SMART MATERIAL APPLICATION IN DESIGN OF HINGELESS AIRCRAFT WING

UNDER THE GUIDENCE OF Mr. C. THANGAVEL Assistant Professor VINAYAKA MISSIONS UNIVERSITY: SALEM VINAYAKA MISSIONS KIRUPANANDA VARIYAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

P. KANDASAMY PG student VINAYAKA MISSIONS UNIVERSITY: SALEM VINAYAKA MISSIONS KIRUPANANDA VARIYAR ENGINEERING COLLEGE

OBJECTIVES

• The overall aircraft performance is strongly
dependant on these characteristics – volume, power, weight – therefore it is desirable to minimize the power consumption, volume occupied and weight of the control system based on the suitable materials.

WING STRUCTURE

SMART MATERIALS

• Smart materials are defined as those that change in a controlled way when an external stimulus is applied.

TYPES OF SMART MATERIALS • PIEZOCERAMICS

 Monolithic Piezoceramics  Active Fiber Composites Micro Fiber Composites

PIEZOCERAMICS
• Piezoelectric are a different type of smart material with the property of transduction, where there is a coupling between the electrical and mechanical properties.

ACTIVE FIBER COMPOSITES

MICRO FIBER COMPOSITES

WHY WE ARE MOVE FOR SMART MATERIALS • Smart materials are designed materials that have one or more properties that can be significantly changed in a controlled fashion by external stimulus, such as stress, temperature, moisture, pH , electric and magnetic fields.

WINGS • The particular design of a wing depends on many factors, such as the size, weight, speed, rate of climb, and use of the aircraft.

WINGS LAYOUT

STIFFENER • To improve the compressive properties of carbon composite. • Aircraft wing spar allowing for increasing payload due to improve compressive properties and lower structural weight.

HINGELESS WINGS • Hingeless definition: A device for holding together two parts such that one can swing relative to the other, typically having two interlocking metal leaves held by a pin about which they pivot . A joint device or flexible piece on which a door, gate, that moves only backwards and forwards a joint that functions in only one plane.

TYPES OF SMART MATERIALS USED IN HINGELESS WINGS

• NICKLE & TITANIUM indicates the nitional

NITIONAL It consist on two shape i) shape memory ii) super elasticity

SHAPE MEMORY • Shape memory is the ability of nitinol to undergo deformation at one temperature, then recover its original, undeformed shape upon heating above its transformation of temperature.

SUPER ELASTICITY • Super elasticity occurs at a narrow temperature range just above its transformation temperature. • In this case no heating is necessary to cause the undeformed shape to recover, and the material exhibits enormous elasticity, some 10-30 times that of ordinary metal.

PROPERTY OF NITIONAL
Property Melting Point (ºC) Density (g/cc) Electrical Resistivity (µΩ-cm) Thermal Expansion (10-6/ ºC) Thermal Conductivity (W/mºC) Elastic Modulus (GPa) Nitinol (martensite (M)/austenite (A)) 1310 6.5 76 (M) / 82 (A) 6.6 (M) / 11 (A) 18 40 (M) / 75 (A) Stainless Steel 1450 8 72 17.3 16.3 193

TWINNING Martensite's crystal structure (known as a monoclinic, or B19' structure) has the unique ability to undergo limited deformation in some ways without breaking atomic bonds.

THERMAL HYSTERESIS OF NITINOL PHASE TRANSFORMATION

THE EFFECT OF NITINOL COMPOSITION ON THE MS TEMPERATURE

HOW DID MAKE NITIONAL There are two primary melting methods used today:

i) Vacuum Arc Remelting
ii) Vacuum Induction Melting

ADVANTAGE
• No substantive data showing that material from one process is better than the other. • Other methods are also used on a boutique scale, including plasma arc melting, induction skull melting, and e-beam melting. • Physical vapor deposition is also used on a laboratory scale.

APPLICATION OF SMART MATERIALS
• AIR CRAFT WINGS. • SHIP. • BUILDING CONSTRUCTION FOR EARTH QUACK.

APPLICATION OF NITIONAL • Nitinol is deformed at a low temperature, and heated to recover its original shape. • The recovery is rigidly prevented, and thus a stress is

generated.
• Here the alloy is allowed to recover, but to do so, it

must act against a force.

LIMITATION • Fatigue failures have been observed in the most demanding applications. • Nitinol releases heat at a slower pace than stainless steel.

SCOPE OF FUTURE • In my future, nitioal implement the ship and building construction.

CONCULSION • The technologies of using smart materials are useful for both new and existing constructions. • In using nitional is used to reduce the weight and obtain the heavy load. • It is used to improve the efficiency.

REFERENCE • Smart materials and Modern materials - james playford. • Aircraft basic construction - james yard. • Aircraft structure • Case study of aircraft wing manufacturing.

THAK YOU