You are on page 1of 9


What is assessment ?
Assessment is the ongoing process of gathering, analysing and reflecting on evidence to make informed and consistent judgements to improve future student learning.

Three main purposes for assessment

Assessment for learning occurs when teachers use inferences about student progress to inform their teaching. (formative)

Assessment as learning occurs when students reflect on and monitor their progress to inform their future learning goals. (formative)

Assessment of learning occurs when teachers use evidence of student learning to make judgements on student achievement against goals and standards. (summative)

Assessment for learning:

establishes a classroom culture that encourages interaction and the use of assessment tools

occurs throughout a learning sequence and is planned

when teachers design teaching and learning activities involves teachers sharing learning intentions and explicit assessment criteria with students involves teachers and students setting and monitoring

student progress against learning goals

requires teachers to ascertain students' prior knowledge, perceptions and misconceptions

Assessment for learning:

involves teachers focusing on how students learn and how to scaffold their learning

involves teachers adapting teaching practice to meet student needs provides sensitive and constructive feedback to students on their performance

involves teachers making formative use of summative


Assessment as learning:

involves students monitoring their learning and using feedback from this monitoring to make adjustments and changes to their skills and understandings

establishes students role and responsibility in relation

to their learning and assessment

empowers students to consider strategies for learning and taking action involves students in self-assessment and peerassessment

Assessment as learning:

promotes students self-esteem and self-confidence through an understanding of how they learn to learn develops students capacity to reflect on the learning and to contribute to their future learning goals enhances students life-long learning skills emphasises the process of learning as it is experienced

by the student

Assessment of learning:
enables students to demonstrate what they know and

can do
describes the extent to which a student has achieved the learning goals

uses teacher judgements about student achievement

at a point in time is supported by examples or evidence of student learning ensures consistent teacher judgements through

moderation processes
is used to plan future learning goals.

Questions for future consideration

Do our assessment practices make use of all three

main purposes for assessment?

Do our assessment processes allow for a balance of assessment for, as and of learning?

How can assessment for and as learning (formative)

assist students when it comes to assessment of learning (summative)?

What processes could our school use to align its

assessment processes to the assessment advice provided by the Department?