Aerospike nozzle | Rocket Engine | Rocket

GROUP MEMBERS: 1. AKHIL C AJANTH 2. FAISAL M M 3. Manikandan . JANE JOSEPH GUIDED BY: Mr.

.ABSTRACT • Aerospike nozzle is an advanced nozzle design of liquid rockets in which a truncated spike is used. • Regenerative cooling is adopted in the nozzle to optimize the fuel consumption and cooling technique. which demonstrate altitude adaptation up to their geometrical area ratio. • This project focuses on cooling technique which eliminates gas generator in truncated aero spike nozzle by creating secondary flow using heated fuel after active cooling.

• The design of coolant passages in regenerative cooled thrust chambers is critical to the operation and safety of a rocket engine system. thrust vectoring capability and reduced circulation effect • Regenerative cooling refers to the use of the liquid fuel or oxidizer itself to provide the cooling. .INTRODUCTION • Aerospike nozzles offers high altitude compensation.

a gas generator is used to eliminate turbulence.EXISTING TECHNOLOGY • Cooling is presently done using nitrous oxide(N2O) • For a truncated aerospike nozzle. .

OBJECTIVES • To implement regenerative cooling on aerospike nozzle • To perform 3-d thermal analysis on the nozzle to optimize the cooling technique .

• Daniel Joseph Grieb on February 2012 submitted A Thesis to the Faculty of California Polytechnic State University. CA 93407. San Luis Obispo named “Design and Analysis of a Reusable N2O-Cooled Aerospike Nozzle for Lab scale Hybrid Rocket Motor Testing”.The paper presents the result of a recent development project focused on reducing throat ablation in hybrid rocket motor nozzles.LITERATURE • Patrick Lemieux of California Polytechnic State SURVEY University. United States has done a paper on “Nitrous oxide cooling in hybrid rocket nozzles “. . San Luis Obispo.

Long Beach (CSULB) and Garvey Spacecraft Corporation successfully conducted a flight test of a liquid-propellant powered aerospike engine in the Mojave Desert on September 20. . Kulhanek Submitted to the graduate degree program in Aerospace Engineering and the Graduate Faculty of the University of Kansas named “ Design.Sarah L. 2003. and Simulation of Rocket Propulsion System”. Analysis. A milestone was achieved when a joint academic/industry team from California State University.

NOZZLE DIMENSIONS .

3m Reference : http://aerorocket.059m 71.30% 7.NOZZLE DATA Thrust exit area ratio (Aei/At) Aerospike expansion ratio(Ae/At) 3.7m 26.com/MOC/MOC.241m 64.html .5 58 Radius of lip of cowl Truncation as percentage of total aerospike length Distance of throat to end of thruster Distance from end of thruster to end of ramp Aerospike length from origin (L nozzle) 54.

Hydrogen 5.5 857 Cycle Gas Generator . sec Propellants Mixture Ratio (O/H) Chamber Pressure.230 436.SPECIFICATIONS (XRS-2200) XRS-2200 Engine Thrust. psi 5K ft 204. lbf Specific Impulse.420 339 Vacuum 266.5 Oxygen.

• maximizing the life and durability of rocket components. REGENERATIVE COOLING IN AEROSPIKE NOZZLE • Designing a coolant passage is a complex thermal and hydraulic problem . • focus on using the fuel to cool engine components • design of coolant passages in regeneratively cooled thrust chambers is critical to the operation and safety of a rocket engine system.

• Efficient cooling is obtained • the fuel when subjected to high temperature. • Additional thrust is obtained since the fuel used as coolant is finally expanded to add up thrust • Gas generator can be eliminated . it vapourises and this gas can be used to avoid turbulence in truncated nozzle.ADVANTAGES • Extra coolant can be avoided.

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CURRENT STATUS •Detailed study of aerospike nozzle is done •Study of regenerative cooling in aerospike nozzle is carried out •Dimensions of aerospike nozzle is obtained .

PLAN FOR PHASE TWO Determining an optimum geometry for the hot side flow path upstream of the throat. analyze if there is any best suited shape that could minimize the amount of cooling capacity that the aerospike would require .

This model is used to predict heat transfer coefficients on the surface of aerospike  Survey the normal heat loads on the tested aerospike nozzle.• to perform 3D thermal analysis on regenerative cooled aerospike nozzle which includes:  modeling the flow of hot gases using FLUENT .  Determining heat load is important because it can be used to calculate amount of coolant mass flow required to maintain the desired temperature over the surface of aerospike Design and Analysis of coolant process path(calculate exact process path of fuel)and to suggest the best one. .

.  Cooling is presently done using nitrous oxide (N2O)  new concept for eliminating the gas generator in a truncated aero spike nozzle by using fuel as a coolant is suggested.CONCLUSION  Details of aerospike nozzle and its historical background have been collected  different cooling methods existing in aerospike nozzle are studied.

To be continued… .

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