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ITALY

Submitted By: Name: Madhu Babu Bhogadi EBS ID: 0121PG104

GEOGRAPHY

HISTORY
Derived from term Italia, from Latin meaning "land of young cattle
The bull was a symbol of the southern Italian tribes during the Samnite Wars Italy was named after Italus, mentioned also by Aristotle and Thucydides Italic tribes : Umbrian's, Latin's , Volsci, Samnites, Celts and Ligures inhabited northern Italy Non-Indo-European heritage include the Etruscans, the Elymians and Sicani in Sicily and the prehistoric Sardinians.

ITALY AT A GLANCE
Capital city: Rome Republic day: 2nd June National flag: Tri coloured flag National animal: Italian Wolf

National flower: white lily or poppy


National anthem: Carto de italiana National bird: bluebird National game: football Currency: Euro(56.69 indian rupees)

CLIMATE
Highly diverse and , depending on location. Piedmont, Lombardy and Emilia-Romagna, have humid continental or temperate climate. climate of the Po valley region is continental with harsh winters and hot summers. The coastal regions have mild winters and warm and dry summers.

MAJOR CITIES
ROME: Capital city of Italy , largest and most populous city, 2.8 million inhabitants. The historic capital of the Roman Empire

VENICE: famous for its canals & palaces built on water. Venice is the Capital of the Veneto region population: 271,251.

MILAN: One of the world capitals of design and fashion and capital of the Lombardy region.

TURIN: Important industrial city


A business and cultural centre in northern Italy Headquarter of the Fiat company. Population: 908,000 inhabitants.

BOLOGNA: Capital city of the Emilia-Romagna region. One of the top cities in Italy in terms of quality of life

FLORENCE: one of the most important Renaissance architectural and art centers. Duomo and Baptistery are magnificent

MAJOR CITIES
RANK 1 2 3 CITY ROME MILAN NAPLES POPUL. 2761477 1324110 959574 RANK 8 9 10 CITY FLORENCE BARI CATANIA POPUL. 371282 320475 293458

4
5 6 7

TURIN
PALERMO GENOA BOLOGNA

907563
655875 607906 380181

11
12 13 14

VENICE
VERONA MESSINA PADUA

270884
263964 242503 214198

INTERESTING FACTS
The Santa Maria del Fiore cathedral ranks 84th in the world for ecological sustainability. one of the world's largest producers of renewable energy Italian Scuderia Ferrari is the oldest surviving team in Grand Prix racing Italy won the 2006 FIFA World Cup currently the second most successful football team in the world, after Brazil, having won four FIFA World Cups. Genoa: Hometown of explorer Christopher Columbus, composer Niccol Paganini, actor Vittorio Gassman. Mont Blanc - the highest point in Italy and the European Union 14 volcanoes in Italy, three of which are active: Etna , Stromboli and Vesuvius Most famous Indian politician i.e Mrs. Sonia Gandhi is a native of Italy Birth place of pizza & pasta Red flower: secrecy Purple flower: bad luck Yellow flower : jealousy

LANGUAGES
Official language: Italian Numerous dialects spoken all over the country and some Italians cannot speak Italian at all.

FRIULIAN: one of the dialects


A number of minority languages have co-official status. French is co-official in the Valle dAosta. German has the same status as that of French.

RELIGION
Roman Catholic with mature Protestant and Jewish communities and a growing Muslim immigrant community 74% Italians believe in God, or a form of a spiritual life force. 16% believe there is some sort of spirit or life force. 6% do not believe that there is any sort of spirit, God, or life force.

ETIQUETTES & CUSTOMS


MEETING ETIQUETTE

GIFT GIVING ETIQUETTE

DINING ETIQUETTE

BUSINESS ETIQUETTE
Relationships & Communication Business Meeting Etiquette Dressing etiquette Business cards

ARCHITECTURE
Broad and diverse architectural style. Considerable architectural achievements Colosseum, the Milan Cathedral and Florence cathedral, the Leaning Tower of Pisa and the building designs of Venice.

FESTIVALS
Nevada county Italian festival: 17& 18 sep Festa Italiana: 1st weekend of August The sicilian festival: 18th May

VISUAL ART
Painting: a warmth of colour and light, as shown in the works of Caravaggio and Titian Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci, Donatello Botticelli, Fra Angelico, Caravaggio, Bernini, Titian and Raphael The Last Supper& Mona Lisa

LITERATURE
The Divine Comedy by poet Dante Alighieri Giovanni Boccaccio, Giacomo Leopardi, Alessandro Manzoni, Torquato Tasso, Ludovico Ariosto and Petrarch

SPORTS
long sporting tradition Most popular sport: football Basketball and volleyball: next most popular games It has also got strong traditions in cycling, tennis, athletics, fencing, cycling, motor biking and rugby.

ITALIAN FOODS
History of Italian cooking Italian food has become famous all over the world Its pasta based dishes and the use of cheese The food is mostly combined with sauces

EDUCATION
Public education is free and compulsory from 6 to 15 years of age and has a five-year primary stage and an eight-year secondary stage. An above-average output of scientific papers as compared to 90 countries in world. 15 Italian universities ranked in the 2010 QS World University Rankings two are ranked in the Top 200 of the world

TOURISM
Italy is the fourth highest tourist earner, and fifth most visited country in the world More than 43.2 million tourists a year visit the country Rich art, cuisine, history, fashion and culture, its beautiful coastline and beaches, its mountains, ancient monuments especially those from the Greek civilization and Roman civilization. Tourism is one of the fastest growing and most profitable industrial sectors, with an estimated revenue of $42.7 billion The first actual tourists to come to Italy were aristocrats during the Grand Tour, in late 17th century, and flourishing in the 18th century. Rome attracted thousands tourists from all over the world which included most of the Mediterranean, Northern Africa, England and the parts of the Middle East Traders and merchants came to Italy from several different parts of the world.

Top attractions : Venice, Florence, Rome, Naples and Sicily By the 1850s, less-cultural visits began to be made, and several tourists also came to Italy for its nature and weather Ligurian coast around Venice, coastal Tuscany and the Amalfi coast are popular. Capri, Ischia, Procida and Elba, and the Northern Lakes, such as Lake Como, Lake Maggiore and Lake Garda Tourism remained very popular until the late-1920s and early-1930s Economic depression & political instability reduced the tourism rate Italian economic miracle and raised living standards: increased tourism Cheap hotels Ski resorts & chalets were built

ECONOMY
Economy changed from agriculture to industrial state Seventh largest economy in the world Unemployment is around 8.4% in 2011 and is forecast to remain around that level for years The major economy is constituted byCorporation Transports Tourism Itlay has capitalist economy. Italy is member of the Group of Eight (G8) industrialized nations. The country is also well-known for its influential and innovative business economic sector

CORPORATIONS
Smaller number of global multinational corporations. Large number of small and medium-sized enterprises "industrial triangle" (Milan-Turin-Genoa) Tuscan industrial triangle (Florence-Prato-Pistoia) country was the world's 7th largest exporter in 2009. Italy's major exports and companies by sector are motor vehicles ,chemicals and petrochemicals, electrical engineering, home appliances, aerospace and defense technologies, firearms , fashion; food processing, sport and luxury vehicles ,yachts.

Trade partners
Italy's closest trade ties are with the other countries of the European Union, with whom it conducts about 59% of its total trade. Its largest EU trade partners, in order of market share, are Germany (12.9%), France (11.4%), and Spain (7.4%).

Trade relations with India


Trade relations since 1929 1966- Indo Italy chamber of commerce & industry established Italy is the fourth largest trading partner with India India exports such items as textiles, chemicals , dyes , minerals such as iron ore , food products Italy exports machinery , oils , textile including weaving , spinning machines An agreement signed regarding this

Italian companies operating in India


Fiat India Benetton India ST microelectronics Wellspun zucchi textiles Perfetti van melle india

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