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Prime Numbers

Some Simple Tips and Reminders


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Definitions
Even Numbers Any number that
can be divided by 2
Odd Numbers Any number that
cannot be divided by 2
Composite Number An integer that
can be divided by at least one other
number (a factor) other than itself

Definitions
Prime Number An integer whose
only factors are 1 and itself.
Factor a number that can divide
another number without a remainder.
Prime Factors an expression of
numbers that divides another integer
without a remainder where all the
factors are prime.

What numbers are prime?


Lets look at a number grid from 1 to
100 and see how they were
discovered.

Heres How You Do It


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Take out the number 1 1
because it is a special
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
number
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Heres How You Do It


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Take out the number 1
because it is a special
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
number
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Heres How You Do It


2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
Take out numbers that
have a composite
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
factor of 2
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30
31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40
41 42 43 44 45 46 47 48 49 50
51 52 53 54 55 56 57 58 59 60
61 62 63 64 65 66 67 68 69 70
71 72 73 74 75 76 77 78 79 80

81 82 83 84 85 86 87 88 89 90
91 92 93 94 95 96 97 98 99 100

Heres How You Do It


2
Take out numbers that
have a composite
11
factor of 2

13

15

17

19

21

23

25

27

29

31

33

35

37

39

41

43

45

47

49

51

53

55

57

59

61

63

65

67

69

71

73

75

77

79

81

83

85

87

89

91

93

95

97

99

Heres How You Do It


2

11

13

15

17

19

Take out numbers that 21


have a composite
31
factor of 3

23

25

27

29

33

35

37

39

41

43

45

47

49

51

53

55

57

59

61

63

65

67

69

71

73

75

77

79

81

83

85

87

89

91

93

95

97

99

Heres How You Do It


2

11

13

Take out numbers that


have a composite
31
factor of 3

23

41

37

55

73

49
59

67
77

85
95

19
29

47
65

83
91

25

43

61

7
17

35
53

71

79

89
97

Heres How You Do It


2
11

3
13
23

31
41

Take out numbers that


have a composite
factor of 5
61

71

25

43
53

7
17

35

37

55

73

49
59

67
77

85
95

19
29

47
65

83
91

79

89
97

Heres How You Do It


2
11

3
13

7
17

23
31
41

Take out numbers that


have a composite
factor of 5
61

71

29
37

43

47

53

49
59

67
73

77

83
91

19

79

89
97

Heres How You Do It


2
11

3
13

7
17

23
31
41

29
37

43

47

53
Take out numbers that 61
have a composite
71
factor of 7

91

19

49
59

67
73

77

83

79

89
97

The PRIME Numbers!


2
11

3
13

7
17

23
31
41

29
37

43

47

53
Take out numbers that 61
have a composite
71
factor of 7

19

59
67

73

79

83

89
97

How Do We Know They Are


Prime?
Composite numbers can be placed
into varying types of rectangles
Prime numbers cannot
Lets look at that

Composite Numbers
6

15

24

Prime Numbers
7

17

29

Thats It!
A prime number cannot be divided by
anything other than 1 and itself.