HVI High Volume Testing

HVI Measurement Principles:

• Overview of each measurement • Factors influencing test results • calibration • accuracy and precision

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USTER® HVI

Test Report

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USTER® HVI
Basic Measurements of cotton (bales): • Length, Uniformity • Strength • Color • Trash NEW on HVI SPECTRUM: • Maturity • Short Fiber Index
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Pulling a Length Staple

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Example:
1 inch = staple class 32 ⇒ 32:32 =1 = 1 1/16 = 1 1/2

1 1/16 inch = staple class 34 ⇒ 34:32 1 1/2 inch = staple class 48 ⇒ 48:32

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Relationship Between Classer’s Call and HVI Length Results
Inches unter 13/16 13/16 7/8 29/32 15/16 31/32 1 1 1/32 1 1/16 1 3/32 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1 1
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UHM [inches] < 0.79 0.80 0.86 0.90 0.93 0.96 0.99 1.02 1.05 1.08 1.11 1.14 1.18 1.21 1.24

UHM [mm] < 20.1 20.1 21.8 22.9 23.6 24.4 25.1 25.9 26.7 27.4 28.2 29.0 30.0 30.7 31.5 -

Code 24 26 28 29 30 31 32 33 34 35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44

-

0.85 0.89 0.92 0.95 0.98 1.01 1.04 1.07 1.10 1.13 1.17 1.20 1.23 1.26

21.6 22.6 23.4 24.1 24.9 25.8 26.4 27.2 27.9 28.7 29.7 30.5 31.2 32.0 32.8 33.5 34.3

1/8 5/32 3/16 7/32 1/4 9/32 5/16 11/32 3/8

1.27 - 1.29 1.30 - 1.32 1.33 - 1.35 > 1.38

32.3 33.0 33.8 > 35.0

HVI Length & Strength Measurement Principle
LED Comb Fiber Beard Breaker Jaws

Home Position

Breaker Jaws D1 = Length Standard D2 = Lens to Break

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Span Length Principle of Measurement

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Mean Length Principle of Measurement

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Upper Half Mean Length Principle of Measurement

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Comparison of Span and Mean Lengths

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Uniformity Ratio and Uniformity Index

Uniformity Ratio UR = 50% SL 2.5% SL

x 100

Uniformity Index UI = ML UHML

x 100

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Uniformity - Evaluation

Description very low low average high very high

Uniformity Ratio 50%SL / 2.5%SL 41 & lower 41 - 43 44 - 46 47 - 48 48 & higher

Uniformity Index ML / UHML 77 & lower 77 - 79 80 - 82 83 - 85 85 & higher

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USTER® HVI SPECTRUM

Features & Benefits: Accurate and precise Short Fiber Index -

 Detects high short fiber content bales quickly and accurately  Proven algorithm under evaluation by USDA  High correlation to AFIS Short Fiber Content
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USTER® HVI SPECTRUM
Staple Standards Evaluation Cottons Test - r = 0.98
Short Fiber Content/ Index [%] 16 14 12 10 8 6 31 32 32 34 35 36 37 38

AFIS

HVI

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Cotton Fiber Structure

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Bundle Fiber Strength Principle of Measurement

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Bundle Fiber Strength - Evaluation
Description very low low average high very high Pressley 0" MPSI (1000) lbs/in^2 70 – 78 77 – 83 84 – 90 91 – 97 98 – 104 Pressley 1/8" Stelometer 1/8" g/tex g/tex 21 & lower 17 & lower 21 – 23 17 – 19 24 – 26 20 – 22 27 – 29 23 – 25 30 & higher 26 & higher HVI 1/8"* g/tex 21 & lower 22 - 24 25 – 27 28 – 30 31 & higher

* Calibrated to HVI Cal. Cottons

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Micronaire Measurement Principle

1. Closing Valve 2. Pressure Regulating Valve 3. Air Measuring Device 4. Pressure Change Measuring Device 5. Measuring Chamber with Fibers

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Relationship Between Maturity and Micronaire
Fine and immature, very low Micronaire Fine and mature, low Micronaire Coarse and immature, low Micronaire Coarse and mature, high Micronaire

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Micronaire - Evaluation
smaller than = very fine 3.0 small perimeter and mature or medium perimeter and immature 3.1 to 3.6 = fine small to medium perimeter with different degrees of maturity = average medium perimeter with different degrees of maturity = coarse medium perimeter and mature or large perimeter and immature

3.7 to 4.7

4.8 to 5.9

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greater than = very coarse 6.0 large perimeter with different degrees of maturity

Low Micronaire & “fairly mature”

Medium Micronaire & “less mature”

Medium Micronaire & “fairly mature”

High Micronaire & “well mature”

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USTER® HVI SPECTRUM
Features & Benefits: Accurate and precise Maturity Index -

 Detects potential immature bales quickly and accurately  Advanced algorithm compares well to AFIS Maturity Ratio  No special sample preparation necessary
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USTER® HVI SPECTRUM
International Cotton Samples - r = 0.93
1.2

Maturity Ratio

1

0.8

0.6
1 6 11 16 21 26 31 36 41 46 51 56 61 66 71

AFIS
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HVI

HVI Color & Trash Measurement Principle

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Color Range of Cotton

Two-dimensional color range

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HVI Color

U.S. Upland color chart

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HVI Color

80-85% of U.S. cotton crop falls within this color range

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HVI Color

Typical color distribution of U.S. cotton crop

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HVI Color

Color chart for American Pima cottons

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U.S. Upland Cotton Standards

Grade descriptions

Color Grade White Good Middling Strict Middling Middling Strict Low Middling Low Middling Strict Good Ordinary Good Ordinary Light Spotted Good Middling Strict Middling Middling Strict Low Middling Low Middling Strict Good Ordinary Spotted Good Middling Strict Middling Middling Strict Low Middling Low Middling Strict Good Ordinary Tinged Strict Middling Middling Strict Low Middling Low Middling Yellow Stained Strict Middling Middling

Symbols GM SM Mid SLM LM SGO GO GM Lt Sp SM Lt Sp Mid Lt Sp SLM Lt Sp LM Lt Sp SGO Lt Sp GM Sp SM Sp Mid Sp SLM Sp LM Sp SGO Sp SM Tg Mid Tg SLM Tg LM Tg SM YS Mid YS

Code 11 21 31 41 51 61 71 12 22 32 42 52 62 13 23 33 43 53 63 24 34 44 54 25 35

Leaf Code 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 1 2 3 4 5 6 1 2 3 4 5 6 2 3 4 5 2 3

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Trash Measurement Principle
Video Image Analysis Results:

• % Area

(covered) Count

• (Particle)

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Relationship of Trash Measurement to Classer’s Leaf Grade*
Classer‘s Leaf Grade 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 Trash Measurement (% area) <= 0.08 <= 0.12 <= 0.18 <= 0.34 <= 0.55 <= 0.86 <= 1.56 > 1.56

* 1999 USDA crop data (4 year average)
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