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# WORKSHOP 4 Structure Subjected to Enforced Displacement at an incline

Workshop 4-1

Workshop 4-2

## Workshop 4 - Coordinate Systems and Constraints

1. Using the truss model from Workshop 3, change the constraints and add a fourth loading condition. 2. The new constraints will be a roller constraint along a 45 degree surface at the right edge (GRID point 7) 3. In the additional loading condition: a. Apply a displacement of .05 units normal to the sloped surface b. Apply no other loads for this loading condition 4. In order to do this, we will need to define a displacement coordinate system (CORD2R 100) for GRID 7 CORD2R,100,,576.,0.,0.,576.,0.,1. ,577.,1.,0.

Workshop 4-3

## NAS101 Workshops Copyright 2001 MSC.Software Corporation

Workshop 4-4

New and Modified Case Control and Bulk Data for Workshop 4

TITLE = GARAGE ROOF FRAME SUBTITLE = WOOD AND STEEL MEMBERS DISPLACEMENT = ALL SPCFORCES = ALL STRESS = ALL SPC = 10 TEMP(INIT) = 20 SUBCASE 1 SUBTITLE=TRUSS_LBCS LOAD = 1 SUBCASE 20 SUBTITLE = THERMAL LOAD TEMP(LOAD) = 26

SUBCASE 30 SUBTITLE = GRAVITY LOAD LOAD = 30 SUBCASE 40 SUBTITLE = SUPPORT SETTLING LOAD = 40 BEGIN BULK CORD2R,100,,576.,0.,0.,576.,0.,1. ,577.,1.,0. SPCD,40,7,2,-.05 \$ modified GRID 7 - displacement coordinate system GRID 7 576.0 0.0 0.0 100 345

Workshop 4-5

## Suggested Exercise Steps:

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Copy previous PATRAN workshop db file:w3.db to another name called w4.db Open the PATRAN database and bring in the w4.db Create a new coordinate system, and let GRID 7 uses this coordinate system as for the analysis frame. Create a new loadcase in PATRAN, (fourth loadcase) is called enforced_disp ,copy all the boundary conditions from the first loadcase to enforced_disp except the force loading. Create enforced displacement load in the new loadcase Submit the model to MSC.Nastran for analysis. Post-Process results using MSC.Patran.

## NAS101 Workshops Copyright 2001 MSC.Software Corporation

Workshop 4-6

Create a new load case: enforced_disp a. Type in enforced_disp for the Loadcase name. b. Click on the Assign/Prioritize Load/BCs button to bring up the menu on the far right. c. Click on the boundary conditions from the top left corner d. Select clamp, dof456, and rightside. e. Click OK to return to the main material menu. f. Click Apply.

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## Step 2. Create Coord: Create/Coord/3Point

Create a new coordinate system a. Create / Coord/ 3Point. b. Enter [576 0 0] for the Origin c. Enter [576 0 1] for the point on Axis 3.

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## Step 3. Finite Element: Modify /Node /Edit

Modified the grid to use new analysis coordinate frame. a. Select Coord 1 for the Analysis Coordinate Frame. b. Click on Node 7 c. Click Apply.

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## Step 4. Loads/BCs: Create /Displacement /Nodal

Create the enforced displacement loading a. b. c. d. Enter spcd as the new set name. Click Input Data, ENTER < , -0.05 ,> for the translations Put your cursor inside the Analysis Coordinate Frame box, and select the Coord 1 from the screen.Click OK to close the form Click on Select Application region and Changed the selection filter to FEM select Node 7 Click Add Click OK Click Apply.

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f. g. h. i.

Workshop 4-10

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## Step 5. Loads/BCs: Modify/Displacement /Nodal

Modified the rightside boundary conditions for the new coord 1 a. b. c. Click rightside as the new set name. Click Modify Data, Changed the Analysis Coordinate Frame to Coord 1 Click OK to close the form Click on application region and select Node 7 Click Add Click OK Click Apply.

d. e. f. g.

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Workshop 4-13

## Step 5. Analysis: Analyze/ Entire Model/Analysis Deck

Submit the model for analysis. a. Analyze / Entire Model / Analysis Deck. b. We will have to modified the existing test deck c. Click on the Solution Type. d. Select LINEAR STATIC as the Solution Type. e. Click OK. f. Click Direct Text input.

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## Step 6. Direct Text Input Case Control Section

Direct text input a. Click on the button-Case Control Section. b. Enter TEMP(INIT)=20 c. Click OK.

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## Step 7. Direct Text Input Bulk Data Section

Direct text input a. Click on Direct Text Input b. Click the button-Bulk Data Section. c. Enter TEMPD,20,70.0 d. Click OK. e. Click on the Subcase Select

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## Step 8. Analysis: Subcase Select

Be sure the click the subcases in the following order a. Click On the Default from the top menu first. b. Followed by selecting thermal load, gravity load, and enforced_disp. c. Click OK. d. Click Apply.

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## Step 9. : Modified the existing analysis test deck

Use notepad on your PC to open the translated test deck called:w4.bdf
\$ Existing translations with PATRAN version 2001 \$CASE CONTROL section SUBCASE 4

## \$ Subcase name : enforced_disp

SUBTITLE=enforced_disp SPC = 2 LOAD = 7 DISPLACEMENT(SORT1,REAL)=ALL SPCFORCES(SORT1,REAL)=ALL STRESS(SORT1,REAL,VONMISES,BILIN)=ALL\$ BEGIN BULK Loads for Load Case : enforced_disp

Currently there is an translational error in PATRAN version 2001 writing out duplicate SPCADD bulk data entries.In order to correct this , the user needs to modified the bulk data cards as followed. 1. 2. Changed the SPC ID from 2 to 3 in the subcase 4 in the case control Changed the second SPCADD in the bulk data entries to SPCADD,3,18,19,20,17

After editing the files then saved the filename as w4_m.dat. you can submit NASTRAN outside the PATRAN.

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## Step 10. Analysis: Attach XDB/ Result Entities/ Local

Attach the XDB result file. a. Attach XDB / Result Entities / Local. b. Click on Select Result File. c. Select the file called w4_m.xdb d. Click OK. e. Click Apply.

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## Step 11. Results: Create/Quick Plot

Create a Quick Plot of the results. a. Create / Quick Plot. b. Select SC4 result case. c. Select Displacement, Translational for the Deformation Result. d. Click Apply.

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