Introduction

Chapter 1

Tanenbaum, Structured Computer Organization, Fifth Edition, (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0-13-148521-0

Languages, Levels, Virtual Machines

A multilevel machine
Tanenbaum, Structured Computer Organization, Fifth Edition, (c) 2006 Pearson Education, Inc. All rights reserved. 0-13-148521-0

Tanenbaum. 0-13-148521-0 . Structured Computer Organization. All rights reserved. Fifth Edition. (c) 2006 Pearson Education.Contemporary Multilevel Machines A six-level computer. Inc. The support method for each level is indicated below it .

Structured Computer Organization. Inc. Fifth Edition. (c) 2006 Pearson Education.Evolution of Multilevel Machines • • • • Invention of microprogramming Invention of operating system Migration of functionality to microcode Elimination of microprogramming Tanenbaum. All rights reserved. 0-13-148521-0 .

All rights reserved. Fifth Edition.Operating System Tasks A sample job for the FMS operating system Tanenbaum. Inc. Structured Computer Organization. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. 0-13-148521-0 .

Milestones in Computer Architecture (1) Some milestones in the development of the modern digital computer. Structured Computer Organization. Tanenbaum. 0-13-148521-0 . (c) 2006 Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Fifth Edition. Inc.

Milestones in Computer Architecture (2) Some milestones in the development of the modern digital computer. All rights reserved. Fifth Edition. 0-13-148521-0 . Inc. Structured Computer Organization. Tanenbaum. (c) 2006 Pearson Education.

All rights reserved. 0-13-148521-0 • • • • . Fifth Edition. (c) 2006 Pearson Education.Computer Generations • Zeroth Generation Mechanical Computers (1642 – 1945) First Generation Vacuum Tubes (1945 – 1955) Second Generation Transistors (1955 – 1965) Third Generation Integrated Circuits (1965 – 1980) Fourth Generation Very Large Scale Integration (1980 – ?) Tanenbaum. Structured Computer Organization. Inc.

All rights reserved. Inc.Von Neumann Machine The original Von Neumann machine. Fifth Edition. Structured Computer Organization. Tanenbaum. 0-13-148521-0 . (c) 2006 Pearson Education.

PDP-8 Innovation – Single Bus The PDP-8 omnibus Tanenbaum. Inc. 0-13-148521-0 . Fifth Edition. Structured Computer Organization. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. All rights reserved.

Fifth Edition. Tanenbaum. Inc. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Structured Computer Organization. All rights reserved. 0-13-148521-0 .IBM 360 The initial offering of the IBM product line.

(c) 2006 Pearson Education. Fifth Edition. in bits. All rights reserved. Structured Computer Organization. Tanenbaum. Inc. The data points given in this figure are memory sizes. 0-13-148521-0 .Technological and Economic Forces Moore’s law predicts a 60-percent annual increase in the number of transistors that can be put on a chip.

a metric ton) of salt. The prices should be taken with a grain (or better yet. Fifth Edition. 0-13-148521-0 . Structured Computer Organization.The Computer Spectrum The current spectrum of computers available. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. All rights reserved. Tanenbaum. Inc.

Pentium 4 socket 2. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Structured Computer Organization. Disk interface 6. Memory sockets 4. AGP connector 5. Cooling technology 10. Gigabit Ethernet 7. Fifth Edition. The photograph is copyrighted by the Intel Corporation. 2003 and is used by permission. 0-13-148521-0 . BIOS A printed circuit board is at the heart of every personal computer. This figure is a photograph of the Intel D875PBZ board.0 ports 9. 875P Support chip 3. Tanenbaum. Five PCI slots 8.Personal Computer 1. USB 2. Inc. All rights reserved.

Fifth Edition. used for embedded systems Tanenbaum. Inc. All rights reserved. Structured Computer Organization.Example Computer Families • • • Pentium 4 by Intel UltraSPARC III by Sun Microsystems The 8051 chip by Intel. 0-13-148521-0 . (c) 2006 Pearson Education.

Structured Computer Organization. All rights reserved. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Tanenbaum. Clock speeds are measured in MHz (megahertz) where 1 MHZ is 1 million cycles/sec.Intel Computer Family (1) The Intel CPU family. 0-13-148521-0 . Inc. Fifth Edition.

2003 and is used by permission. Tanenbaum. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Inc.Intel Computer Family (2) The Pentium 4 chip. Structured Computer Organization. The photograph is copyrighted by the Intel Corporation. Fifth Edition. 0-13-148521-0 . All rights reserved.

Structured Computer Organization.Intel Computer Family (3) Moore’s law for (Intel) CPU chips. All rights reserved. Fifth Edition. Inc. Tanenbaum. 0-13-148521-0 . (c) 2006 Pearson Education.

MCS-51 Family Members of the MCS-51 family. Inc. 0-13-148521-0 . Tanenbaum. Fifth Edition. All rights reserved. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Structured Computer Organization.

Inc. Structured Computer Organization. All rights reserved.Metric Units The principal metric prefixes. (c) 2006 Pearson Education. Tanenbaum. Fifth Edition. 0-13-148521-0 .

Sign up to vote on this title
UsefulNot useful

Master Your Semester with Scribd & The New York Times

Special offer for students: Only $4.99/month.

Master Your Semester with a Special Offer from Scribd & The New York Times

Cancel anytime.