1 What is matter? 3.CHAPTER 3: MATTER 3. gas) 3.3 Density 3.4 The use of the properties of Matter in everyday life . liquid.2 Three states of matter (solid.

1 What is Matter ? (pg: 2) 1.3. Matter is anything that has a) mass (jisim) b) occupies space (memenuhi ruang) 3. Everything on earth (dunia) is matter 2. Everything (living thing and non living) on earth has mass and occupies space .

electricity and heat (haba) are NOT matter . Particles are (pg: 8. Matter is made up of particles (zarah) 5.9) a) very small (sangat kecil) b) discrete (not join together) c) always moving (sentiasa bergerak) 7. Light (cahaya). Particles cannot be seen with naked eye 6.4. sound (bunyi) .

book. soil) LIQUID (water. insects) GAS (air. fruit) ANIMAL (human.MATTER LIVING THING NON LIVING THING SOLID (car. oil) PLANT (flower. steam) . tree.

14. 18) .HOMEWORK WORKBOOK (pg: 13. 16. 15. 17.

3.2 Three States of Matter MATTER SOLID (pepejal) LIQUID (cecair) GAS .

SOLID 1 Diagram LIQUID GAS 2 Arrangement of particles (susunan) 3 Movement of particles (pergerakan) Close together (sangat rapat) Slightly further apart (kurang rapat) vibrate Move (bergetar) freely at low speed Far apart (sangat jauh) Move freely at high speed in any direction .

SOLID LIQUID GAS 4 Density (ketumpatan) 5 Space between particles (ruang) 6 Shape (bentuk) High Moderate Low (tinggi) (sederhana) (rendah) Very small Small Very big Definite Follow the shape of (tetap) container (botol) .

SOLID LIQUID GAS 7 Volume (isipadu-jumlah ruang yang diambil) 8 Forces between particle (daya tarikan) Definite Occupy the container Very weak Very strong Not so strong .

2.Reminders 1. Do your correction . Mark your book with either RED PEN or PENCIL only.

Density = mass volume .3. The density of an object is the mass of an object in a unit volume 2.3 DENSITY (ketumpatan) (pg: 10) 1. Unit : a) b) g cm-3 or g/cm3 kg m-3 or kg/m3 3.





Different substances (bahan) have different densities Substance 1 2 3 4 5 Density (gcm-3) 0.25 0.0 air Cork (gabus) Cooking oil Wood (kayu) water 6 7 8 Iron (besi) mercury Gold (emas) 7.8 1.9 13.4.3 .0013 0.6 19.7 0.

A less dense substance floats in a denser liquid 7. Size of same substance does not change (mengubah) its density .5. A substance is able to float (terapung) or sink (tenggelam) in a liquid depending (bergantung) on its density 6. A denser substance sinks in a less dense liquid 8.

8 gcm-3 water 1.7 gcm-3 Wood 0.6 gcm-3 Gold 19.25 gcm-3 Cooking oil 0.9 gcm-3 Mercury 13.Cork 0.0 gcm-3 Iron 7.3 gcm-3 .

3. Density = mass volume 2.Problem Related Density 1. Mass Volume = = density x volume mass density .

HOMEWORK TEXTBOOK Exercise 3.3 (pg:14) .

3.4 The Use Of The Properties Of Matter In Everyday Life (A) The uses of different states of MATTER 1. bridges (jambatan) and furniture (perabot) . Construction using solids (pembinaan) Iron and wood are strong and hard use to construct buildings.

2.It is pumped into tyres of bicycles and cars 3.Air is easily compress (dimampat) . Inflating tyres .Compress gas occupies less space and so more gas can be stored in containers . Gas store in the liquid form .Examples : cooking gas tank. oxygen tank .Gas can be compressed .

Logs on a river (kayu balak) .(B) The uses of the concept of DENSITY 1. Mining (perlombongan) .logs are less dense than water .Tin ore (bijih timah) is denser than soil (tanah) .tin ore sink at the bottom of palung and the lighter soil on top is wash away .they are able to float on water 2.

Hot air balloon 4. submarine TEXTBOOK pg: 16 . Ship 5.3.

3 (pg:14) .HOMEWORK TEXTBOOK Exercise 3.

29.HOMEWORK WORKBOOK (pg: 27. 30. 31) . 28.