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Ethics in Engineering

INTRODUCTION
To become a professional engineer , YOU must have good moral and ethics IN ORDER to give good services for the society. Our discussion is about morality in engineering

Engineering EthicsThrough the Years


1978: Pintos sold despite known design problem with gas tankdozens die 1984: Union Carbide ignores Bhopal safety procedures 2000 die, 200,000 injured 1986: Challenger launched in cold despite O-ring concernscrew dies, $ billions spent, space program derailed Enron collapsed in 2001 due to losses & mismanagement Worldcom collapsed in 2002 despite assets of 107 US Billion

Engineering Code of Ethics


Engineers shall uphold and advance the integrity, honor, and dignity of the engineering profession by: using their knowledge and skill for the enhancement of the human race; being honest and impartial and serving with fidelity the public, their employers, and clients; striving to increase the competence and prestige of the engineering profession.

Fundamental Cannons
Engineers shall
hold paramount the safety, health, and welfare of the public in the performance of their duties; perform service only in areas of their competence; issue public statements only in an objective and truthful way; act in professional matters for each employer or client as faithful agents or trustees, and shall avoid conflicts of interest;

Fundamental Cannons (Continued)

build their professional reputations on the merits of their services; act in such manner as to uphold and enhance the honor of the engineering profession; continue their professional development throughout their careers, and shall provide opportunities for the professional development of those engineers under their supervision.

Core Ethical Values


Integrity: good judgment, adherence to principles Honesty: truthfulness, fairness, sincerity Fidelity: to clients, to the public trust, to employer, to the profession Charity: kindness, caring, good will, tolerance, compassion/mercy, adherence to the Golden Rule Responsibility: reliability/dependability, accountability, trustworthiness Self-Discipline: acting with restraint, not indulging in excessive behavior

IEEE Code of Ethics


We, the members of the IEEE, in recognition of the importance of our
technologies in affecting the quality of life throughout the world, and in accepting a personal obligation to our profession, its members and the communities we serve, do hereby commit ourselves to the highest ethical and professional conduct and agree: 1. to accept responsibility in making engineering decisions consistent with the safety, health and welfare of the public, and to disclose promptly factors that might endanger the public or the environment; 2. to avoid real or perceived conflicts of interest whenever possible, and to disclose them to affected parties when they do exist; 3. to be honest and realistic in stating claims or estimates based on available data; 4. to reject bribery in all its forms;

IEEE Code of Ethics, contd


5. to improve the understanding of technology, its appropriate application, and potential consequences; 6. to maintain and improve our technical competence and to undertake technological tasks for others only if qualified by training or experience, or after full disclosure of pertinent limitations; 7. to seek, accept, and offer honest criticism of technical work, to acknowledge and correct errors, and to credit properly the contributions of others; 8. to treat fairly all persons regardless of such factors as race, religion, gender, disability, age, or national origin; 9. to avoid injuring others, their property, reputation, or employment by false or malicious action; 10. to assist colleagues and co-workers in their professional development and to support them in following this code of ethics. Approved by the IEEE Board of Directors August 1990

Real-World Ethical Problems


In theory, theres no difference between practice and theoryin practice, there is.
Charles R. Wright

Rarely is there clear right or wrong Often you are choosing between competing interests, both of which matter

Right

Issue

Wrong

Main Issues of ethics in industry

Shallow Religious Faith

System Tender

Main Issues
Low Remuneration

Designing a Solution
Define the problem Whats known? Whats ambiguous? Explore solutions Brainstormgo beyond the obvious Consider criteria Personal values, professional standards, laws Consider consequences Professional, personal, legal, moral

Using the Categorical Imperative to Judge an Action

Convert the action to a principle Can the principle be willed as a law of nature?
Yesaction is moral Noaction is immoral

Kants favorite examples


Suicide False promises Failing to develop ones abilities Refusing to be charitable

Ethics in academia

Plagiarism can be defined as


cheating or deception.
If you attempt to use another person's work as if it were your own, without adequate acknowledgement of the original source; and if this is done in work that you submit for a grade then you are attempting to deceive your lecturer, or anyone reading the paper. In other words, plagiarism is cheating and it is deceitful in that you are trying to claim the credit for something that is not your work.

Some Questions for You


Is it wrong to use and/or distribute pirated software? Why, or why not?
How about copyrighted material that is downloaded from a website? Does it matter whether or not you use UTM computer systems when doing so?

CONCLUSION

Strong tenets of religion is essential as a guideline to all who want to became a professional engineer.

Thank you