An Introduction By Sanjay Kalla

Introduction   One of the FAQs we come across in life is What
is life? Life is a conscious effort of achieving the purpose, through coordination of body, intellect, mind and soul. Is there anything that helps us combine these four aspects to make us complete.  Here comes in YOGA….

and spiritually.Introduction  The word Yoga comes from the Sanskrit word "Yuj" meaning to yoke. uniting the individual with the supreme. join or unite. .body with mind and mind with soul to achieve a happy. balanced and useful life. This implies joining or integrating all aspects of the individual .

Why Yoga?  Why this unification: Have we gone far away from our Source? When we Re – Join our being. our purpose of being alive it is Unification or Yoga. (Not mentally but existentially) .

What is Yoga?   It is a journey from:  # Ignorance to Wisdom  # Unconscious to Super Conscious  # Instinct to Intuition  # Seed to Flower  # Human to Buddha hood  # Darkness to Light  # Death to Deathlessness .

The paths of yoga 4. The roots of yoga 2. The yoga sutras (threads) of Patanjali .Orientation  The topic will be covered in 4 parts 1. The aim of yoga 3.

The Roots of Yoga  Yoga Method?  Consciousness express itself through Seven Chakras starting upwards from the base of the spinal chord to top of the head :  # Muladhara – Body – Karma (action)  # Swadhishthana – Senses– Bhoga (sensual enjoyment)  # Manipura – Prana – Breath  # Anahata – Heart .Thoughts  # Agyna – Am-ness .Love  # Vishuddhi – Mind .Samadhi  .Meditation  # Sahastrara – Soul .1.

Love needs Self-Esteem. Sense of worth needs Cognitive. beauty Self – Actualization need . The humanistic psychologist Abraham Maslow proposed the theory of hierarchy of human needs as per the growth of the individual.  # # # # # # # Biological needs Safety needs Affiliation. knowledge needs Aesthetic. needs for order.

 .So gathering from all above it can be said Yoga is actually need of human being from Existing to Existence.

Yoga Branches?   In India. The Upanishads are also broadly philosophical treatises which postdate the Vedas and deal with the nature of the "soul" and universe. Yoga is considered one of the six branches of classical philosophy and is referred to throughout the Vedas . .ancient Indian scriptures and amongst the oldest texts in existence.

the origins of yoga are believed to be much older than that. stemming from the oral traditions of Yogis.x Yoga Branches?   However." who first began investigation into the nature of reality and man's inner world. . "the Rishis. where knowledge of Yoga was handed down from Guru (spiritual teacher) to Sisya (spiritual student) all the way back to the originators of Yoga.

In Kaivalya one is said to exist in peace and tranquillity. unchanging and free of sorrows. the ultimate aim of Yoga is to reach "Kaivalya" (emancipation or ultimate freedom). . and the material which is not. The Aim of Yoga   According to the Yoga Sutras of Patanjali.2. Then one becomes free of chains of cause and effect (Karma) which tie us to continual reincarnation. having attained absolute knowledge of the difference between the spiritual which is timeless. This is the experience of one's innermost being or "soul" (the Purusa).

 Yoga is therefore a spiritual quest. However. Buddhism and other Eastern spiritual traditions use many techniques derived from Yoga. happiness. .The Aim of Yoga   This is considered desirable as life is analysed as ultimately full of sorrows and pain. along the path of yoga. tranquillity and knowledge which are indicators of progress and an encouragement to continue their practice. the aspirant also gains health.even pleasure and joy leave pain and loss when they have gone as nothing in the material world is permanent.

by which to reach the ultimate goal of Yoga .  the path of selfless work (Karma marga)."Kaivalya.  the path of devotion (Bhakti Marga) and  the path of control of the mind (Yoga Marga) where all the activities of the mind and consciousness are studied and brought under control. The Paths of Yoga  . according to the Bhagavad Gita. 3. There are said to be 4 main paths (Margas)."  There is  the path of Knowledge (Jnana Marga) in which one learns to discriminate between what is real and what is illusory.

 Bhakti yoga requires absolute devotion to god to achieve the ultimate goal.  Jnana yoga is the yoga of knowledge cultivating the discrimination between spiritual reality and the illusion of the material world.  Laya yoga involves absorption in god to experience ultimate bliss.  .  Raja yoga involves mastery of the mind and senses in Samadhi. essentially the advanced aspects of Patanjali's astanga yoga.  Mantra yoga involves reciting sacred syllables to reach perfection.  Karma yoga achieves this through selfless work without thought of personal reward.From these have come the various paths of yoga which can be followed.  Hatha yoga is the yoga of the will which involves cultivating ones energy to arouse Kundalini primarily by means of asana and pranayama.

Yoga Sutras of Patanjali   The varied philosophies and methodologies of Yoga itself were clearly and methodically brought together and presented by the sage Patanjali in his set of 196 aphorisms called "The Yoga Sutras. integrated and comprehensive text.4. How all the aspects interrelate and form part of the whole body of yoga are clearly elucidated." written some 2200 years ago.  The Sutras bring together all the various strands of theory and practice from all sources of yoga and present them in one concise.  There are 8 disciplines to yoga as presented by Patanjali (thus Astanga yoga .8 limbed yoga) which must be practiced and refined in order to perceive the true selfthe ultimate goal of Yoga: .

meditation.Breath control. non-stealing.  Niyama .a state of higher consciousness where the sense of self (ego) dissolves in the object of meditation and the individual self exists in its own pure nature.withdrawal and control of the senses.  Dharana .Principles of self-conduct: purity.  Dhyana .  Pratyahara .Universal ethics: Non-violence. sexual restraint and non-acquisitiveness. truthfulness. contentment.concentration.  Samadhi .practice of the postures.  .  Asana . Yama .  Pranayama . study of self and scriptures and self-surrender. intense dedication or austerity.

adults. Their 2008 survey accounted for 15. according to the latest Yoga in America study.8 million yoga practitioners. produced by Yoga Journal.7 percent of U.about 8. .Conclusion   The number of Americans who practice yoga has shot up by nearly 30 percent in the past four years.S.4 million Americans are now practicing -. but the latest figure shows that 20.

many commentaries and translations have been written over the centuries by various scholars and practitioners. we can transform ourselves. Written in Sanskrit.Conclusion   Through the practice of Yoga. overcome obstacles to our spiritual evolution and attain the goal of yoga: liberation from the bondage of worldly desires. . each interpreting as per their era and understanding. gain mastery over the mind and emotions.

it is related to spirituality or the way we live and shape our lives. In simple words “Yoga is Merger of Individual Consciousness with Universal Consciousness!” Remember Yoga is not religion or related to religion. .

conclusion  To conclude I must say that “mere philosophy will not satisfy us. . Without doing and without practice. We cannot reach the goal by mere words alone. nothing can be achieving.

Thank You Lead a happy life!!! .