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Thus.Preliminary Binomial is an algebraic expression of two terms "Bi" in binomial refers to two objects/unknowns e. a+b is a binomial with unknowns a and b. 2x-3y is a binomial with unknowns x and y.g. binomial expansion is an expression obtained from a binomial raised to a certain power. .

Preliminary (a+b)2=(a+b)(a+b) =a2+2ab+b2 ==> binomial raised to power of 2 (a+b)3=(a+b)(a2+2ab+b2) =a3+3a2b+3ab2+b2 ==> binomial raised to power of 3 .

..... nCn a nb 0 n ( a b) C r a b n n r 0 r nr .n (a+b) The expansion of the binomial expression (a+b)n n 1 1 (a b) C0 a b C1a b C2 a n n n 0 n n n2 2 b . Cn a b n 0 n n ( a b) n n C r a n r b r r 0 OR (a b) n nC0 a 0b n nC1a1b n 1 nC2 a 2b n 2 ..

Example 1 Expand each of the following. a) (x+y)5 b) (x+1/x)6 c) (x-√2)7 ( x y)5 5C0 ( x)5 ( y) 0 5C1 ( x) 4 ( y)1 5C2 ( x)3 ( y) 2 5C3 ( x) 2 ( y)3 5C4 ( x)1 ( y) 4 5C5 ( x) 0 ( y)5 x 5 5 x 4 y 10 x 3 y 2 10 x 2 y 3 5 xy 4 y 5 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 ( x ) 6 6C0 ( x) 6 ( ) 0 6C1 ( x) 5 ( )1 6C2 ( x) 4 ( ) 2 6C3 ( x)3 ( )3 6C4 ( x) 2 ( ) 4 6C5 ( x)1 ( )5 6C6 ( x) 0 ( ) 6 x x x x x x x x 1 1 1 x 6 6 x 4 15x 2 20 15 2 6 4 6 x x x ( x 2 ) 7 7C0 ( x) 7 ( 2 ) 0 7C1 ( x) 6 ( 2 )1 7C2 ( x)5 ( 2 ) 2 7C3 ( x) 4 ( 2 )3 7C4 ( x)3 ( 2 ) 4 7C5 ( x) 2 ( 2 )5 7C6 ( x)1 ( 2 ) 6 7C7 ( x) 0 ( 2 ) 7 x 7 7 2 x 6 42 x 5 70 2 x 4 140x 3 84 2 x 2 56 x 8 2 .

T3 ==> r = 2 nth term. T4= 5C3 (x)5-3 (y)3 = 10x3y2 .Common Term Common Term of (x+y)n = nCr (x)n-r (y)r 3th term. Tn ==> r = n-1 (x+y)5 .

Example 2 Find the coefficient of x-2 of (x+1/x)6 The common term Cr ( x) 6 x 2 ( x) 6 r x 6 r x 2 r r4 1 r ( ) x 6 r 1 r ( ) x 1 4 T5 C4 ( x) ( ) x 15 x 2 6 2 the coefficient of x -2 15 .

Example 3 Find the constant term of (x+1/x)6 The common term Cr ( x) 6 6 r 1 r ( ) x x r x 6 r 1 3 T4 C3 ( x) ( ) x 20 r 3 the constant term 20 x ( x) 0 6 r 1 r ( ) x 6 3 .

2/x)6 2 6 r The common term Cr ( x ) 6 2 6r x (x ) 0 x r x12 2 r r4 1 r ( ) x 2 r ( ) x 2 4 T5 C4 ( x ) ( ) x 240 6 2 2 the constant term 240 .Example 4 Find the constant term of (x2 .

Example 5 Expand each of the following. a) (1-2x)4 b) (2x+5y)3 (1 2 x) 4 4C0 (1) 4 (2 x) 0 4C1 (1) 3 (2 x)1 4C2 (1) 2 (2 x) 2 4C3 (1)1 (2 x) 3 4C4 (1) 0 (2 x) 4 1 8 x 24 x 2 32 x 3 16 x 4 (2 x 5 y ) 3 3C0 (2 x) 3 (5 y ) 0 3C1 (2 x) 2 (5 y )1 3C2 (2 x)1 (5 y ) 2 3C3 (2 x) 0 (5 y ) 3 8 x 3 60 x 2 y 150 xy 2 125 y 3 .

) 2 2 10 x 20 x 2 x 5 x 2 10 x 3 .. (2 x)(1 x) 5 (2 x) 5C0 (1) 5 ( x) 0 5C1 (1) 4 ( x)1 5C2 (1) 3 ( x) 2 . 2 44 x 25 x 2 .... .Example 6 Expand (2+x)(1+x)5 up to the term in x2 in ascending power of x.. (2 x)(1 5 x 10 x .....

c)( 1 x34x)10 [ x r ] x 7 ) 6 [ x43 ] b)( a)2(13 x)2 4 [ x4 ] 7 4 d ) (2 x )(1 x) [ x ] 4 10 r 4 r 10 a)(1 x) [x ] the common ter m 7 CC r(1) (1 7)-r (x)3(rxx ) the common ter m 2 4 2 2 6 4 r x 6 r 4 r ( 2 x )( 1 x ) ( 2 x )( 1 C ( x ) C ( x ) the common ter m C ( ) ( ) 1 3x 6 3 2 r1 4 r b)( ) [ x ] 3 24 x 0 x1 10 r 4 4 r 3 4 3 2 x 3 ( r ) xC3 ( x) C4 ( x) ) x 4xx r 4 2 2 3 4 4 10 ( 2 x )( 1 4 x 6 x 4 x x ) c)( x ) [constant] 7 r 4r 7 .x) [x ] 353 x( ) ( ) x T4 C 34 103 2 4 3 4 2 10 T C3 ( ) t(of x )x 2949120 The 35 3 coefficien 5 x t of x 3 the coefficien the constant term 2949120 2 .4 4 10 r 3 T5 C 4 (1)4 (x) x Coefficien t26 of x14 632 3x6 3 8 5 3 r 2 4 4 d)(2 x )(1 .Example 7 Find the coefficient of the term indicated in square brackets in the expansion of each of the expression 4 below.

... 2 207 200 a.. determine the value of a..) (1 ax)(1 200 x .Example 8 Given that the coefficient of x in the expansion of (1+ax)(1+5x)40 is 207.. (1 ax)(1 5 x) 40 (1 ax)(1 40C1 (5 x) . a 7 . 1 (200 a ) x 200ax ..) 1 ax 200 x 200ax 2 .

001) 115200(0.005) 9 (2 5(0.. b) (2. b) Hence evaluate (2... p.) .. 9 9 9 0 9 8 1 9 7 2 512 11520 x 115200 x 2 .64 (2d .001))9 512 11520(0.005)9 correct to two decimal places. 523.Example 9 a) write the first three terms in the binomial expansion of (2+5x)9 in ascending power of x..001) 2 .. a ) (2 5 x) C0 (2) (5 x) C1 (2) (5 x) C2 (2) (5 x) .

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