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The ADAB of learning

BY; M06
• Etiquettes pertaining to the student’s
personal conduct:
Student must avoid themselves from
immoral behavior and evil affairs. [1]

• The Quran stated that in


Surah Al-Taubah:

• “O you who believe! Truly the


Pagans are unclean.” (9:28)

[1] Fazal-ul-Karim, Maulana
(1963). Imam Ghazzali’s
Ulum-id-din. (Vol. 1)
• Lahore: Book House.
The student should approach the task of
learning one step at a time. [1]

• Allah says in Surah al-Isra’:

• “(It is) a Qur'an which We have


divided (into parts from time to
time), in order that thou mightest
recite it to men at intervals: We
have revealed it by stages.”
(17:106) [1]

• Fazal-ul-Karim, Maulana (1963).
Imam Ghazzali’s Ulum-id-din. (Vol.
1)
• Lahore: Book House.
The student should strive to acquaint himself with as
much of the knowledge of his day as he can. [1]


Allah says in Surah al-Ahqaf:

• “And seeing that they guide not


themselves thereby, they will
say, "this is an (old,)
falsehood!”.” (46:11) [1]

• Fazal-ul-Karim, Maulana
Lahore: Book House.
• Etiquettes Pertaining to the Student’s
Relationship with His Lord:
The student should be sincere to Allah in his intentions
for seeking knowledge. [1]


He should not seek Islamic knowledge for
fame or status. The Prophet (peace be
upon him) said:

• “Do not acquire knowledge in order to vie


with scholars or dispute with the ignorant or
turn people’s glances your way. Whoever
does that is in the Fire.”

• (Sunan Ibn Majah (259) – declared a good


(hasan) hadith by al-Albani).

• [1] Al-Alwani, Taha Jabir (1994). The Ethics


of Disagreement in Islam. (Abdul Wahid
Hamid. Trans.) A.S. al-Shaikh Ali. (Ed.)
Herndon: The International Institute of
Islamic Thougt.
A student of religious knowledge should feel strongly
about the teachings of his faith. [1]

• He should feel enough concern to


enjoin what is right and forbid what is
wrong.
The Prophet (peace be upon him)
said:

• “Religion is Sincerity.” We asked: “To


whom, O Messenger of Allah?” He
said: “To Allah, His Book, His
Messenger, and the leaders of the
Muslims and to the common Muslim.”
(Sahih Muslim (82))


[1] Abdalati, Hammudah. (2001).
Islam in Focus. Petaling Jaya: Islamic
Book Trust Kuala Lumpur.
The student should accept what Allah has set forth in
the scriptures of religious rulings and teachings. [1]

• He should not give his personal


opinions preference over the clear
dictates of the Qur’ân and Sunnah.
Allah says in Surah al-Hujurat:

• “O you who believe! Put not


yourselves forward before Allah and
His Messenger; but fear Allah: for
Allah is He Who hears and knows all
things.”(49:1)


[1] Laming, Shahibuddin. (2002).
Knowledge in Human Society
( Selected Themes of al-Quran).
Kuala Lumpur: A.S. Noordeen.
• Etiquettes Pertaining to the Student’s
Relationship with His Teachers:
The student should behave humbly in his teachers’
presence and should show them respect. [1]

• Allah says Surah al-Mujadalah:

• “Allah will exalt those who believe


among you, and those who have
knowledge, to high ranks. Allah is
well acquainted with what you do.”
(58:11)

• [1] Fazal-ul-Karim, Maulana


(1963). Imam Ghazzali’s Ulum-id-
din. (Vol. 1)
• Lahore: Book House.
The student should sit in the presence of his teachers
attentively.

• He should not let his


mind wander. Allah
says in Surah al-Ahzab:

• “Allah has not assigned


to any man two hearts
within his body.”(33:4)
The student should be attentive, even when the topic is
one that he is already well versed in.

• This is one of the best manners a


student of knowledge can exhibit.
`Ata’ b. Rabah said:

• “If I hear a youngster relate a hadith, I


listen as if I have no knowledge of it at
all.”

• He also said: “I will hear a youngster


relate a hadîth and listen to him as if I
had never heard the hadith before,
even though the truth is I heard it
before he was born.”