into a cylindrical mold and hot-pressed at varied pressing temperature.). • The size of silica nanoparticles was measured using a scanning electron microscope (SEM JEOL JSM-6360LA) and its crystallization was determined by Xray diffraction (XRD). In specific mass. it was dissolved in 8 mL of water and stirred for 10 minutes by using magnetic stirrer.EXPERIMENTAL LOCATION • we used OPEFB brought from Tanjung Siapi-api. STEPS • OPEFB were dried and cut into small pieces. time. TOOLS References Conclusion • The measurement of composite compressive strength was performed using a Torsee (Tokyo Testing Machine MFG. • OPEFB was then put into the PVAc solution and mixed. • Polyvinyl acetate (PVAc. FOXTM) was used as an adhesive. • The fabricated samples had diameter of 26 mm and height of 25 – 27 mm . Ltd. South Sumatera. Indonesia.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION • Optimum Fraction of POEFB and PVAc • SEM and XRD Features • Compressive Strength: Addition of Silica Nanoparticles References Conclusion • Variation of Pressing Pressure .

001 0.009 .00 65.003 0.00 References Conclusion 50.00 75.00 70.00 55.005 POEFB Fraction (w/w) 0.007 0.00 0.00 60.00 Compressive Strength (MPa) 80.RESULT AND DISCUSSION Optimum Fraction of POEFB and PVAC 85.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION SEM and XRD Features References Conclusion .

00 0.00 70.001 References Conclusion 0.00 80.009 .005 Fraction of silica (w/w) 0.003 0.007 0.RESULT AND DISCUSSION Compressive Strength: Addition of Silica Nanoparticles 110.00 Compressive strenght (MPa) 100.00 60.00 90.00 50.

RESULT AND DISCUSSION Variation of Pressing Pressure 140 120 Pressing Pressure (MPa) 100 80 150 C 125 C 175 C 200 C 225 C References Conclusion 60 40 40 50 60 70 Compressive Stress (MPa) 80 90 100 .

When the pressing pressure of 100 MPa was applied. • Thus. 3 . • We succeeded in making composites with simple mixing and hot pressing methods by using OPEFB. especially in furnishing.7 MPa[10]. the compressing strength increased until reached a saturation value at 115.39 MPa was obtained using silica nanoparticles at a pressing pressure of 80 MPa.35 MPa. and silica nanoparticles. the composite is feasible to replace wood-based composite. • Composite with high compressive strength of 100. The same condition occured by varying pressing time.37MPa and also better than Kumagai and Sasaki of rice husk composite reached 55. PVAc. pressing temperature of 150 oC.CONCLUSION 1 References Conclusion • These results are better than those of Masturiof home-waste composite[7]in which its compressive strength is 84. and pressing time of 20 minutes. 2 • Mass fraction of PVAc/OPEFB of 13 : 2 has compressive strength of 82.88 MPa.

Fabrikasi material nanokomposit yang kuat. Mikrajuddin. J IEEE Transactions on Dielectrics and Electrical Insulation.Ohki. etc . Mikrajuddin. Stephanie.5(8) (2009) 1473. Polym. Yoshimichi. B. Lembaga Penelitian Universitas Sriwijaya: Unpublished. Takahiro Imai. Marlina. 87. ringan dan murah dengan memanfaatkan serbuk kayu dan matriks resin. Zinc oxide nanoparticles prepared by a simple heating: effect of polymer addition and polymer absence on morphology. Sci. Proceedings ITB on Enggineering Science.. References Conclusion Morgan. Josef Kindersberger. 16. Toshikatsu Tanaka. A. Tree initiation characteristic of epoxy resin/clay nanocomposites.References I.. Gilman. J. Khairurijal dan L. App. J.Okuyama K. Sriyanti. Laporan Hibah Pekerti Tahun I. 35B (2004) 140-152. A.. (2003) 1329-1338. Characterization of polymer-layered silicate (clay) nanocomposites by transmission electron microscopy and X-ray diffraction: a comparative study.