DRAFT NATIONAL PORT MASTERPLAN 2011 - 2030

Progress and Ideas –09 August 2011

DRAFT MOT MINISTER REGULATION ON A NATIONAL PORT MASTER PLAN (NPMP)
CONSIDERING THAT: a. Article 71, Shipping Law No. 17 the year of 2008 and Article 7, 8, and 9 of Government Regulation No 61, the year of 2009 regarding Ports provide that NPMP shall be formulated b. Based on Article 71 para (4) of the Shipping Law, NPMP shall be decided by the Minister c. Taking into consideration to the statements as described in a and b above, the NPMP is needed to be stipulated in Minister of Transport Regulation REFERRING TO: 1. Shipping Law No. 17 the year of 2008 2. Government Regulation No. 61 the year of 2009 regarding Ports 3. President Regulation No 47 the Year of 2009 regarding Establishment and Organization of State Ministers 4. Minister of Transport Regulation No KM 43 the Year of 2005 regarding Organization, and Working Arrangement of the Ministry of Transport as ammended with Minister of Transport Regulation No 20 the yaer of 2008 Has decided to stipulate: Minister of Transport Regulation regarding NMPM Article 1 NPMP containing National Port Policy and Port Location Plan and Port Hiearchy is an intergrated part of National Port System

Article 2 NPMP provides guidance for stipulating port location, construction, operation and development, and arrangement of a Port Master Plan The NPMP is developed with consideration of: National Spatial Plan, Provincial Spatial Plan, and Local Spatial Plan Potential for regional economic and socio economic development Potential for natural resource development Development of the strategic environment, either domestic or international
Article 3 The NPMP is stipulated for a period of 20 years and should be reviewed and updated every 5 years If there is a change in the strategic environment, the NPMP may be reviewed more than once every years Revision of the NPMP may be made based on the five years evaluation The contain of NPMP is elaborated as described in the Attachment Article 4 Director General of Sea Transport shall supervise and take further action needed to implement the NPMP Article 5 This Regulation shall take into effect as the date of enactment. To promulgate this law to the public, it is hereby ordered to announce the enactment of this Minister of Transport Regulation by placing it in the State Gazette of the Republic Indonesia

Stipulated in Jakarta on the dated of ...... 2011 Minister of Transport
Freddy Numberi

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LAMPIRAN : PERMENHUB NO ---- NOPEMBER 2011 PERATURAN MENTERI PERHUBUNGAN TENTANG: RENCANA INDUK PELABUHAN NASIONAL
Draft Outline Attachment: REGULATION OF MOT MINISTER ON A NATIONAL PORT MASTER PLAN

1. INTRODUCTION 1.1. Vision of National Port Master plan 1.2. Target 2030
2. PRESENT/CURRENT PORT CONDITIONS 2.1. Policy Framework 2.2. Port Traffic, Facilities and Operations

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(2) LAMPIRAN : PERMENHUB

3. NATIONAL PORT POLICY 4. FUTURE PORT DEVELOPMENT 4.1. Strategic Environment 4.2. Forecast of Indonesia Port Traffic

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(3) LAMPIRAN : PERMENHUB

5. PORT DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 5.1. National Port Development Implementation Plan 5.2. Collector and Feeder Port Implementation Plan 5.3. Human Resources and Institutional Development 5.4. Technology Development for Port Management and Operation 5.5. Port Development Investments
6. CLOSING STATEMENT

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2.1.CHAPTER 1 : INTRODUCTION 1. Vision of National Port Master plan 1. Target 2030 6 .

7 . inclusive connect more developed regions to lagging regions and achieve sustainable development and targeted economic and social development measures.Vision of NPMP The vision is to create a strong economic base that provides port planning and development. in particular as regards with connecting reinventing of port management in Indonesia including empowering port authorities competencies. clear direction and strengthen the main economic drivers and diversify into new sectors /main commodities.

This includes accommodation for 9.3 million TEU at Tanjung Perak. 4. 16 of Indonesia’s main container ports will need to provide additional capacity.4 million TEU at Tanjung Priok. 8 .9 million TEU at Makassar. . a national port system that will contribute to consistently reducing international and domestic transport costs” by: – Being able to accommodate the ships that will provide the lowest seafreight costs – Serving ships promptly and effectively without causing undue delay – Ensuring high levels of cargo handling productivity – Optimizing the cost of port service delivery” By 2030. 1.9 million TEU at Belawan/Kuala Tanjung and 0.Target 2030 The 2030 vision encompasses “. .

2 billion): Cruise. 2.470 Container. 3. 122 Coal.491 Petroleum.Target 2030 (2) • Total investment cost for Indonesia’s main ports (US$ 19. 11.517 • 70-75 % (private sector) and 25-30 % (public sector) 9 .

1. 2.2. Policy Framework Port Traffic. Facilities and Operations 10 .CHAPTER 2 : PRESENT/CURRENT PORT CONDITIONS 2.

Policy Framework • Shipping Law No. 25/2007 • Fairness of Competation Act. 26/2008 • Economic Zone of Industries (KEK) Act. 5/1999 • Regional Government Act. No. 32/2004 • National Development Planning (RPJM. No. No. 67/2005 and 13/2010 (PPP) • International Conventions related to port affair 11 . 39/2009 • Investment of Capital Act. No. 17/2008 and GR 61/2009 • Masterplan of acceleration and expansion of Indonesia economic development/ Indonesia economic corridor (MP3EI) • National Transportation System (SISTRANAS) • Blueprint of Intermoda/Multimoda Transport KM 15/2010 • Blueprint National Logistics System (Draft) • National Spatial Plan Act No. RPJP) • Presidential Regulation No.

743 303.658 Dry Bulk 123.222 Liquid Bulk 148.000 Loading Unloading Export Import General Cargo 55.000 100.000 400.644 176.000 Dry Bulk 1999 95.000 500.719 Liquid Bulk 19.771 123.699 Container Cargo 27.610 13.966 143.000 80.000 60.000 500.613 30.000 200.212 18.430 55. Ton) 180.628 Container 13.176 2009 560.000 300.000 200.954 12 .000 120.000 140.769 41.000 400.692 88.000 160.Indonesian Port Traffic by Trade Flow and Cargo Type (000’s tons) – 2009 (= 930 Mil.000 100.000 300.366 000's tons 600.342 30.000 20.133 9.072 000's tons 000's tons 600.000 100.000 40.675 19.000 1999 2009 General Cargo 70.430 14.675 94.

2009 (000’s tons) Legend: 60.500 Export Exp09 Imprt09 Import Unload09 Unloading Load09 Loading 13 .500 4.Indonesian Top 50 Ports for Total Traffic by Trade Flow.000 30.000 Pie Chart of indo_plab250plus 45.000 22.

000 30.000 40.000 20.000 General Cargo Gencar09 Container Container09 Dry Bulk Drybulk09 Liquid Bulk Liquidbulk09 14 .000 4. 2009 (000’s tons) Legend: Pie Chart of indo_plab250plu 60.Indonesian Top 50 Ports for Total Traffic by Cargo Type.

CHAPTER 3 : NATIONAL PORT POLICY 15 .

gateway for economic activities. fair competition in providing maritime transport services (including port services). promoting industry and trading activities.National Port Policy • Greater parcipitation of private sector. regional government autonomy. accountability of government institution governance. cargo consolidation centre. and greater concern for maritime safety and security and environmental preservation for the sake of national interest. promoting “wawasan nusantara” • Separation of regulator and operator functions (reflected by establishing of PA/PMU and Port Business Entity) • PA/PMU shall be landlord authority and shall be clearly reflected in the establishment of PA/PMU • PA shall have a certain degree of autonomy in organizing commercial port 16 . interfaces of multimodal transport. • As node of transportation network.

function. port basin.National Port Policy (2) • Increasing PSP under fair competition environment • PSP could be in term of PPP through concession agreement or other form of cooperation with PA/PMU • Restructure the status of Pelindo versus the role of PA landlord organisations and as regulators • Clear guidelines on the formulation of operational regulations by PA/PMU • The Ministry develops port policies related to: – Planning and development of basic infrastructure including port entrances. aid to navigation. type of management – Planning and development of port hinterland connection • Procedure of new port development (greenfield) and new public terminal shall be clearly formulated 17 . lighthouses. and breakwater – Planning and development of ports (location.

CHAPTER 4 : FUTURE PORT DEVELOPMENT 4.2. Strategic Environment Forecast of Indonesia Port Traffic 18 . 4.1.

maritime traffic by port pair. 2009 • Socio economic data (GRDP.Future Trend of Port Demand • Method Framework for Traffic Forecasting • Voyage data. population. etc. specific commodity trend) • Prediction of Future Port Demand by Commodity Type • Assigning National Port Demand to Specific Ports 19 .) & Port’s statistics • Growth of specific commodities demand and productions Data Modeling • Commodity Type (11 types) • Port-pair OD Matrix Development & Port Demand Identification • Modeling Port Demand by Commodity Type Int’l & Domestic Traffic (for national level) Prediction • Prediction of Future condition (MP3EI.

3 Million TEUs of Domestic Traffic (2. Modeling based on Other Countries & Indonesia GDP • Domestic Traffic.4 Million TEUs of International Traffic (6.000 20.000 10.000 30.000 40.000 5.000 45.000 35. by Indonesia GDP • High growth of container demand also resulted from containerization of general cargo • It is predicted that national container demand on 2030 might reach 29.000 2009 2010 2011 2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019 2020 2021 2022 2023 Domestic International 2024 2025 2026 2027 2028 2029 2030 Year 20 .Future Trend of Container Demand • International Traffic.000 15.000 25.7 Million TEUs on 2009) 000's TEUs 50.2 Million TEUs on 2009) and 18.

5 5.415 Average annual growth rate (%) General Cargo Container Dry Bulk Cement Coal Iron Ore Fertilizer Grain Other Dry Bulk Liquid Bulk Petroleum & Products CPO Other Liquid Bulk - Total 3.537 83.5 2020 Type of Trade Foreign Domestic 43.085 418.101 17.5 1.5 6.649 30.017 2.5 5.234 284.361 2015 Type of Trade Foreign Domestic 39.965 101.348 109.346 4.5 (2.686 57.053 28.686 9.537 282.0 4.2 5.714 7. 21 .467 46.323 653.000 312.5 5.954 91.2) 3.376 413.2 Total 187.6 6.8 0.114 47.858 216.934 2.757 250.5 2.770 136.852 144 279.366 15.144.827 727.946 Total 143.918 6.6 4.271 819 785.0 4.9) 5.879 110.294 157.000 16.867 1.7 6.340 3. as described in text.654 968.0 4.947 443.723 Petroleum & Products 91.020 438.1 4.537 2.6 4.3 2.4 2.652 10.101 1.952 213.0 148.537 14.5 5.355 37.0 4.562 178.5 2.471 34.0 2.0 11.0 4.680 960.042 118.0 5.7 1.003 176.4 2.0 8.050 8.000 23.626 342.0 6.110 CPO 22.291 749.3 2.512.700 279.925 203.303 10.911 3.0 2.531 5.066 3.7 3.906 28.124 39.175 74.213 106.374 4.252 903 95.0 4.167 63.574 642 609.5 3.422 26.805 944.0 5.699 88.245 294.8 5.224 25.303 13.0 4.0 3.623 35.840 61.5 4.8 3.0 4.633 14.Future Trend of Port Demand by Commodity Type 2009 Type of cargo General Cargo Container Dry Bulk Cement Coal Iron Ore Fertilizer Grain Other Dry Bulk Type of Trade Foreign Domestic 32.343 60.5 2.5 4.257 6.0 4.2 3.1 3.0 (1.316 17.586 2.5 1.5 6.323 4.5 (0.8 5.7 2.911 183.000 68.965 1.646 1.330 400 39.679 65.207 2.0 3.0 7.885 85.4 5.7 4.2 1.5 6.0 4.514 5.859 27.907 52.2 180.155 477.5 1.5 5.043 257.2 Total 224.040 5.894 328.731 48.318 8.349 91 30.469 230.6 8.0 3.495 60.224 2.210 643.603 48.3 Total 293.136 1.9 4.832 13.0 1.411 522.0 4.625 482.514 14.0 4.5 27.1 Source: Prepared by Nathan Associates Inc.932 7.519 671.436 14.8 3.5 3.7 2030 Type of Trade Foreign Domestic 50.748 100.223 247.5 3.1 5.072 91.349 385 38.676 97.584 150.0 9.271 310.000 48.151 81.213 1.655 272.775 172.562 65.175 Total 543.5 4.264 200.639 73.700 610 64.672 20.4 4.2) 4.3 4.665 2.0 4.0 15.5 Liquid Bulk 136.5 4.0 4.135 21.7 3.0 6.6 3.5 6.0 1.5 4.742 35.0 8.536 3.5 2.1 4.828 6.653 144.353 144.718 501 51.923 23.8 89.199.0 20.222 560.0 3.759 119.0 5.0 (2.700 315.204 214.262.2) 5.446 675.6 11.438 Other Liquid Bulk 23.107 4.9 4.681 55.557 106.485 479 424.224 37.162 3.069 29.6 4.5 5.0 3.5 4.941 139.5 2.6 242.643 29.

000 General Cargo Container Cement Coal Iron Ore Fertilizer Grain Other Dry Bulk Petrolium & Product CPO Other Liquid Bulk 22 .Future Trend of Port Demand • by Economic Corridor Development Area.000 10. Forecasting Year 2030 (tons).000 50.000 Pie Chart of indo_eccorrcent 100.000 250. Base Case Legend: 500.

Future Trend of Port Demand • Assignment to specific port.000.000 2009 Cntnr09 2015 Cntnr15 2020 Cntnr20 2030 Cntnr30 23 .000 2.000 Bar Chart of indo_plabcont09 1. container in TEUs 5.500.

• Additional bulk port capacity will be needed in some locations and may be undertaken by private sector.Future Trend Implications of Indonesia Port Traffic Forecast: • By 2020 Indonesia container traffic will be more than double 2009 volumes and will double again by 2030. 24 . • Slower growth of dry and liquid bulk traffic means that total cargo tonnage will only increase by 50 percent by 2020 and another 50 percent by 2030. • New and expanded container terminals are urgently required in many locations.

10 11 12 • Identify potential for private sector investment and requirements for public investment 25 .1 • Collect and analyze information on existing and planned port facilities including meters of berth and depth • Separate facility data into specialized container facilities. assume construction of new berth(s) with a minimum length of 200m and associated yard and equipment 7 8 9 • Calculate unit costs for new container berth and associated yard and equipment based on differentiated cost assumptions analysis for individual ports • Calculate investment requirements for additional container capacity for new construction and for conversion of conventional berths to container use • Identify specific year that additional capacity needs to come on -line. conventional berths used for containers and general cargo berths 2 • Method Framework for Investment Requirement • Review overall container and general cargo productivity factors by type and size of facility 3 • Estimate existing container and general cargo capacity and compare with existing throughput (calculate capacity utilization) 4 • Identify potential for productivity improvements over time due to improved operations and more and higher capacity cranes and another cargo handling equipment 5 • Recalculate capacity utilization based on assumed productivity increases 6 • If additional capacity needed for container demand and excess capacity exists for general cargo. convert additional conventional berths to container • If still additional capacity is needed to accommodate forecasted container demand.

National Port Development Implementation Plan Collector and Feeder Port Implementation Plan Human Resources (Implementation Strategy for Continuous and Sustainable Training Program on Port Sector) and Institutional Development Technology Development for Port Management and Operation Port Development Investments (Investment Plan Direction) 5. 5.1. 5. 26 .2. 5.4.5.3.CHAPTER 5 : PORT DEVELOPMENT IMPLEMENTATION PLAN 5.

Port Development Stage in the Long Term 27 . Port Development Stage in the Short Term b. Port Development Stage in the Middle Term c.National Port Development Implementation Plan • Port Location and Development Needs in 2030 • Prioritized Actions for Connectivity and Port Infrastructure Development to Support the Program of Indonesia Indonesia Economic Corridor 2030 a.

DGST) • Funding capital repair and improvement by central government • Long term liabilities (maintenance including dredging) 28 . Local Government.Collector and Feeder Port Development Implementation Plan The Divestiture Policy Implementation: • Port management capacity building (PMU.

Collector and Feeder Port Strategy Implementation • Careful clustering of ports mixing attractive ports with some less attractive ports • Provision of additional subsidy to make the ports more attractive • A process to deregister and abandon unnecessary ports 29 .

17/2008 Art 165:3 of the GR No 61/2009 MOT Regulation No. Km 63/2011 MOT’s Letter No.Institutional Development Art 344 (3) of the Shipping Law No. HK 003/1/11/Phb 2011 Dated 06/5/2011 to PELINDOS Legal Status as provided in Shipping Law Future org. struct Role and duties Legal Status How the PA should be established Organization and working procedure Internasional best practices Working area coverage ESTABLISHMENT OF PA 30 .

International Best Practices for Port Authority Organisation PA is characterized by creating automous PA which should be: • Financially independent • Have their own personnel scheme • Have a management that is responsible for and held accountable performance by board 31 .

Legal Status of PA (as Provided in the Shipping Law) • Full Government Agency (Line agency operating port) • Its responsibilities directly goes to the Transport Minister • Its personnels are civil servant (PNS) • Its income serves as state income • Its Organization structure based on MENPAN Regulation PA/PMU as a landlord authority shall be clearly reflected in the establishment of PA/PMU 32 .

PA’s Role and Duties as Landlord Authority and Regulator Granting concession or other Master Planning Right to manage port land and water area (Art. 85) Providing land and water area Ensuring safety. security and environ mental preservation Regulating & supervising port land utilization Providing and maitaining basic infra structure 33 .

Field Offices. Finance/Asst Mngmt. Port Infmt Services) Property Mngm. Ops Management. Lease Agreement/Licences. Safety/ Security: Corporate Commnunication Planning (Master Plan ning. Engineering.Organisation Structure (Short-Term –MENPAN Guidance) Executive Director Corporate Services Customer Services Planning and Port Development Accounting. Environ mental Management 34 . Legal/Risk Mngt. Informt Servics (MLS. Payroll. Personnel. Purchasing. Strategic Planning) Marketing and Sales.

Future Organisation Structure (with BLU Status) Board of Directotrs Executive Director Corporate Services Customer Services Marketig and Promotion Master Planning and Develop ment 35 .

Technology Development for Port Management and Operation • Adopting International best practices: – Providing modern infrastructure – Highly efficient services level (one stop total services. EDI. CITOS. distribution and logistics consolidation center). PORTNET. etc. VTIS. – Technology Information Communication (TIC). including NSW. 36 . CIMOS.

regional ports centred around Pontianak (illustration) 37 .West Kalimantan – No Strategic Ports.

517 177 697 349 300 2.886 1. Priok 731 610 2.NT West Kalimantan Benoa Pontianak 100 The East South Sumatera Bitung 131 Palembang 154 Jayapura 81 Panjang 80 Merauke Jambi 80 Ambon 88 East-South Kalimantan Pantoloan Sorong Balikpapan 166 .441 300 3.487 .441 100 131 154 81 80 80 88 81 166 201 11.81 Samarinda 100 100 Total above ports 1.574 8. Perak 2015 218 12 100 56 2020 218 109 166 2030 655 109 100 154 80 80 100 120 Total 1.Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam 218 12 - 218 109 - 655 109 100 154 80 80 100 120 1.092 121 109 100 154 80 80 166 201 177 Total 300 1.267 109 Port Development Investments South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin Region and port North Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam West Kalimantan Pontianak South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi East-South Kalimantan Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg. Perak 697 349 2. 20152030 (US$ millions) East-South Kalimantan 100 56 166 - South Sulawesi Region and port 2015 2020 2030 Makassar 300 North Sumatera Java Belawan/Kuala Tanjung 218 218 655 Tg. South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg.487 300 38 3.092 121 109 100 154 80 80 166 201 177 West Kalimantan Pontianak Container Port Investments for Main Indonesia Container Ports.926 Batam 109 Bali.487 802 121 4.441 Teluk Bayur Tg.092 3. Emas 70 122 610 Pekanbaru 12 109 Tg. as described in text.057 Banjarmasin 56 120 Source: Nathan Associates Inc. Perak 697 349 300 2.

092 242 302 121 109 251 53 222 46 54 100 98 1. Pemuju) Tlk Air South Sumatera Palembang and Environs Panjang Jambi Bengkulu Tlk Semangka Bangka/Belitung 1.106 1.092 121 109 100 154 80 80 124 257 134 37 222 54 60 173 22 15 38 118 45 1.433 102 80 29 137 663 Container CPO Petroleum Coal Cruise Total 117 16 46 14 137 663 39 .Port Development Investments (2) Investment Requirements for Indonesia Main Ports by Cargo Type. 2011-2030 (US$ million) Port North and West Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Dumai Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam Pembuangan Sibolga Aceh Bintan Teluk Tapang West Kalimantam Pontianak (S.

38 221 81 184 797 14 137 663 578 807 . 2011-2030 (US$ 15 14 million) 29 CPO 48 30 124 412 257 36 134 -37 7 222 54 8 .106 Indonesia 22 102 Main Ports by 80 Cargo Type. Pemuju) 100 Pelabuhan Ratu Tlk Air Balongan/Cirebon South Sumatera Cilacap Palembang and Environs 154 Jepara (Tg Jati) Panjang 13 Other Locations -80 Jambi 80 Bali-NT Bengkulu Tanah Ampo .Tlk Semangka Bangka/Belitung The East 137 663 Petroleum Coal 39 118 199 45 66 117 54 16 7 46 Cruise 122 - 137 663 Total 831 1.- South Sumatera Palembang and Environs 154 Panjang 80 Jambi 80 Bengkulu Tlk Semangka Bangka/Belitung Port Container East-South Kalimantan North and West Sumatera Balikpapan & Environs 166 Belawan/Kuala Tanjung 1.595 302 121 109 402 251 54 53 14 222 46 54 4. Pemuju) Tlk Air 100 - 134 37 222 54 60 117 16 46 - - 251 53 222 46 54 100 98 Port Development Investments (3) 38 173 1.092 231 242 1.647 100 98 221 81 1.092 Samarinda 201 Dumai Banjarmasin 177 Teluk Bayur Sangkulirang Pekanbaru 121 South Batam -Central Sulawesi 109 Makassar 300 Pembuangan Pare-Pare Sibolga Luwuk Aceh and Environs Bintan Java Teluk Tapang Tanjung Priok & Environs 4.433 184 102 797 80 29 122 137 663 377 152 .267 Tanjung Perak & Environs 3.1.487 West Kalimantam Tanjung Emas 802 Pontianak (S.-60 173 -22 15 .Pembuangan Sibolga Aceh Bintan Teluk Tapang West Kalimantam Pontianak (S.433 Investment Requirements for1..106 - 40 .644 3.

2.491 Teluk Tapang 54 West Kalimantam Pontianak (S.433 102 80 29 14 1.470 100 154 80 80 - 60 173 22 15 38 - Container. 3.487 802 - 7 8 - 54 7 377 152 221 81 184 797 - - 54 14 4. Aceh 222 Cruise.267 3. 2011-2030 (US$ million) Container CPO 221 81 184 797 Petroleum Coal 2.249 53 222 46 54 The East North and West Sumatera Bitung 131 Belawan/Kuala Tanjung 1. 11.649 3.092 96 242 26 302 119 121 98 109 20 251 19.517 1. Pemuju) Tlk Air South Sumatera Palembang and Environs Panjang Jambi Bengkulu Petroleum.106 - - 41 .517 100 98 1.491 - 122 Cruise 122 - 122 Total 131 1. 122 Bintan 46 Coal.470 Sibolga 37 16 Source: Nathan Associates Inc.644 3.647 Port Development Investments (4) Investment Requirements for Indonesia Main Ports by Cargo Type.092 Jayapura 81 15 Dumai 124 118 Merauke 26 Teluk Bayur 257 45 Ambon 88 31 Pekanbaru 121 Sorong 81 17 Batam 109 Halmahera (Ujung Pulau) 10 10 Pembuangan 134 117 Total 11.Pare-Pare Luwuk and Environs Java Tanjung Priok & Environs Tanjung Perak & Environs Tanjung Emas Pelabuhan Ratu Balongan/Cirebon Cilacap Jepara (Tg Jati) 13 Other Locations Bali-NT Tanah Port Ampo 4. as described in text.

249 Source: Nathan Associates Inc.950 2. 2011-2030 (US$ millions of 2010) Type of Facility Estimated Share Likely Funded by Capital Private Requirements Sector Gov't 75% 85% 85% 85% 50% 25% 15% 20% 20% 50% Amount Required from Private Sector Gov't 8.470 Coal 2. 42 .517 CPO 1.879 247 694 498 61 4.402 2.380 Container 11.638 1.168 2.649 Petroleum 3.117 61 15.491 Cruise 122 Total 19.Indicative Funding Requirements by Private and Public Sector for Development of Port Facilities.

TERIMA KASIH 43 .

9 64.2 2009 888.8 29.7 1.4 10.465 Source: Nathan Associates Inc.057.102 Total above ports 25.2 122.2 3.5 81.8 880.0 25.677.9 993. Emas Tg.3 287.5 99.4 1.3 1.0 442.6 27.1 121.4 1.4 9.124.5 44.6 21.0 301.1 2030 4.469.7 13.239.3 130.2 63.0 93.4 42.2 3.3 835.9 528.922.1 919.9 47.211.9 358.0 8.4 16.1 83.8 150.4 157.0 1.4 5.8 307.288.9 468.551.7 396. Priok Bali.4 227.114.097.330.1 1.1 29.2 62.Main container ports forecasted traffic Region and port North Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam West Kalimantan Pontianak South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi East-South Kalimantan Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg.591.2 99.686.0 206.261.0 497.8 82.5 18.699 892.445.3 131.8 5.3 143.8 22.3 1.8 300.671.3 575.9 691.5 74.9 1.703.736.1 15.9 17.1 15.8 2.0 1.7 194.9 6.6 219.9 1.9 31.7 639.303.247 456.678.424.1 95.0 11.411.7 1.334.062.7 213.7 401.166.185.7 386.128.011 1.0 62.4 118.8 4.2 590.3 82.444.633.1 73.639.6 11.7 1.4 229.6 638.2 344.0 809.2 461.2 17.363.4 140.379.651.3 2.523.818.8 39.3 651.2 3.7 173.0 1.7 4.7 183.1 277.610 33.NT Benoa The East Bitung Jayapura Merauke Ambon Pantoloan Sorong 2009 4.0 338.9 1.2 111.2 1.6 42.0 10.3 1.0 Container (000 TEU) 2015 2020 1.891.8 296.7 3.5 1.305.7 627. 44 .8 289.2 1.4 19.1 1.7 703.626.0 13.8 20.594.2 479.744.3 303. Perak Tg.4 10.867.4 1.9 319.440.1 3. as described in text.4 GenCar (000 tons) 2015 2020 5.4 22.5 54.6 6.208.0 205.9 9.886.7 62.4 335.7 32.0 3.370 2.9 7.7 2.0 203.6 1.087.013.1 5.763.441.7 100.7 996.918.8 10.1 760.6 14.043.8 8.0 1.0 564.8 924.1 1.0 118.0 537.1 604.3 54.3 417.929 2.0 122.8 6.4 180.2 1.436.7 182.0 7.1 104.810.9 230.309.5 185.4 52.2 3.2 514.8 338.9 2030 8.8 927.737.0 38.

000 1.833 2017 Post Panamax II 350 16 4 8.500 450.000 1. 2009-2025 Berth Depth Berths Design Berth Berth-m Length Alongside per Ship Capacity Capacity Year Type of Berth (m) (m) Terminal (TEU) (TEU/ Berth) (TEU/m) 2009 Multipurpose 150 10-11 2 1.000 2.000 2025 Post Panamax III 400 16-18 4 12.000 350.667 2014 Post Panamax I 300 15 4 5.Container Terminal Berth Capacity Indicators.700 550.768 2014 Post Panamax I 300 15 3 5.607 2012 Panamax 280 14 4 4.000 1.000 100.000 700.700 500.000 667 2009 Sub Panamax 250 12 3 3.000 1.500 Source: Nathan Associates Inc.000 2.400 2012 Panamax 280 14 3 4. 45 .000.000 1.500 495.000 1.

520 2.520 5.146 1.520 2. Capacity Tons/ Capacity Capacity TEU Berth m (000 tons) Utiliz.520 2.520 2.520 2.896 27 190 56 66 37 20 55 72% 132% 103% 130% 42% 64% 98% 30% 80% 34% 78% 735 7.520 2.341 883 1.520 2. Priok Bali.520 2.444 497 82% 27% 95% 59% 3% 46% 26% 34% 19% 1% 84% 828 35 1.776 3.520 2.520 1.991 324 384 2.520 2.520 2. % General Cargo Additional Conventional Cont. 2015 Region and port Container TPK Conventional Total Cont.520 2.583 1.105 188 342 225 827 203 242 217 428 88 98 234 156 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 157 141 278 57 64 152 102 1.520 2.105 2. Perak Tg.Capacity Analysis for Main Indonesian Container Ports.520 2.281 384 5.165 800 192 1.376 190 - 210 235 687 800 41 86 102 58 30 85 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 650 137 152 446 520 27 56 66 37 20 55 1.520 2.493 2.729 519 2. % (000s) (m) North Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam West Kalimantan Pontianak South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi East-South Kalimantan Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg.242 2.431 644 5.347 969 14.520 2.262 188 141 278 342 225 827 57 64 152 304 138% 44% 101% 73% 57% 54% 71% 110% 117% 122% 76% 2.181 97% 57% 82% 70% 42% 32% 74% 21% 98% 47% 90% 475 2 6 11 34 - 400 36 200 156 405 266 848 240 850 1.238 1.308 225 - 1300 1300 1300 1625 845 845 845 845 845 845 845 845 1.NT Benoa The East Bitung Jayapura Merauke Ambon Pantoloan Sorong 850 222 - 1300 845 845 845 845 845 975 845 845 845 845 845 1. 46 .197 1.520 2.771 1. Length TEU/ m Capacity Length TEU/ Capacity Total Capacity Capacity Length (000 teu) m (000 teu) (000 teu) Utiliz.845 206 1.520 2.200 2.985 Total above ports Source: Nathan Associates Inc.180 838 145 1.870 495 3.520 2.520 2.318 1.852 18.090 5.714 422 475 532 350 491 703 469 2.063 1. as described in text.520 2.112 365 4.187 128 152 851 573 197 2.520 2. Emas Tg.

056 1. Perak Tg.807 33 238 70 83 47 24 69 86% 112% 123% 117% 50% 77% 117% 36% 95% 40% 93% 735 7.552 4.528 7.056 1. Priok Bali.528 3.339 804 9.676 1. Emas Tg.056 2.956 511 6.508 225 - 1.056 1.528 3.528 3. TPK Conventional Total Cont.634 12 2.004 2.046 1.000 2.528 3.625 1.528 3.056 1.236 1.056 1.670 495 4.250 222 405 266 848 200 240 1.972 400 200 1.529 1.845 206 1.528 3.528 3.528 3.Capacity Analysis for Main Indonesian Container Ports.528 3.528 3.056 1.378 71 79 402 380 116% 52% 121% 87% 68% 64% 64% 131% 140% 69% 90% 2.528 3.056 1.528 2.654 82% 49% 70% 59% 35% 28% 63% 18% 83% 40% 76% 363 37 22 32 400 200 200 - North Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam West Kalimantan Pontianak South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi East-South Kalimantan Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg.031 234 428 281 1.180 838 145 1.528 3.056 1.690 2.056 1. % (000 tons) Utiliz.378 211 254 242 217 428 88 98 234 156 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 197 176 348 71 79 190 127 2.381 4.714 422 475 532 350 491 703 469 3.281 384 5.625 1. 2020 Region and port Container General Cargo Additional Cont.621 727 4.528 3.056 1.188 453 538 3.877 1. as described in text.625 1.686 1.528 3.NT Benoa The East Bitung Jayapura Merauke Ambon Pantoloan Sorong 850 2.528 3.625 2.157 238 - 210 235 687 800 41 86 102 58 30 85 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 171 191 558 650 33 70 83 47 24 69 1.056 1.733 2.031 1.356 20.528 3.528 3. Conventional Capacity Length TEU/ m Capacity Length TEU/ m Capacity Total Capacity Length Tons/ m Capacity Capacity TEU Berth (000 teu) (000 teu) Capacity Utiliz.625 1.056 1. % (000s) (m) (000 teu) 1.056 1.362 9. 47 .528 3.528 3.187 128 152 851 573 197 3.528 3.056 1.528 3.593 25.056 1.228 234 176 348 428 281 1.528 3.021 696 70% 23% 81% 51% 2% 39% 22% 29% 16% 1% 71% 558 315 1.489 1.056 1.056 1.479 1.400 Total above ports Source: Nathan Associates Inc.

471 2.625 1.939 4.838 33 238 70 83 47 24 69 159% 182% 185% 179% 93% 143% 216% 66% 176% 75% 173% 735 7.870 1.346 2.219 1.939 4.056 1.932 216 44 55 256 102 81 219 1.625 1.185 600 2.200 200 200 200 200 200 200 200 850 3.628 1.056 1. Emas Tg.NT Benoa The East Bitung Jayapura Merauke Ambon Pantoloan Sorong 1.939 3.650 222 200 405 266 848 200 200 240 1.899 28.426 3. 2030 Region and port Container TPK Conventional Length TEU/ m Capacity Length TEU/ m Capacity (000 teu) (000 teu) General Cargo Total Cont.508 225 - 1.056 1. Conventional Total Capacity Length Tons/ m Capacity Capacity Capacity Utiliz.056 1.939 4. as described in text.625 1.939 4.939 4.056 1.219 1.939 4.625 2.084 2.625 1.187 128 152 851 573 197 4.766 4.056 1.219 1.265 1. Priok Bali.939 4. 48 .180 838 145 1.939 4.939 4. Capacity TEU Berth (000s) (m) North Sumatera Belawan/Kuala Tanjung Teluk Bayur Pekanbaru Batam West Kalimantan Pontianak South Sumatera Palembang Panjang Jambi East-South Kalimantan Balikpapan Samarinda Banjarmasin South Sulawesi Makassar Java Tg.731 2.939 4.939 4.070 695 5.829 975 66% 21% 76% 47% 2% 36% 21% 27% 15% 1% 67% 918 4. % (000 tons) Utiliz.056 1.714 422 475 532 350 491 703 469 4.989 1.378 71 291 434 419 167% 97% 94% 162% 109% 119% 119% 243% 71% 119% 152% 2.845 206 1.687 11.939 4.056 1.464 2.552 5.129 11.630 35.800 1.939 4.681 234 244 494 281 1.378 211 244 293 242 217 428 88 98 234 156 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 197 176 348 71 79 190 127 1.381 4.281 384 5.939 10.939 4. % (000 teu) 2.960 1. Perak Tg.939 4.939 4.939 4.056 1.031 1.878 234 420 348 494 281 1.427 9.402 101 81 36 50 19.863 634 753 4.179 1.139 715 8.017 5.219 1.056 1.939 4.939 4.205 2.056 1.315 77% 46% 66% 56% 33% 26% 59% 17% 78% 38% 71% Additional Cont.Capacity Analysis for Main Indonesian Container Ports.000 4.188 238 - 210 235 687 800 41 86 102 58 30 85 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 813 171 191 558 650 33 70 83 47 24 69 1.056 1.600 Total above ports Source: Nathan Associates Inc.800 200 200 200 200 12.939 4.219 2.056 1.939 4.939 4.

regional ports centred around Pontianak 49 .West Kalimantan – No Strategic Ports.

South Sumatra – no Strategic Ports. regional ports centred around Panjang and Palembang 50 .

East and South Kalimantan – Strategic Ports: Balikpapan. Samarinda and Banjarmasin 51 .

South Sulawesi – Ports & Terminals centred around Makassar. no Strategic Ports 52 .

Java. South Sumatra – Strategic Ports Regions Jakarta (Tanjung Priok) and Surabaya (Tanjung Perak) 53 .

Bali. Lombok. Nusa Tenggara and to the south and east – No strategic ports 54 .

Ambon and Sorong 55 .The East – Strategic Ports: Bitung.

The East – Strategic Ports: Bitung. Ambon and 56 .

625 1.000 TEU Other ports under 300. as described in text.031 1.250 1. 2009-2030 Type of cargo and terminal Containers (TEU/ m of berth) Specialized Terminal Tanjung Priok Other ports over 750.800 2. 57 .939 General cargo (tons/ m of berth) 1.Assumed Indonesian Port Productivity Factors by Type of Facility.219 1.000 750 650 500 1.056 813 4.520 Source: Nathan Associates Inc.219 1.625 1.625 1.031 1.300 975 845 650 2.528 2.000 TEU Other ports 300.056 813 3.000-750.000 TEU Conventional Terminal 2009 2015 2020 2030 1.

Assumed Indonesian Port Productivity Factors by Type of Facility. 2009-2030 (2) Incorporated improvements in the productivity factors to reflect: – projected increases in traffic volumes – increased vessel sizes – provision of higher capacity cranes and more overall cargohandling equipment – improved training and performance of operators 58 .

Assumed Indonesian Port Productivity Factors by Type of Facility. This is due to factors cited above. – General cargo : 40 % (2009 through 2030. • Cargo at a specialized container terminal has an assumed productivity in 2030 of over 20 thousand tons per meter of berth. • The handling of containerized cargo at conventional terminals of 8. plus the greater use of unitized or palletized cargo handling in place of individual bags for break-bulk cargo. 2009-2030 (3) Productivity is assumed to improve : – Container :30 % ( 2009 .1 thousand tons per meter of berth (assuming an average of 10 tons per TEU). • The rate of general cargo handling per meter of berth is only 4.2020.9 thousand tons in 2030. 59 .2015) . 25 % 2015 .