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HP BYPASS SYSTEM

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Presentation outline
Introduction to HPBypass Components of HPBypass System

System Details

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Introduction
To improve flexible operation Dumping of excess steam to

Bypass steam from boiler when turbine is not in service. To quickly match steam parameters with that of turbine metal. To protect reheat tubes Minimize water loss(Sh vent to be open
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H.P. BYPASS SYSTEM


H.P. Bypass system bypassed steam from MS line to CRH line bypassing HPT. Function of HP Bypass:1. Raising boiler parameter during start up. 2. To warm up steam pipe lines. 3. To match live steam pressure & temp before entering into turbine. 4. Quick 5. start up of turbine. 6. Bypasses the steam to HPT & during sudden unloading of machine, tripping of machine. 7. Avoid starvation of boiler. 8. Reduce losses of steam to atmosphere.

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Working of By pass system (Explain Fig) Maintains pressure before Turbine i/L 2 BP1,BP2 Upstream ,Down stream CRH Dump excess steam to cold RH

Over view of HP bypass system

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System details and lay out


Capacity to bypass 70% HP steam at rated flow HP ,BPE (spray ) are hydraulic actuator Pressurized oil is supplied from separate oil Unit Fast opening ( Bulk load ,generator Trip, Turbine trip ) During normal operation (sliding pressure set point)

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Interlocks Opening Generator circuit breaker open. Turbine trip out. Manual command for fast opening.
Protection Condenser vacuum too low. Temp. to high at down stream of H.P. Bypass.

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Oil supply unit

HP BYPASS SYSTEM and Components

Two oil pumps. Two tanks. Signal alarm PRESSURE TO HIGH or PRESSURE TO LOW if pressure is not in order. 02 nos. of pressure control valves 02 nos. temperature control valves 01 no. of spray water pressure control valve 01 no. of spray water pressure isolating valve
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Hp bypass control
Hydraulically operated Steam pressure control Down steam temperature control Spray water pressure control. On -off control

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C&I componenets
Oil supply units Servo valves Blocking units Trip close/trip open units Filters Regulators.

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Sulzer av5 control system


Hydraulic system pressure control Pressure controls Temperature control Valve positioning control Annunciations Power supplies

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Interlocks of hp bypass
Spray water pressure auto switching Auto opening of spray isolation valve Trip closing of bypass valves Trip opening of bypass valves.

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Stage-2 systems
Hp bypass system 02 nos of control valves 02 nos of temperature control valves 01 no. of spray water isolation valve Trip closes on -down steam temperature very high -vacuum is low

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THANK YOU

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